American History: The Stormy Weather And Over And Well: 1930 1941

1261 words - 6 pages

Stormy Weather & Over and Well: 1930-1941
The thirties were a time of the Great Depression. Everyone was poor. People who had had riches in abundance not one year earlier were living on the streets. It would take years for America to recover, and the road to get there was not very smooth.
The economy during the thirties was very bad in America. At the end of the last century, in 1929, the stock exchange crashed. It is referred to as the Wall Street crash and the collapse of the NY stock exchange, but most importantly it started the Great Depression. Every day there were more bankruptcies and layoffs. Even big, seemingly indestructible companies were in danger. Companies like Industrial ...view middle of the document...

There was a drought in parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. They became known as the Dust Bowl. They were hit hard by dry topsoil and high winds that created blinding dust storms; this area of the Great Plains became called that because winds blew away crops and farms. It blew dust from Oklahoma to Albany, New York. Ruined farms and left many farmers without crops and money. It was the worst drought in US history. 25,000 miles of farm land became dust; the farmers fled to California. During this time many people rode freight trains in search of a second chance. Some even fled the country. One hundred thousand Americans moved to Soviet Union. The 1930’s was the only time is history where there were more people leaving the United States than coming into it. Photographer’s pictures of the Great Depression were published in magazines for all to see. Radio was the favorite news source for many Americans. In June 1938, Joe Louis, an African-American boxer also known as "The Brown Bomber," defeated German boxer Max Schmeling defending his world Heavyweight title and, for many black and white Americans, earning a major victory for the United States in a clash of civilizations. In their pre-fight coverage, American reporters cast Schmeling as a Nazi villain (despite the fact that Schmeling had never officially pledged his support for the Nazi regime). Louis knocked Schmeling out before a crowd of 70,000, signaling for many Americans the first great blow to the Hitler regime. On April 9th 1939 Marion Anderson, an acclaimed African American singer, performed at the Lincoln Memorial. Her performance set the stage for the civil rights era. That summer was the World’s Fair. It opened on April 30, 1939 in New York City. While some of the pavilions were still under construction and not yet open, that first day of the Fair was attended by 206,000 visitors. Then President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave the opening speech while an estimated 1,000 visitors watched the opening on 200 televisions sets in various locations throughout the Fair. The Fair ended the 1930’s with a bang. With new inventions like the dishwasher and television, the future of technology was looking bright for the next decade.
The Great Depression started in 1929, the first year of Herbert Hoover’s presidency. The government during the thirties had very little direct impact on people’s lives. Strikes and protests were growing larger and were becoming more violent. Herbert Hoover, Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929, promised the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community. His belief in “rugged...

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