American History: World War I Essay

899 words - 4 pages

Shell Shock: 1914-1919
1914-1919 were the years of World War I. At first, the United States tried to stay neutral- traded with both sides- but stayin neutral proved impossible. World War I was fought mainly in Europe and the Middle East. The Allies (principally France, Russia, Britain, Italy after 1915, and the US after 1917) faced, and defeated, the Central Powers (principally Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey). The whole thing started with the murder of Austria’s crown prince, and then quickly developed. It began on July 28, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918, with the collapse of the Central Powers. Americans had never seen a war as great as this and it was quite a shock.
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Because of this influx of African Americans in the north working, when the war ended all the veterans came home to find their jobs filled. Many were unemployed and it did not help that companies started laying off. World War I kept America’s economy strong, but after it was over that strong economy was weakened.
The war in Europe although an ocean away, did affect people in America. One large affect it had on American people was the sinking of the Lusitania. The Lusitania was a British ship carrying hundreds of American passengers and weapons. One year into World War I, the boat, was attacked by German submarines. It was torpedoed by a German U-Boat. One torpedo sunk the ship, and 128 Americans drowned. Americans were angered by this; a German attack on the neutral United States. This attack helped provoke America into entering the war because the population began to view Germany as an enemy. In addition during this time many factories began looking South to the blacks for work. They did this because European immigration was cut off- cutting off the work force as well. This lack of European immigrant workers leads to many blacks moving north. The Great Migration, as this was referred to as, created some race conflict in the north. Another effect the war on had on American society is that once America joined the war they lost many soldiers. Nine million men died; every family lost someone. Then, only thirty years later, all these nations would fight once more.
World War I had a great effect on the politics...

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