In 1900, Senator Albert Beveridge, a Republican from Indiana, gave a speech in response to “The Philippine Question”. Beveridge was asked by senators and members of the House of Representatives to give a speech on the Philippines. At this time, the United States was in discussion of what the future steps would be after the Spanish-American War, which resulted in a win and subsequent acquisition of the Philippines. Senator Beveridge responded to the idea that the United States should stay in the Philippines for its available resources for the United States, its impact it gives the United States in the Pacific Ocean, and the destiny the United States has in spreading democracy. Senator Albert Beveridge makes a strong argument of why the United States should stay in the Philippines; his arguments of commerce, world powers, and race are all strong for the United States, but there is a strong resistance from the Filipino people and their vocal leader Emilio Aguinaldo.
To begin, Beveridge discusses where the Philippines are in the world standing. He describes the islands as the last lands left in the oceans, and suggests that taking over the island through the Asian and Australian markets would create a United States influence in the Pacific. The only markets that the United States have not done business with are the Asian markets, so the expansion could prove to be financially beneficial. With the United States needing to become more involved in Asian commerce, the Philippines could eventually become an American resource with the importation and exportation. It is Beveridge’s idea that if the United States were to take action in the Philippines, it would cause a “win-win situation” for both countries.
During this time, the United States was in a period of massive economic growth. The economic growth resulted in increased revenue due to railroads, steel mills, and coalmines. Beveridge discussed the industries of farming and mining in the Philippines and its impact it could have in the United States. The farming goods in Philippines included rice, coffee, sugar, coconut, hemp, and tobacco all goods used in the United States. But with the American population exceeding 75 million people, the country needs were on the rise. With a rising population resulting in a need for more resources, the Philippines could be an answer to the problem. Would allow the United States to be more self-reliant and have less need on foreign goods. In addition to farming resources, there were many acres of forestry and mountains in the Philippines that could be used to provide wood and coal, which appealed to the capitalists found in Congress. The narrative of weeping the riches of the Philippines Beveridge reminds Congress this can only be achieved through occupation.
Although the tension between Europe, Russia, and Asia were not high during this time, small battles over territories continuously contributed to a much bigger problem of worldwide rising military numbers. Even...