American Political Parties Essay

1368 words - 5 pages

Political parties are critical structures in the modern society and universal phenomena in most democracies. In fact, they form major objects of intensive study as they are usually the centre of political and social power. They engage in most activities that are of significant consequence in the lives of citizens and link the common populace to the government. Therefore, it is important to understand political parties fully from every perspective of political systems so obtain their real importance in democracies. A political party is basically a group of citizens who converge as voters, activists, electoral candidates and office holders with a common party label and seek to elect party members into public offices. While modern political systems are complicated, the American system is more particularly so. The American system comprises of enormous bureaucracies, huge bicameral legislatures and extensively elaborate committee systems. In addition, there are many layers of courts in the jurisdiction system, each with a different political structure that compounds the fragmentation even further, making the American government an even more complicated structure. There are also multiple interest groups in political America as well as in many modern systems. These groups are constantly multiplying and increasing in diversity while pressing their concerns in a bid to seek government action (Eldersveld, 2000). Most importantly, political parties have a specific role of communicating with the public to mobilize and support its interests and to yield pleasant results. The objective of this paper is to discuss American political parties to understand their forms, categories and functions.
The United States of America comprises of a federal government and state governments which are headed by the president. The federal constitutional republic has the president, congress and judiciary sharing powers reserved to the national government. The political system of America is very different from other developed and developing democracies. Most notable is the increased power bestowed on the upper house of the parliament, the extensive power held by the Supreme Court and the dominance demonstrated by only two major parties. In the United States, third parties have the least influence on the world’s most developed democracy’s political structure. In this democracy, people are under the US Constitution of the governmental system as well as state government and other units of local government. Local government entails counties, districts and municipalities. The evolution of the American political party system has come a long way; with Hamilton and Jefferson being regarded as the founder fathers of the modern party system. These were heads of the Federalist and Anti-Federalist groups in the 18th century of American politics. Ever since, the country has maintained a party system that has two main parties that are relatively stable. These are Democrats and Republicans and...

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