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American Revolution Essay

1145 words - 5 pages

In 1607, Jamestown was first established in the Americas. Colonists were taking their first steps toward independence. Even though their official independence from the King would be over a hundred years later, the colonists way of life would be changed drastically from the freedoms they had been granted by living separate from the main empire. The colonists began to rely more on the close knit communities where they for the first time would have a say in how the colony should be ran, the colonist also became more dependent on the other colonists and began to distance themselves from the British Empire. By the time the King’s interest in the colonies increased, the colonists were not willing to give up the liberties that they had been living with for over a hundred years. As the King George III continued to place unruly taxes on the colonist , increase his control over the colonies , the colonist felt like they had exhaust every option they had forcing them to go to war with England to win their independence.
After the French and Indian War, the British had acquired a vast amount of debt. The British decided that the colonists should have to help pay off the debt since it was acquired through protecting them. For the first time the colonists would have to begin paying extra taxes to the empire. The first tax that got placed on the colonist was a sugar tax. In the New England colonies, colonists were unable to continue making and selling a vast amount of rum as they had previously. Since the British had increased the tax on sugar and decreased the price of molasses because of the tax the colonists economy began to come to a halt. Parliament also began sending ships to patrol the colonies waterways for smugglers. A few months later Parliament passed the Currency Act. Through this act parliament forced colonies to stop producing currency on their own. It forced colonists to become more depend on trade with the empire since it was the only place that they could get any money. Farmers suffered the most losses through the Currency Act, they were no longer able to take out loans and in return the farmers began to lose their farms. Parliament also put into place a new court system that would be run by British officials and not the colonists. The Sugar and the Currency Act had caused some problems in different colonies at different times. The Stamp Act, "unified all the colonist together" under one cause. The Stamp Act would place a tax of any written document of any kind. Many colonists began to believe that the British were trying to keep the colonists inferior to them. The Stamp Act also bothered the colonists since they would have a harder time affording a bible with tax on it and the literacy rates would be down. Through this act colonists began to voice their hatred toward the King for the first time. One of the main advocates was Patrick Henry who stirred up the colonists and in the end had them screaming "treason!"(Brinkley 101). James...

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