“The British are coming, the British are coming!” Did you know that these famous words were never yelled by Paul Revere? However, the British were indeed coming. America’s forefathers came to this land to escape oppression from British rule. It wasn’t until they were being overtaxed by the British that they rose up to fight for independence and freedom. This historic event was known as The American Revolution. The American Revolution gave birth to democracy in America through great historical events, unknown facts, and famous penned agreements.
Resistance to the British and their control over the colonies began with a small group of men called The Sons of Liberty. Over time, they grew into a large organization having members in all of the colonies. Their primary purpose was to reject the extreme taxes the British were imposing on them. After many parliamentary acts were enacted to extort money via taxes from the colonists, they began to revolt in an attempt to show the British their discontent (History.com Staff, 2009). The most famous uprising of the Sons of Liberty was the Boston Tea Party.
The British had been taxing everything they could get away with on the colonists. When they taxed the tea – that of which the colonists could only buy from the British, the colonists told the British to take their tea ships home. The British refused. As a result, colonist Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty protested by sneaking on board the tea ships disguised as Indians and dumped the tea in its entirety into the Boston Harbor. The British, angered by this, closed the harbor and imposed more penalties ("Boston tea party," 2009). The American Revolution began shortly thereafter.
Many battles took place in the American Revolution. The British were better supplied and it seemed that they were defeating the colonists. The turning point, however was two battles called the Battle of Saratoga. The first battle took place on September 19, 1977. At this battle, the British had a small victory over the American forces. When they attacked again on October 7, 1777, they were forced to retreat and lost the battle. This was the turning point in the American Revolution. Because of the American victory, the French then joined forces with America, giving support on land and at sea ("Battle of Saratoga," 2009). Ultimately, this relationship enabled America to win the war.
In addition to France, there were many other lesser known participants in the American Revolution. Many women traveled with the armies to supply support as nurses, cooks, etc. Some women even participated in the battles in support of their wounded husbands. One of these women was Margaret Cochran Corbin. She took over on the battlefield, was recognized for her bravery and buried at West Point with full military honors. Native Americans fought as well as African Americans who even had their own integrated units. Even more interesting, pirates were licensed to fight the British...