American Suffer Obsessive Compulsive Disorder An Anxiety Disorder Obsessional Thoughts A Compulsive

524 words - 2 pages

Nearly three million people in America suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and approximately one million of them are children. Data shows that nearly 1 in 200 children suffer from OCD, which can disrupt academic, social and professional progress. OCD is defined as "an anxiety disorder because people with OCD experience anxiety as a result of their obsessional thoughts and when they cannot carry out their compulsive behaviors"(Nolen-Hoeksema, 2004). People who have been diagnosed with OCD have been found to have low levels of seratonin, a chemical that sends signals between the different parts of the brain. Therefore, making OCD a biological issue, like other mental disorders (Kreidie, 2003).Usually between the ages of 6 and 15 the symptoms of OCD present themselves in males, and in females the symptoms begin between the ages of 20 and 29 (Nolen-Hoeksema, 232). Most people who have OCD try to hide their symptoms from family and friends, and by doing so delaying treatment can be dangerous. Symptoms vary with the obsession. For example, a person who always feels dirty will take a shower every 30 minutes, to try to keep clean. Approximately 66 percent of people who have OCD also suffer from depression (Nolen-Hoeksema, 232).Treatment for OCD is a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and setraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) (Joquest, 2004). In October 2004, Duke University conducted a study of 112 patients between the ages of 7 and 17 who had a primary diagnosis of OCD. Patients were randomly assigned to groups that received either CBT plus setraline, CBT alone, setraline...

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