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Americas In Volvement In World War Two

1782 words - 8 pages

When war broke out , there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre.Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped.America's Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insaneAdolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the united statesentered the war any earlier the consequences might have been worse.Over the years it has been an often heated and debated issue on whether the united states couldhave entered the war sooner and thus have saved many lives. To try to understand this we must look bothat the people's and government's point of ...view middle of the document...

Its weapons dated from the first World War and were no match compared to thenew artillery that Germany and its allies had. 'American soldiers were more at home with the horse thanwith the tank' (Overy 273). The air force was just as bad if not worse. In September 1939 the Air Corpshad only 800 combat aircrafts again compared with Germany's 3600 and Russia's 10,000 . Americanmilitary Aviation (AMA) in 1938 was able to produce only 1,800, 300 less than Germany, and 1,400 lessthan Japan. Major Eisenhower, who was later Supreme commander of the Allied forces in the secondWorld War, complained that America was left with 'only a shell of military establishment' (Chapman234 ). As was evident to Roosevelt the United states military was in no way prepared to enter thisEuropean crisis.Another aspect that we have to consider is the people's views and thought's regarding theUnited States going to war. After all let us not forget that the American government is there 'for thepeople and by the people' and therefore the people's view did play a major role in this declaration ofNeutrality. In one of Roosevelt's fireside chats he said 'We shun political commitments which mightentangle us In foreign wars...If we face the choice of profits or peace-this nation must answer, the nationwill answer 'we choose peace' ',in which they did. A poll taken in 1939 revealed that ninety-four percent of the citizens did not want the united states to enter the war. The shock of World War one had stillnot left ,and entering a new war, they felt, would be foolish. In the early stages of the war AmericanAmbassador to London was quoted saying 'It's the end of the world, the end of everything' ( Overy 261).As Richard Overy notes in The Road To War, this growing 'estrangement' from Europe was not mereselfishness. They were the values expressed by secretary of state, Cordel Hull: 'a primary interest in peacewith justice, in economic well-being with stability, and conditions of order under the law'. These wereprinciples here on which most Americans (ninety-four percent as of 1939) agreed on. To promote theseprinciples the United States would have to avoid all 'foreign entanglements', or as Overy puts it 'anykind of alliance or association outside the western hemisphere'. Instead the United States should act as anarbitre in world affairs, 'encouraging peaceful change where necessary' and most and for all discouragingaggression (Overy 263).Why risk going to war, when it is contrary to American policy which most if not all Americanswere in agreement with and not mentioning the fact that the American military was in shambles. Yetanother factor that led to this decision of Neutrality by President Roosevelt was the American Economy.The health of the American economy could not be jeopardized, whatever was happeningelsewhere. It was Roosevelt's view that the United states would fare well (economically speaking) whetherEurope went to war or not. 'Gold was flowing in from Europe's capitals;...

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