Amish: A Culture Worth Learning From

1843 words - 7 pages

Social process theory views criminality as a function of people's interactions with organizations institutions and processes in society. Social process theorists believe that children learn to commit crime by interacting with, and modeling the behaviors of others they admire or respect. Social process theory focuses on upbringing and socialization, which stems from parents, peers, or teachers (Siegel, 2011, p. 13-14).
American psychologist B.F. Skinner 1904-1990, developed social process theory he studied behaviorism, which included responses to environmental stimuli and the controlled scientific study of response. This study was termed operant conditioning created through both social and non-social reinforcements. Most learning of criminal behavior occurs in social interactions with other people (B.F. Skinner).
Skinners studies included the study of pigeons that helped develop the idea of operant conditioning and shaping of behavior. His study entailed making goals for pigeons, if the goal for the pigeon is to turn to the left, a reward is given for any movement to the left, the rewards are supposed to encourage the left turn. Skinner believed complicated tasks could be broken down in this way and taught until mastered. The main belief of Skinner is everything we do is because of punishment and reward (B.F. Skinner).


Edwin Sutherland American criminologist 1883-1950 opposed dominant, biological and psychological explanations for crime. He believed criminal behavior is a product of learning through social interactions and peers influence behavior by social interaction. If a peer group is criminal, the individual will perceive this behavior as normal. Sutherland believed there is a criminal life cycle, in which the attitudes vary in content and intensity throughout the criminal’s life (Edwin Sutherland).
American criminologist Ronald Akers 1939-present; is known for his social learning theory of crime, which is based on A differential reinforcement theory of criminal behavior which was first developed by Robert L. Burgess American sociologist in 1966, this theory expanded on the work of B.F. Skinner and Edwin Sutherland.
Ronald Akers believed criminal behaviors learned through social and non-social reinforcements; most learning of criminal behavior occurs in social interactions with others (Ronald L. Akers).
The work of American psychologist Albert Bandura was a focus of study for Ronald Akers. Bandura studied children, he determined when children watch others they learn how to share, aggression, cooperation, social interaction and delay of gratification. Bandura based his work on his classic study of imitation learning.
Bandura determined there are three stages of social learning behavior, cognition and environment. During Bandura’s study, children who saw a model punished for aggressive behavior, exhibited fewer aggressive responses. Children who saw the model...

Find Another Essay On Amish: A Culture Worth Learning From

A Years Worth of Learning Essay

1623 words - 7 pages going from my fingertips to my upper arm. “Well, in the crash, you forearm was hit and the bone shattered. Don’t worry, it is a common crash injury,” she reassured me when she saw the worried look in my eyes. “Where is my family! How did it happen?” I said, suddenly aware of my loneliness in the room with this stranger. “Well, a drunk driver was out of control, and that’s how you crashed. Your family… well…” started the kind woman. The door to

Learning from Experience in To Kill a Mockingbird

579 words - 2 pages Learning from Experience in To Kill a Mockingbird In the novel "To Kill a Mockingbird", Jem and Scout Finch develop their moral conscience and awareness of the reality of the situations they are facing. Atticus's teaching method of "personal experience" instead of being told how to do something is important as they learn various lessons in this process. Jem and Scout learn many lessons in the story but they are mainly based on the

Griswold's concept of "Culture" from a sociological viewpoint

511 words - 2 pages view, everything, even human consciousness, starts from and has the history as a product of human labor (homo faber). Culture is a concept largely based on the material forces of production and economic foundation of a society. This "historical materialism" , and the production relations of society is the true root of culture, therefore , it is the social being that determines men's existence. However, for Functionalism, culture is based on mutual

Keith Urban: A Country Music Superstar Evolved from Aussie Culture

1235 words - 5 pages is arguably out of character for an Australian. Unlike Americans, a typical Aussie bloke would not particularly feel a passion to explore the “myth, legend and genuine achievement” that many Americans do (Longstaff). Keith Urban, in an interview with CountryMusic Guide, seems to agree that his decision wasn’t very Australian-esque. Rather, the decision was based on his desire to progress as an artist. He explains, “I come from Australia, and I'm

Phone Usage in Schools: A Given Luxury, or a Deterrent from Learning?

1085 words - 5 pages Phone Usage in Schools: A Given Luxury, or a Deterrent from Learning? An Essay by Aaron Flaa As humans progress both psychologically and physically, technology progresses just as fast, or perhaps even faster. Technology has advanced so far as to allow people to talk to a family member, coworker, or even a complete stranger at the touch of a couple of buttons. We can now have a cellular phone and media player in one, four

The Columbine Influence: How a school shooting affected a nation, from gun control to pop culture

2860 words - 12 pages Klebold committed such a terrible act, but measures to prevent it from happening again began almost immediately. Strides were taken to make schools a safer environment for students through changes to school policies and the addition or enhancement of anti-bullying programs; law enforcement officials began placing a larger emphasis on active shooter training; proposals for new gun laws were presented, and widely debated; and in popular culture, the

Cultural Madness. A closer inspection of Japanese culture using the "Chrysanthemum Tryst" a tale from the Ugetsu Monogatari

928 words - 4 pages foundation for blind faith, one has to grasp the entire situation before acting out rashly and committing suicide. This is strictly from a Westernized perspective, perhaps there is a spiritual force at work within the culture. The story seems absurd because death is viewed as an undesirable end, but the persistence of the characters in these texts has one believing that death is merely the beginning. Maybe this imperfect world cannot embody those who have reached the pinnacle of spirituality, therefore they exit the shell that is there body.

The United States has Changed from a Melting Pot to a Vast Culture with Varying Racial Backgrounds

811 words - 3 pages The United States has Changed from a Melting Pot to a Vast Culture with Varying Racial Backgrounds The United States, created by blending or melting many cultures together into one common man, known as an American. Modern communication and transportation accelerate mass migrations from one continent . . . to the United States (Schlesinger 21). Ethnic and racial diversity was bound to happen in the American society. As immigration began

Mystery of the Great Sphinx of Giza: Understanding the Sphinx From a Material Culture Point of View

2694 words - 11 pages difficulties with past technologies? The purpose of this paper would be discussing the possible identity of whom the Sphinx might be and compare and analyze the evidence from a material culture point of view. The paper would be lay out to four different sections. First part would briefly describe the purpose of this study as well as giving a brief modern history of the Sphinx. Second part would be discussing the style/meaning and its association and

Learning from Experience: To Kill a Mockingbird

1417 words - 6 pages As C. S. Lewis said, "Experience: that most brutal of teachers. But you learn, my god do you learn." From life until death, one goes through many experiences shaping his or her personality and ideals. Every decision made, and every adventure encountered ultimately sets a mold for the type of person one becomes. Scout and Jem spend almost every minute together, growing up in the same environment, and sharing events throughout the novel. They

Multi-culture Complications; Please write a 2-3 page paper identifying some of these "cultural mistakes" from the first article listed below ("The pitfalls of cross-cultural business").

983 words - 4 pages from people that were against slaughterhouses, junk food chains and globalization. The company created entire menus removing all beef and pork products while substituting mutton. Yet, across the world, there is a severe resistance to cultural preeminence. Many resist an outside imposition of foreign culture. Finding a common ground is not always as easy as it sounds, but it is the basic things in life that allow cultures to grow and learn from

Similar Essays

Learning From A Distance Essay

1000 words - 4 pages form of tuition paid by students, but also from many forms of ancillary revenues. This can be anything from textbook sales, to group events, to merchandise with university logos to sporting event tickets. To standardize Distance or online learning would be practically synonymous to the ending of college campuses, as we know them. Who needs a campus when there is no need to ?attend? class? Why have a registration building if it is done online? The

Learning From Peers About Their Culture

1210 words - 5 pages different than each other thorough this interview. Questions and Script of the interview 1. Q. In your country, which do people usually choose to study at, local university or distant university from their hometown if both universities have major that the people want to take? A. Most people want to choose local university, but it depends on how they do on entrance exam. Every Taiwanese student has to take the test to go to universities in Taiwan and

Constructing And Supporting A Collaborative Learning Culture

1782 words - 7 pages collaborative learning culture supports developing and sustaining organizational learning. The PLC process or another collaborative process must include the use of formative and summative assessment data to draw conclusions from. In this stage of the development, it is important to have developed and be using common assessments among a variety of teachers. This gives the teachers the opportunity to analyze the student performance and learning patterns

Counseling A Client From Another Culture

955 words - 4 pages parents remove any clothing, jewelry, or personal items that were not congruent with the American culture at that time. As I reflect on my mom’s experience, it must have been such a difficult transition not allowed to maintain her own culture identity. Counseling a client from another culture, I believe it is the most beneficial experience in the world. My own personal theory on achieving the title of a culturally skilled counselor is to be