This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Amnesia Essay

1049 words - 4 pages


Amnesia, the partial or complete loss of memory, most commonly is temporary and for only a short span of experience. There are both organic and psychological causes for amnesia. Some organic causes include inflammation of the brain, head injury, or stroke. This type of memory loss occurs suddenly and can last a long time. The person may be able to recall events in the distant past but not yesterday or today. If the amnesia is caused by alcohol abuse, it is a progressive disorder, and there are usually neurological problems like uncoordinated movements and loss of feeling in the fingers and toes. Once these problems occur, it may be too late to stop drinking. In contrast, psychologically based amnesia is almost always temporary. This type of memory loss may be triggered by a traumatic event with which the mind can not deal. Usually, the memory slowly or suddenly comes back a few days later, though not all of the trauma may be recalled. Only rarely does a person lose the memory of larger portions of their life
The brain stores different types of information in different places. Short-term memory involves recalling details that have been catalogued seconds or minutes before. Examples include reciting a phone number, recognizing a new face, or repeating a list of three objects seen 2 or 3 minutes earlier. For this to happen, distinct areas deep in the brain need to function properly. For short-term memory to convert to long-term memory, other permanent changes to brain cells have to take place. This is similar to creating a permanent file or recording. Other parts of the brain perform this filing function.
Occasional memory lapses or forgetfulness are common. These may be associated with depression, stress, lack of sleep, and normal aging. Memory loss only becomes a problem when it is severe and interferes with daily living.
Amnesia is a severe form of memory loss. It may be a partial or complete lack of recall. Depending on the cause of amnesia, the memory loss may arise suddenly or slowly. It also can be temporary or permanent.
Many people with progressive memory loss may not be aware of their worsening forgetfulness. Family members or friends may be more able to judge whether memory lapses are getting worse. Depending on whether the memory loss is of short- or long-term memory, the individual or family may notice certain events, such as:

· Inability to recognize family members
· forgetting one's phone number or home address
· forgetting how to return home from a familiar location
· forgetting to eat, bathe, or maintain one's hygiene
· forgetting friends' or family members' names

Common medical causes of memory loss include:
· normal aging
· Alzheimer’s Disease
· depression
· head trauma
· hysteria
· seizures
· chronic alcohol abuse drugs such as anesthetics,
· barbiturates, and hallucinogens
· electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
· temporal lobe surgery for conditions such as a brain tumor lack of oxygen...

Find Another Essay On Amnesia

Overview of Amnesia Essay

1806 words - 7 pages When people lose their ability to memorize data, they have amnesia. Amnesia also refers to an inability to recall information that is stored in memory. In simple terms, amnesia is the loss of memory. The causes of amnesia may be organic or functional. Organic causes may include brain damage through injury, or the use of specific drugs - usually sedative drugs. Amnesia may be one of the symptoms of some degenerative brain diseases, such as

Repression vs. Amnesia Essay

1109 words - 5 pages Repression vs. Amnesia Memory is a dynamic part of everyday life. It helps people function and communicate with each other without a second thought. This communication and function can be hindered if the person experiences a traumatic event. There are two main forms of trauma, physical and emotional, each of which can cause major damage to the victims mind. Both types can cause a person to have flashbacks to the traumatic event or even

Amnesia of a Dreamer

1971 words - 8 pages for the next host who stepped through his door. In this case his host was a boy not even nineteen years of age who probably had a life to look forward too. But that didn’t matter. Just as long as he finds out how to stop his device from killing brain cells that eventually leads to amnesia, or even death. If he stooped to pitiful human morals and told Gavin what his device actually did to the brain, his work would be finished and he would probably

Amnesia: Who Are You Anyway?

1196 words - 5 pages Amnesia: Who Are You Anyway? "Should the soul of a prince, carrying with it the consciousness of the prince's past life, enter and inform the body of a cobbler, as soon as deserted by his own soul, every one sees he would be the same person with the prince, accountable only for the prince's actions: but who would say it was the same man?" --"Of Identity and Diversity", John Locke "Where am I? How did I get here?" "You were in a car

Dissociative Amnesia and Nathan Dickson

692 words - 3 pages Dissociative amnesia is a mental illness that involves disruptions in memory, consciousness, or identity. Dissociative amnesia occurs when a person blocks out certain information, usually of a stressful or traumatic event; it may be localized or selective. Localized amnesia occurs when the individual is unable to recall information during a period of time. Selective amnesia takes place when a person is unable to recall some information about a

The Causes (and Solutions) of Historical Amnesia

808 words - 4 pages and moments of silence with the hope of growing to a larger national scale. It is crucial for all citizens of America to awaken from their historical amnesia and recognize where America, as a nation, was 50 years ago, because as George Santayana said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” and we sure would not want that, would we? Works Cited "Pearl Harbor Attack." In Encyclopedia Britannica Online: Encyclopedia

The Neurology of Memory & Anterograde and Retrograde Amnesia

1584 words - 7 pages The Neurology of Memory & Anterograde and Retrograde Amnesia Introduction Memory is defined as “the mental capacity to encode, store, and retrieve information” (American Psychological Association, 2002). It is a part of the means by which humans function. The process of forming and recalling memories involves various complex neurological processes and disruptions to these processes can result in loss of memory or the inability to form new

Lost in Memory Lane: A study of Infantile Amnesia

1011 words - 5 pages Many studies have been conducted revolving around the phenomenon of infantile amnesia. The term was initially coined by Sigmund Freud to define the lack of childhood memories among adults. He believed that adults experience this to repress their sexual urgings and traumas that occurred during the early years of one’s life. Yet, some of the memories that are recalled are hazy and unclear. However, recent scientific studies have discovered the

Amnesia in Singular Case Studies and the Experiments Developed Thereof

1570 words - 7 pages alleviate, amnesia. There are two particularly famous amnesiacs, known as HM and EP, who, in efforts to better understand their condition, scientists developed new tests and procedures to evaluate brain function and attempt to determine what parts of the brain are responsible for memory. The purpose of this work is to explain the conditions of HM and EP and to examine how these cases contributed to the exploration of memory storage and disorders

Amnesia of a Dreamer

2823 words - 12 pages The rain beat down upon Marquis’s back, chilling him to the bone while his body strived to provide heat to his extremities. The wind proved a much stronger match against natural body heat and once it blew down onto his soaked clothing everything that had a slight chance of being warm was drenched. His skin felt cold and clammy while the wind continued to harass him with its gnashing teeth. He snarled and continued to push his arms to their limit

Amnesia of a Dreamer

2092 words - 9 pages That night the smell of Chinese food remained in Gavin’s apartment as a consequence for ordering out. Making sure that the Chinese restraint was legit and had better ratings than ChingKongs Restaurant and Dinner, he decided to finish the day out right with delivery that came in practically what had felt like seconds from hitting the end button on the phone after ordering. Gavin placed his empty bowl on the floor and slid his legs up and onto the

Similar Essays

Anterograde Amnesia Essay

1472 words - 6 pages or choosing to make a film based on the disorder, some viewers will argue if the film has portrayed the disorder accurately and whether the public has taken notice to the disorder. Screenwriter, Jonathan Nolan and Christopher Nolan, portrayed the psychological disorder, Anterograde Amnesia, in their film “Memento.” Anterograde Amnesia (AA) is commonly known as short term memory loss. It is the inability to form any new memories after a

Childhood Amnesia Essay

3061 words - 12 pages Childhood Amnesia A fundamental aspect of human memory is that the more time elapsed since an event, the fainter the memory becomes. This has been shown to be true on a relatively linear scale with the exception of our first three to four years of life (Fitzgerald, 1991). It is even common for adults not to have any memory before the age of six or seven. The absence of memory in these first years has sparked much interest as to how and why

Paper On Amnesia

1564 words - 7 pages AmnesiaAmnesia is typically defined as partial or total loss of memory. The occurrence of amnesia can arise at any age. Individuals who suffer from amnesia typically remain lucid and preserve their sense of self. Amnesiacs can obtain a perfectly normal appearance despite the amnesia. Moreover, they also have the capacity to read and comprehend words. Based on these facts, researchers have arrived at the conclusion that more than one area in the

Retrograde And Anterograde Amnesia Essay

772 words - 3 pages Retrograde and Anterograde Amnesia "Darling, what did you say was Sue's number?" "I don't remember stripping at Dan's birthday party last year!" "No officer, I don't know what happened after the accident. I can't even remember my name." Amnesia is the partial or complete loss of memory, most commonly is temporary and for only a short period of time. (1). There are various degrees of amnesia with the most commonly occurrence being