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Amplifications Of The Kyoto Protocol. Predictions On Whether Or Not It Will Become A Part Of Our Nation.

2220 words - 9 pages

The purpose of this paper is to give a clearer understanding to the reader about the amplifications of the Kyoto Protocol. Since the protocol has not yet come into force, much of the information documented in this paper is prediction, possible bias or unproven theory and nothing will be certain until the protocol has been through all the necessary steps. The Kyoto protocol, with or without support from the United States, will affect short-term global economic growth and will aide in the improvement of the environment worldwide.In December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly began discussions on climate change starting with the first round in May 1992, just in time for the Earth Summit Conference in Rio de Janeiro. The first round agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions was adopted in March 1994, and the subsequent negotiations of the agreement became known as the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997. The current form of the Kyoto Protocol has already been ratified (passed by the government) by 51 nations as of March 28, 2002. (BMO Nesbitt Burns: The Kyoto Uncertainty; April 11, 2002). Under the terms of the agreement, participating countries have to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 5.2 percent from their 1990 levels by 2008-2012. Greenhouse gases is a term used for gases (like carbon) which are mainly generated as a result of burning fossil fuels like coal, gas and oil. In order for the treaty to come into force it must be ratified by at least 55 countries representing 55% of 1990 levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Only economically developed countries are members of the Kyoto Protocol, therefore large contributors to greenhouse gas emissions such as China, India and Mexico are not participating in this agreement. (http://www.umwelt-deutschland. de/index_englisch.html).The agreement places limits on six greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydroflourocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexaflouride. Each country has its own specific percentages as to how much they need to reduce their emissions, Japan and Canada by 6%, and the EU at an overall of 8%, with each country within the EU having its own specific level such as Norway by 1% and Germany by 7%. Although it may appear that some countries are doing very little to combat the problem of global warming, many of these countries emissions levels have increased drastically since 1990. For example, Norway's emission levels have risen by over 8%; therefore they are actually reducing 9% of their current emissions, which is more than many other EU country. (http://odin.dep.no/md/engelsk/aktuelt/pressem/022021-070065/index-dok000-b-f-a.html).There are many different ways in which countries can meet these targets, such as emission reductions, which can be done domestically and/or in other countries and they can "trade" emissions with other countries. Emissions trading would allow a country to meet its reduction target by buying reduction permits from another country that...

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