An Alternate China Essay

1261 words - 5 pages

An Alternate China

The obituaries that marked Deng Xiaoping's death on February 19, 1999 were extremely outspoken in their praise of the economic reforms he had unleashed on China. However, while getting rich has been glorious for many Chinese, a much larger number, although enjoying some of the reform's benefits live a less capital existence.
We must start back a few years for a proper analysis. On June 4, 1989, there was a massacre that took place in Tinanmen Square in Beijing. It was a military suppression of students and others of a democracy movement. This happened under the Deng regime. Many foreign observers were in agreement that dire economic consequences would most likely result from this political folly. It was seen as though the Communist Party's "hard-liners" had triumphed and consequently any market reforms would end. Measures already implemented to control inflation combined with the brutal killings were probably going to send China into a deep and prolonged recession.
Something strange happened though. Market reforms, far from being abandoned, were instead deepened. From 1991 to 1994, China's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased even more rapidly than it had in the frantic 1980s when China led the world in annual average growth.
This continuing economic boom brought familiar social consequences. While average living standards continued to rise gradually through the mid-1990s, the rewards of economic progress were distributed in an increasingly unequal fashion. The gap between rich and poor, growing since the decade prior, became more and more visible in the 1990s.
There are no official figures on the number of newly rich. Some estimates have said that there may be as many as 10 million millionaires or so in China. This number is so substantial when you think about how the People's Republic is the world's most rapidly growing market for luxury goods. The significance of these numbers may be interpreted in various ways, but it is strikingly clear that China's socialist market economy has quickly produced a bourgeoisie class. This category of people happens to have a powerful stake in the existing Communist order.
Also visible and way more numerous are the 50 to 150 million peasants from economically depressed rural areas who have migrated to the cities in search of work. Living in shantytowns or simply on the streets, the fortunate ones work as low-paid laborers on round-the-clock construction sites. As most of us have observed on TV, young peasant women labor in sweatshops under oppressive conditions. Some are employed as servants, nannies, and housecleaners in the homes of urban professionals. The migrant workers are somewhat of a functional underclass in that they do the work that permanent residents of the city avoid. Just like their counterparts in other capitalist countries, such as ours, they serve to make life comfortable for the well off. One can easily say that the rapid development...

Find Another Essay On An Alternate China

market strategy for exporting red wine to china

2185 words - 9 pages their exposure in China. An alternate contingency plan would be to market their wine solely on the internet. Based on the fact that internet sale of wine and other alcoholic beverages is legal in China.Measurement and ControlsWinworld Winery's operation in China will be decentralized in most aspects of delivery operations. Having a decentralized business will work into China's culture and environment. The use of Chinese workers will help to

CIrculation systems over China. Essay

2034 words - 8 pages . It is this circulation which plays a basic part in maintaining a steady state in the atmosphere and generating the climatic zones which characterise different parts of the earth. China, from its latitudinal location, mostly belongs to the mid-latitudes, with a small part to the low latitudes. It is located at south of Siberia and the north of the tropical Pacific. At this distinctive location, the country is affected by the alternate seasonal

Geographic Distribution of Natural Resources for Energy Production

1485 words - 6 pages was during the Industrial Revolution, whereas the United States has moved on to cleaner sources of energy such as petrol and oil. Another advantage that the United States has over developing nations is the use of alternate methods of power such as Nuclear Power Plants. Developing nations such as China do not have as easy an access to nuclear power due to the uncertainty as to the communist nature of the country. As a result, China has become

CIrculation systems over China

1867 words - 7 pages -westerlies during most of the winter.The pressure pattern at sea-level during summer differs completely from winter conditions. In July, a strong cyclone is located over the north-western Indian-Pakistan subcontinent, with central pressure below 1,000 hPa. Although it covers an extensive area that the circulation around it affects almost all of the continental Asia, the pressure field shows a relatively weak gradient so that for China only a

The Negative Side of Rare Earth Metals

1312 words - 5 pages world, and possibly lead to higher prices for consumers. Even though China is currently controlling over 90 percent of this market, many of the rare earth metals can be mined in the United States. According to James Areddy, writer for The Wall Street Journal “China is building strategic reserves in rare-earth metals, an effort that could give Beijing increased power to influence global prices and supplies in a sector it already dominates

China Today

1394 words - 6 pages The path of economic development can take many alternate routes and contain frequent detours, however, as each nation develops they must confront the root causes of their poverty and past failures. Economist Daron Acemoglu of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology argues that inclusive political and economic institutions aggregate to form an argument based in historical antecedents of countries throughout the world. Moreover, University of

Strategic Growth Plan for Chery Automotive

3161 words - 13 pages consumption. China's adoption of the low carbon economy has resulted in policies such as the consumption tax on cars with larger engines (Reuters, qtd. in China Car Times). Intellectual property regulations and international business regulations also play an important role as Chinese firms begin to compete on an international level.Economically, the outlook for China is not optimistic. In June, Chinese stocks fell, with the CSI falling by 8.1

Global Privacy… Are You Being Watched??

2747 words - 11 pages different story. The Internet Cafe phenomenon has been expanding rapidly in China, providing the citizens with an unforeseen level of freedom of expression and access to outside information. When the power of the Internet and wireless technology hit China, alternate news sources such as the BBC and the New York Times came along as well.3 In China, online forums and mailing lists have become an integral part of an underground movement of

The Sudanese Oil Crisis and It's Impact on U.S. Interests

1218 words - 5 pages the1970’s the Chinese have been investing heavily in Africa. In 1998, the Chinese built an oil refinery and Sudan’s oil pipeline that runs 1500 km to the Red Sea. The communist country imports nearly one third of its oil from Africa. China also provides weapons for oil to the Sudanese government and its controversial policy of non-interference during the humanitarian crisis in Darfur has created issues for China since the secession of the

The Immorality of Child Labor

1305 words - 5 pages families sold their children into labor for money to pay off debts. These children worked off the debt and were a source of income for the family. Today, child labor is illegal in most developed countries. There are strict laws that monitor the jobs, hours, wages, etc. that children have if they do work. An example of these laws, is one that requires all children to go to school until they are 16 years of age before they can drop out and

America Must Reduce Oil Imports

2179 words - 9 pages out. With the discovered oil in American grounds, the nation is able to be self-reliant on oil for at least 2,000 years to come. The fact of the matter is that before this massive supply of underground oil runs out, there will be an alternate form of energy to replace oil. With the high gas prices, the research for alternate energies for oil are already in production. Future vehicles may operate off of natural gas or electricity. Until then

Similar Essays

America's Open Door Policy Essay

1121 words - 5 pages The Open Door Policy is a term in outside issues at first used to allude to the United States strategy in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century sketched out in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note, dispatched in 1899 to his European partners. The arrangement proposed to keep China open to exchange with all nations on an equivalent premise; hence, no global force might have aggregate control of the nation. The strategy

China And Its Culture Essay

2021 words - 8 pages , China is not adapting an alternate plan to reduce the pollutants in the environment. Water pollution goes back way before any of us can remember but China put’s in their fair share. This country only provides 7% of the world’s water but of that 7% 28 of their major lakes are polluted which exceeds 40% of the water that is hazardous. China continues to spend billions of dollars to clean up their lakes and improve the environment and their

Chinese Government Essay

640 words - 3 pages China is a communist state. Communism is defined as: A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all. The President of China is Jiang Zemin; the Vice-President is Hu Jintao; the Premier, State Council is Zhu

Business Plan Essay

2196 words - 9 pages employ local China citizens. This would provide positive publicity for Winworld and increase their exposure in China. An alternate contingency plan would be to market their wine solely on the internet. Based on the fact that internet sale of wine and other alcoholic beverages is legal in China.Measurement and ControlsWinworld Winery's operation in China will be decentralized in most aspects of delivery operations. Having a decentralized business