An Analise Of Chapters 8 And 9 From "La Muerte De Artemio Cruz" Birkbeck, University Of London An Introduction To The Hispanic World Essay

1097 words - 5 pages

Una analise de "El Muerte de Artemio Cruz"- Capitulos 8 & 9
En esta redacción voy a analizar los capitulos 8 y 9 que aunque tratan de temas un poco diferentes, ellos se enfocan en Lorenzo y nos permite entender mejor el mensaje que Fuentes nos intenta transmitir sobre la corrupción y futilidad del idealismo.
En el capítulo 8, la memoria de Cruz transportamos al 12 de agosto de 1934.
Se encuentra en el apartamento de Laura, una de sus amantes que conoció en un concierto. Se revela que Laura se divorciandose de su marido y se mudó a un nuevo apartamiento que esta siendo pagado por Cruz.
Laura recibe una llamada de Catalina que reconsidera comprar el sofá que Laura estaba pensando en vender pues quedaría muy bien en la sala de su nueva casa
Más tarde, Laura pide la Cruz para elegir entre ella y Catalina pero decide no hacer ninguna decisión la abandona en el apartamento
Aunque Laura sólo aparece brevemente en la narración, Fuentes usa a su personaje de forma inteligente para exponer la fragilidad de Cruz.
Antes de este encuentro con Laura, Artemio, que siempre fue egoísta, siempre se vio como el centro de atención de sus mujeres pero Laura desafía esta percepción por caracterizarse primero como un ser humano y apenas después como esposa, amante y amiga.
A fin de que Artemio entienda su actitud y su automonía, él necesita verlo diferentemente pero todavía no está preparad y entonces al dejarla él cierra la puerta con cuidado y la quita de su vida pero no de su memoria una vez que ella regresa, mientras él esta muriendo, para recordarle una oportunidad perdida.
De acuerdo con Lanin Gyurko, Laura es la única mujer en la historia con integridad y coupe
para rebelarse contra él y quien atribuye mayor valor al respeto propio que el amor por Cruz.
Después de la memoria de Laura, la narrativa vuelve al presente. En su lecho de muerte, Cruz es consciente de que Teresa llora cerca. Catalina mandó a Teresa a un internado religioso para que pudiera dedicar todo su tiempo a Lorenzo. Sin embargo, cuando Lorenzo cumplió 12 años, Cruz lo llevó a Cocuya para que pudiera gestionar la hacienda. Cruz nos transporta una vez más por sus memorias, esta vez cuando atravesaba el río a caballo con su hijo Lorenzo y esta fue la última vez que Cruz conversó con Lorenzo. Este informó a su padre que él viajaría en 10 días a España para luchar en la guerra civil.
Fuentes hace un buen uso de ironía lo que es un elemento de narrativa tipica de literatura posmodernista. Aunque Cruz luchó por una revolución en su juventud, él no haría lo mismo en el presente. Lorenzo asume que su padre sigue siendo un hombre honrado pero los lectores sabien que es mentira porque los valores morales de Cruz se han venido a decaer con tiempo.
También es importante notar la repetición de la frase "Cruzamos el río a caballo". Fuentes hace uso de esta repetición a lo largo de la narrativa para reforzar el tema de fantasía contra realidad en la vida de Artemio. Era posible observar anteriormente el uso de...

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