This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Analysis And Evaluation Of The United Nations Peacekeeping Role In Rwanda

4020 words - 16 pages

An Analysis and Evaluation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Role in Rwanda

"Rwanda is the most shameful example of recent failure by the
international community" (House of Commons, 1998/99: v). Under the
peacekeeping leadership of UN more than 800,000 people were killed in
less than 100 days in 1994 (Shawcross 2000). This systematic killing
remains a bitter memory for all who witnessed and survived it.
Rwandans killed Rwandans, decimating the Tutsi population of the
country and also targeting moderate Hutus. Lamentably the peacekeepers
did not prevent the genocide, nor did they stop it once it started.
This failure has left deep wounds within Rwandan society, and
seriously questioned their relationship with the international
community, in particular the United Nations (UN 2000). These wounds
need healing, for the sake of peace and tranquility. Establishing the
truth is a necessity under the circumstance, especially for the United
Nations and also for all those, wherever they may live, who might be
vulnerable to future genocide.

In seeking to establish the truth about the role of UN during the
genocide this article sets out to analyse and evaluate the role of the
various UN systems, in particular the Secretary-General, the
Secretariat, the Security Council and the Member States of the
organisation, during the peacekeeping process. The article will be
divided into three parts. The first part will outline a brief
background of the UN Peacekeeping operations while the second analyzes
an overview of the UN Peacekeeping operations in Rwanda. This will
provide the basis for an evaluation of the UN peacekeeping role. The
analysis will focus in particular on inputs and outputs (to measure
progress against plan and targets) of the UN, while evaluation will be
on outcome (measuring objectives attainment and UN performance) and
impact (assessing the effects of the peacekeeping process on the
Rwandan people). In the conclusion, the essay will endeavour to draw
out key issues for UN failure in the Rwandan genocide and make
recommendations for future interventions.

1.0 General Background of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

"Collective security is the crowning UN Principle. The Charter's very
first article charges its members in the interests of maintaining
international peace and security"(Whittaker, 1995). The term
"Peacekeeping" not found anywhere in the UN Charter came into
existence in May 1948 when the Security Council decided to establish a
field operation to supervise a fragile truce in the first Arab-Israeli
war (Wiseman 1985). Today, hundreds of thousands of individuals, the
vast majority of them soldiers, have served in 53 UN peacekeeping
operations (UN 2000).

Traditionally, the peacekeeping operation involved the deployment of
primary military...

Find Another Essay On An Analysis and Evaluation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Role in Rwanda

About role of the United Nations in the changing World

3994 words - 16 pages (International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda), and the nascent Sierra Leone court. In each case, the role and the centrality of the UN have been different. The United Nations is an organization that has always been based on respect for nation's sovereignties, peace, and judicial cooperation regarding topics which are salient to the current time period. As the entire world moves further into the "technological age", and with the turn of the century coming

Canada role in the United Nations

1880 words - 8 pages Untitled Canada Role In The United Nations Canada is one of the most significant members of the United Nations. Canada plays a big role as UN member in peacekeeping missions like the Suez Crisis and Haiti but also had its failure with other UN members in missions like the Rwanda Genocide and the War-torn Bosnia. Overall Canada is still one of the most important and leading countries of the United Nations but exactly how

United Nations involvement in Rwanda - Humber College - War and Terrorism - Essay

630 words - 3 pages and, most importantly, care for the nearly 4 million displaced persons in camps within Rwanda, Zaire, Tanzania, Burundi and Uganda (Winfield, 1999). The United Nations dispatched peacekeepers under the banner “United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda” (UNAMIR) to implement a mandate that would bring an end to the hostilities between the two parties. However, before the mandate could properly be implemented, the conflict fully started. The

An assesment of the United Nations and why it has failed in its duties

612 words - 2 pages weapons of mass destruction. Libya is a nation where torture and government-sponsored murder are routine, where women have those good old-fashion Muslim human rights and where the government maintains a close relationship - including providing training camps - with terrorist groups. So welcome, Libya, to the Chairmanship - a perfect exemplar of the role of morality, justice, freedom and common sense at play in the contemporary United Nations

Canada's Role in Peacekeeping for the World

1242 words - 5 pages looks to do in these missions is to bring about peace in the areas which are greatly suffering and need some form of sustainable peace. The traditional role of these operations is to ensure long term developmental assistance as well working with the United Nations to ensure the best operations are brought to the table and that they are being done effectively. Peacekeeping doesn’t just involve the military being sent out on operations in an effort

An evaluation into the League of Nations' efforts in the 1920s

577 words - 2 pages The League of Nations was set up to stop war and to bring peace among countries. It believed in discussing the problems and solving them without the usage of the military. In the invasions of Corfu and Bulgaria by Greece and Bulgaria, the League of Nations settled the disputes before the out break of war. However, their actions affected their reputation in many ways.The incident in Corfu started because an Italian officer was killed because he

An evaluation of the role of globalisation in China

878 words - 4 pages most famous one would be the US and Cuba. US and Cuba have an economic embargo on each other that they do not proceed any trading or bilateral activities together. Embargo impedes the import of more advanced technologies and skills from MEDCs like the US. However, the US wouldn't suffer much from this as it has the most GDP and the second highest GDP per capita in the world, lots other LEDCs would export primary and secondary goods to it such as

An evaluation of the role of tradition and cultural heritage in Thai Buddhism

2113 words - 8 pages defined as is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation.In this essay I will focus on the role of Buddhism in Thailand, and how the absence of “pure” Buddhism has led to a compromise of both Buddhist and traditional Thai ideology. The place of gender roles in Buddhism and how Thai roles continue or challenge tradition will be evaluated, as well as how changing Thai ideology in

The Relations of the United States and the United Nations

4987 words - 20 pages impotent and obsolete. In the words of the Wall Street Journal editorial board, the US’s lack of support for the UN would “strip the Council of the pretense of legality and seriousness and remove it as an obstacle to genuine collective security.” Senator Evan Bayh (D-Ind.) commented that, “in terms of the United Nations being a legitimate vehicle for restraining tyrants with weapons of mass destruction, for restraining aggressors, I think

League of Nations and United Nations

945 words - 4 pages authorizes an unprovoked war on Iraq, it will have defeated the purpose for which it was created. If the United Nations Organization is truly interested in peace, it would force Israel, US's closest ally, to end its occupation of the land and people it conquered and which the UN has told it to vacate on several occasions, to no avail. If any country is in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions, and should be forced to comply with them and with

An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program

1436 words - 6 pages Introduction In this paper, a further evaluation and analysis will be conducted on the Marriage Dance (MD) group work conducted by Fei Yue Family Service Centre (FYFSC). Suggested improvements to some aspects of the practice are also mentioned. MD was introduced by FYFSC as a response to the service gap in marriage enhancement for the non-religious. The use of group work as an intervention technique is an alternative method for empowerment as

Similar Essays

India And The United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

6677 words - 27 pages Future of Peacekeeping Operations and their Implications for India", (ed.) Ankush B. Sawant, Sixty Years of India's Contribution to the United Nations, (Authorspress, New Delhi: 2010) p. 280 Yeshi Choedon, "India's Role in UN Peacekeeping Operation: An Analysis of the Rationale of Participation", (ed.) Ankush B. Sawant, Sixty Years of India's Contribution to the United Nations, (Authorspress, New Delhi: 2010) p. 251 Yeshi Choedon, "India's Role

United Nations Peacekeeping Essay

2125 words - 9 pages community. In fact, it represents one of the view points expressed in August 1947, soon after the failure of the first and only round of negotiations concerning the establishment of a transnational army under direct UN command (DEA 33). Since then, the controversy about the role of the United Nations in maintaining global security has remained an ever-current issue, with prominent political personalities contesting the reliability, and even the

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Before And After The Cold War

4029 words - 16 pages 5 2013]. This is the official homepage for the United Nations. I mainly used the sections called: Principles of UN peacekeeping and Mandates and the legal basis for peacekeeping. The Chapter quotation I took from the document: A. Ross Johnson , (May 2003). AN ASSESSMENT OF THE DECADE OF WESTERN PEACE-KEEPING AND NATION-BUILDING IN THE BALKANS . EES Opinion report. 1 Johnson addressed the

Role Of The United Nations Essay

1963 words - 8 pages with an invasion of peacekeeping soldiers. The question could be raised as to whether this is really a limit of power or not, as it lends credibility to the UN's “military”. In comparison, the US military has gotten a reputation for meddling in the affairs of other nations and isn't welcomed nearly as much anymore. If the UN cannot use force to intimidate but only to protect, that might in the long run strengthen the UN in the eyes of nation