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An Analysis Of The Global Poverty

1993 words - 8 pages

Poverty has been a recurring issue for humans all throughout history and continues to be a problem today. Extreme or absolute poverty can be defined as an individual’s inability to supply the basic human needs for life. Currently, twenty-one percent of the developing world lives on less than two US dollars and fifty cents a day (The World Bank), however, the world poverty line is set at one US dollar and twenty-five cents. There is not one specific thing causing poverty to continuously push and shape the actions and lives of people from the beginning of history all the way up until now. Poverty develops because of a great number and mixture of factors including overpopulation, lack of education, environmental problems, and political problems, among other things. Cases of poverty can be found everywhere in the world, but most substantially in developing nations in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Countries that undergo extreme incidences of poverty will likely experience mass emigration, greater risk of war, and great dependency on richer nations which results in high debt. The people living in these countries with much poverty will experience famine and malnutrition, no proper healthcare, difficulty in ability to afford suitable shelter, and higher mortality rates. The world has seen a decrease in amounts of poverty in the last decade, but there is still much improvement to be done. There are things that people can do in everyday life to continue this trend, however, major changes need to be made in the way distribution and use of materials and finances is made.
It is assumed that living in poverty simply means having no money. Absolute poverty is defined as an individual’s inability to supply or have access to the basic human needs for life – that is, food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, healthcare, shelter, education, and information. Income as well as access to services is measures of poverty. The world poverty line is set at one US dollar and twenty-five cents a day according to The World Bank; however that number varies between each country. In 1964, in a joint committee economic, President’s report in the United States Republicans said, “No objective definition of poverty exists… The definition varies from place to place and time to time. In America as our standard of living rises, so does our idea of what is substandard.” So for example, the poverty line set in the United States would differ greatly from the poverty line set in Ethiopia. Looking at this world poverty line set by The World Bank, in 2005 4.09 billion people in developing countries lived above this line, and 1.4 billion were below the line. One in every two children in the world live in poverty (about one billion), six hundred forty million live without adequate shelter, four hundred million have no access to safe water, and two hundred seventy million have no access to health services (Shah). Places in the world with the most extreme cases of poverty are...

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