An Analysis of a Mosque
A Mosque is the place or building serving as a place of worship which
Muslims use to pray and worship Allah. The Mosque is a very important
part of Muslim worship. This is because the Islam religion places
great importance on prayer and worshiping Allah.
All Mosques differ in appearance and size. The main factor affecting
the size of a Mosque is the religious majority of the country. For
example, a person is not going to find many Mosques in a country like
Zimbabwe because the majority of the country’s citizens are Christian.
There might of course be a few Mosques in the country but there would
be very few of them. In Africa, one is most likely to find Muslim
countries in the North of the continent.
All traditional Mosques however, have basic features. I am now going
to look at these:
This is the stand or platform used by the Imam to deliver a speech or
sermon (known as the khutbah), during the Friday prayers
This is a niche meant to show where the qiblah wall is.
This is the wall showing the direction of Makkah
Note: Sometimes Muslims use compasses to find the direction of Makkah
when praying but this is usually when they are on journey.
Ø Washing areas
This is a necessary part in the design of a mosque as Muslims must
approach Allah in a state of purity. This washing is called wudu. The
washing areas are separate for men and women and their design varies
from beautiful fountains in courtyards to simple sinks with taps.
This is where the Mu’adhdhin calls the believers to prayer five times
daily, while facing the Ka’bah in Makkah. The minaret is used only in
Muslim countries because it is an obvious inconvenience to some people
who are not Muslim for the call to prayer to be shouted loudly in a
This is meant to be a representation of the universe created by Allah.
The dome helps to amplify the human voice so that the Imam’s sermon
can be heard. It also helps to circulate the air; this helps
especially in hot countries as it helps the people to concentrate by
keeping them cool.
Because the Islam religion is against any idolatry and worshipping
Allah by images, there are no pictures or statues in a mosque.
However, decorative patterns are used. These range from patterns made
from mosaic tiles to precious stones. The patterns are not allowed to
resemble any of Allah’s creation (animals and plants alike) because
Islam teaches that it is not right for man to try to make any
resemblance of Allah’s creation because he is the sole creator.