The Cold War was a clash over ideological difference and control over
the sphere of influence. Although the Cold War is technically over; many scholars are still fascinated with the events that could have started WWIII, and its impact on U.S. foreign policy. Professor Gaddis thus wrote an impressive book which deals with the
origins and revisionist theories which gave the reader and exceptional background knowledge on the topic. However, he suggested that without accurate research materials, it would be impossible to know what took place in the Kremlin.
Gladdis brilliantly captured the atmosphere of the “Red Scare” which hindered any compromise or trust of the USSR and the United States. He carefully addresses the central issue, which highlights the difference between the U.S., the Marxist philosophy, democracy, and the open door policy of free markets. He argues how America’s isolationist past convinced policy makers and the Roosevelt and Truman administration, it was not the right course to take. He addresses Roosevelt’s speech when he said “We will not accept a world, like the postwar world, like the postwar world of the 1920’s, in which the seeds of Hitlerism can again be planted and allowed to grow. (p.11).
Gladdis argues that unlike the past, the United States would now be involved in world affairs, and would join an international security organization in order to maintain peace. It was through this concept that he reiterated the “Four Freedoms” from fear of all variants of the Wilsonian notion of self-determination, and thus avoiding the mistakes of the past. (11). He discussed how Roosevelt remained steadfast in his resolve with the USSR, and hoped that Stalin’s territorial claims could be satisfied “through a combination of plebiscite and trusteeship techniques” without violation the Atlantic Charter. (p.135). Arguably, the major tensions in the Cold War could be said to be have been U.S. democratic principles, and the need to have free access, versus the Soviet desire for buffer states such as Poland against any future threats. (p.354)
Indeed, the threat to the peace of Europe was of great concern to...