This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Analysis Of Joseph Nye’s Use Of “Soft Power” And Its Relationship With Morality In International Relations

3025 words - 12 pages

An Analysis of Joseph Nye’s Use of “Soft Power” and its Relationship with Morality in International Relations

Recently, the United States has lost a great deal of power in the international arena because of its invasion of Iraq and torture of prisoners of war. The United States holds an incredible edge in military capabilities over any other nation and the US benefits from the largest economy in the world. In a world where there is one single superpower, why is that superpower unable to force-feed policy through coercion or payoff? Theoretically, the US ought to be able to rule the world with a double-edged sword of military muscle and economic supremacy. These tangible aspects of power should be all that US needs to be the prevailing global power, yet it obviously lacks some x-factor if its military and economic preponderance has remained and the US has lost power.

Traditionally, State power has been viewed without concern for morality. In most accounts, morality did not play a role in power, or reacted counterproductively towards power. The main school of thought in International Relations on the concept of State power, realism, is founded on self-interest and follows the mantra “might makes right.” The Realists believe that a nation should only act in a manner which enhances or advances its own national interest at all costs despite morality and the interests of other nations. A nation cannot successfully navigate the muddy waters of International Relations by waging war and imposing trade sanctions upon all of those who oppose that nation. The second viewpoint on State power is based purely in morality. Idealism requires self sacrifice for the overall good of the global community. Physical power should perform as little of a role as possible, if at all. Nations are expected to behave and get along. Both of these theories fail to account for many facets of International Relations. Joseph Nye offers an alternative theory for the construct of State power. He created a system in which State power is broken into two parts; “hard power” and “soft power.” “Hard power” consists of the traditional, tangible aspects of power namely, military and economic power. “Soft power” is the key distinguishing dynamic of Nye’s work from other theories. “Soft power” consists of all other facets of power, such as ideology, foreign policy, culture, stability, prosperity, and membership in international organizations (Bound to Lead 130 and Paradox xi, 8). The modern world is becoming more interconnected and interdependent with one another, hence depending less on “sticks and carrots” and more on “soft power.” The missing link within perceived State power is the role morality plays in actual power. This study will show that “soft power” is implicitly, and at rare times explicitly, founded in moral values.

The definition of morality or what constitutes proper morals is a difficult task and may be explained differently 100 times if one were to ask 100...

Find Another Essay On An Analysis of Joseph Nye’s Use of “Soft Power” and its Relationship with Morality in International Relations

The Nixon Doctrine and Its Effects on International Relations

1341 words - 5 pages external military force. The Vietnam War took place during the Cold War which signified an era in which many of the United States’ international policies were designed with communism in mind. The Vietnam War was simply another chapter in this effort with the main goal of not allowing communism to spread into Vietnam and other developing nations. President Truman in his doctrine simply stated that communism needed to be contained and thus the United

The Civil War in Sudan its Historical Background and its Effects on Comparative Politics and International Relations

1492 words - 6 pages this relationship was cut I believe that the Sudanese government would have a good chance to start peace negotiations with the JEM, SLA, and the United Resistance Front. This would happen because these rebel groups have a personal interest invested against the Janjaweed a group that has ravaged their area for years. As far as the question of whether this is international relations or comparative politics is I believe an argument can be made for

Soft Power Revolution: An Analysis of Social Media and Non-Violent Activism in the New Era

1583 words - 6 pages . Clinton), this is because the people have the power to unite and force their voice to be heard. In the modern age “we are faced by revolutions that were not made by machine guns, but through digital books, screens, and dogmatic doctrines” (Harb, 2011). References: Aron, R. (2009). Peace & war: a theory of international relations. New Brunswick, N.J. [u.a.: Transaction. Barash, D. P., & Webel, C. (2002). Peace and conflict studies

The Power of 'Soft Power' in Cuban Foreign Policy

2476 words - 10 pages Many people think of and remember Cuba as an island filled with picturesque tourist beaches, Che Guevara memorabilia, and quaint fifties cars; but it is much more than that. Ask any one of the countries that engage in foreign relations with Cuba and one would hear positive remarks regarding the systems of Cuban Medical Diplomacy, Yo Si Puedo literacy training, and other aspects of what Joseph Nye calls ‘Soft Power’ (Dominguez 2008). Nye

Globalization and Analysis of Lenovo in an International Market

1345 words - 5 pages capital markets, through the capital, on mergers and acquisitions of foreign companies to expand business control in foreign markets, enhance the international competitiveness of enterprises; ⑤Marketing strategy, this strategy is rely on international marketing activities to promote the brand[5]. Now, Let’s take lenovo as an example to see why it focus on international market and its international marketing strategy which make it succeed. We use

Critical analysis of Hard and soft HRM

923 words - 4 pages hard approach to HRM, as it fits well with the notion that ‘Hard HRM embraces all those elements in employment relations laying emphasis on employee’s compliance, quantitative output, managers, task and the development of the organisation.’ (Ivo, 2006) However, what is interesting is that the policy almost apologises for itself by making a secondary statement regarding the possibility of full and part time work and the possibility of

Critical analysis for theories of international relations

1809 words - 7 pages . Basically speaking, the concept of critical theory as applied in the field of international relations speaks of the criticism made in line with the status quo attached to the ideals of Marx. It is a known fact that before the emergence of the principle of critical theory, the societies are being distributed according to the wealth an individual has. Critical theory is one of the most talked about political concept nowadays and that which is being

Title: international expansion into Japan Its an analysis of the environment of a country (Japan) and a leading Australian organisation in the retail sector (Harvey Norman)

2778 words - 11 pages with Japanese companies are based on strong personal relationships between members of the two firms. In the words of Johnson "The signing of a contract is secondary to the establishment of an enduring relationship based on mutual trust" (Johnson, 2000, p32). If Harvey Norman's relationship would be based upon what the firm has done and its profitability, when working with a Japanese firm, H.N. representatives must also prove that they are

Keohane and Nye’s theories of Complex Interdependence and Transnationalism

1940 words - 8 pages Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye discussed interdependence and transnationalism in their first publication, ‘Power and Interdependence’ released in 1977. The release coincided with the United Nations (UN) decade of Development where states pushed towards economic growth and social advancement. The 70’s was also a particularly quiet time during the Cold War and was when the European Community (EC) really came to fruition. The world was moving

Role of Morality in International Affairs

720 words - 3 pages , have to deal with the consequences. Morality, in the political scene seems to be judged with other standards than morality in the personal or private landscape. Since men will in many cases act in their own interest, rather than in the interest of the community, it is impossible for moral standards to be followed within the international society.As Aristotle perfectly addresses it, "the greatest crimes are caused by excess and not by necessity

Discussion of the relationship about politics and morality with reference to Cicero

1399 words - 6 pages place for moral values even if in war-times that shapes a relationship between politics (in-war situations are to be related with politics) and morality.In a conclusion; if there can be a consideration of honorableness of an action either decided to be done by a people with or without political power, or a consideration of morality in issues such as domestic and foreign policies of states even if in-war situations or keeping promise to an enemy, we cannot say that politics has nothing to do with morality because these considerations reflects the close relationship between politics and morality even if in-war situations or towards to an enemy.

Similar Essays

The Skeptic Theory Of Morality In International Relations

1606 words - 7 pages theory of morality in international relations. Following that I will explore ethics in the Morality of States and Cosmopolitan schools of thought in comparison to Skepticism. Skepticism: Skepticism, often known as realism, is one of the oldest perspectives to observe ethics in international relations. The basic premise of international skepticism is that states are selfish actors and when necessary, a state should act in its self-interested

Why Is Power Central To Realist Perspectives Of International Relations?

1404 words - 6 pages traditional international relations (Guzzini, 2013, pp, 20). “Without the restraints of superior power, men cannot control their impulses to take from others, to react with excessive fear, or to demand greater respect than others are willing to give freely (Donnelly, 2000, pp. 15).” In human nature competition, diffidence, and glory is managed by superior power which taps in another way of the core motive of fear which cannot be eliminated (Donnelly

International Relations And Its Three Theories

1657 words - 7 pages principle of dominance unlike the other theories that tend to be rooted in reciprocity and identity. (G&P,44). Realism and its adherence, called realist, tend to explain international political power as being separate from and over those of ideology, morality, ethics, or other economic and social areas of social science.( G&P 43) Realists hold that states form their choices by operating as autonomous actors acting with the goal of rationally

The Power Of The Imagination And Its Relationship To Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

2340 words - 9 pages understand. The Creature embarks on an educational quest to learn the language of these people so to create a relationship with them. He creates many scenarios in his mind of the interaction between himself and friends which he relays to Victor saying, I formed in my imagination a thousand pictures of presenting myself to them, and their reception of me. I imagined that they would be disgusted, until, by my gentle demeanour and conciliating words, I