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An Analysis Of Somali, Guatemalan And Afghani Culture And The Role Of Parents In The Education Of Children From The Perspectives Of Home, Country ...

844 words - 4 pages

America has always been home to many varieties of immigrant populations throughout the test of time. Yet, little is devoted to develop understanding of the diverse cultural backgrounds of these populations. Without a deep cultural understanding of these groups, a society cannot sufficiently give the resources necessary to allow for human flourishing. This is well clear in the USA with regards to our education system. While there are many flaws in the philosophy of the current education system with regards to how we teach diverse pupils, there are many flaws on how we interpret behaviors because of our miniscule attempts at gaining an understanding of the culture are not successful. With the investigating of three diverse cultural groups (Somali, Guatemalan and Afghani), I will attempt to shed light on cultural roles of parents from the perspective of education in their homes, country of origin and with regard to education in the USA.

Somalia

Somalia also called the Official Republic of Somalia, borders Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gulf of Aden and the indian ocean. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic. Somalis belong ethnically to the Cushitic-speaking family. This family includes Afar of Djibouti, Eritrea and the Awash Valley, along with the Oromo and Boran of Ethiopia and Northern Kenya (Lewis, I. M. Understanding, 1). Somalis attach great importance to oratory and poetry as, “Somali had no written form until 1972, when a Somali script, based on the Roman alphabet, was adopted. Until that time, English and Italian served as the languages of government and education” (Putnam). With the implementation of script, it became a medium for instruction and educational opportunities grew. Basic education became compulsory but secondary education was only available to a minute section of Somalis.

Somali is pastoral nomadic culture- herding camels, sheep, goats and cattle (60 to 70 percent are nomadic or have nomadic affiliation) (Lewis, I. M. Understanding, 3). Their current economy is informally based off livestock, remittances, and telecommunications. However, a large part of their economy is estimated to come from their migrant workers who work in the neighboring Arab states in the oil sector (Awde, 5-6). In lieu of official banks, their informal economy facilitated the transfer of credit in the form of payment from most parts of the world (Lewis, I. M. Understanding, 99).

Somalia has been under rule of many unstable forms of governments, leaving the country in continuing conflict and ravaged economically. Even with the years of partition within the nation, civil war and war with other nations, foreign debt, drought and...

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