Cultural Analysis of the Book: “The Kite Runner”
According to dictionary.com culture is: “The integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that is both a result of an integral to the human capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. Culture thus consists of language, ideas, beliefs, customs, taboos, codes, institutions, tools, techniques, and works of art, rituals, ceremonies, and symbols.” Keeping this definition in mind it is quite easy to recognize the differences between Afghanistan culture and the culture of the United States. Additionally the amount of cultural stress that both main characters must have encountered when they relocated from Afghanistan to the United States. This essay will examine the cultural stress and differences that the character Baba went through with his relocation from Afghanistan to the United States.
Baba was born in Kabul Afghanistan in 1933, the year Zahir Shah became king of Afghanistan. This is important because Zahir would be the last king of Afghanistan and the end of an open Afghani society. Baba was not born in to a prominent family and although he was uneducated he had become one of the areas richest and most prominent citizens. The author describe Baba as a tall man being 6 feet five inches tall with a beard and curly hair, He also describes Baba has having a strict moral compass and being a very determined individual, everything people said he could never do, or succeed at; he did, and accomplished great success while doing it. In the period of Zahir Shah American and western culture was becoming quite prevalent in Afghani daily life they drank coke, and watched American movies that had been dubbed into Farsi, Baba even drove a Ford Mustang. In the mid to late 1970’s the popular culture began to shift with popular clerics saying everything was a sin against Allah which eventually lead to a coupe by the kings cousin turning Afghanistan into a republic.
While there was always a certain amount of separation in Afghani culture which could be seen in the differences between the rich and the poor; the Sunni and the shih; the Hazara and the Pashtun. The rich people had cars and servants and lived in grand houses, whereas the poor people live in mud huts and walked everywhere it also says you can see the difference based on their health. The Wealthy Afghans have more power and influence then the poorer citizens. The Sunni and Shih are two types of Muslim similar to how Catholics and Protestants are two different forms of Christianity both have the same core beliefs while they differ and practices, rites and some celebrations. In Afghanistan the Sunni Muslims are more prevalent and thus have more power. The Hazara are people who came from the east and have more Asian features, while the Pashtun have more Arabic features and are the dominate culture. Hazara’s are subject to frequent abuses and harassment of the Pashtun.
In the time of the Afghani republic...