An Analysis Of The Populist And Progressive Era

1945 words - 8 pages

In the words of Thomas Jefferson, “A wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government, and this is necessary to close the circlue of our felicities.” (Jefferson, 1801) This idea echoed far beyond it’s time and into the minds and hearts of the Populist’s, and became the center and the driving force of the Progressive era. During the gilded age railroads were being built, Industrialization was rising, the population of United States was increasing dramatically; and corporate businesses were becoming extremely powerful. The gilded age was known for its corruption and business domination, it wasn’t until the Populist movement when people started to fight back and also not until the Progressive movement when people started changing the government system.
During the nineteenth and twentieth century monopolizing corporations reigned over territories, natural resources, and material goods. They dominated banks, railroads, factories, mills, steel, and politics. With companies and industrial giants like Andrew Carnegies’ Steel Company, John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company and J.P. Morgan in which he reigned over banks and financing. Carnegie and Rockefeller both used vertical integration meaning they owned everything from the natural resources (mines/oil rigs), transportation of those goods (railroads), making of those goods (factories/mills), and the selling of those goods (stores). This ultimately led to monopolizing of corporations. Although provided vast amount of jobs and goods, also provided barbarous working conditions and high living expenses. During these two centuries people in rural and urbanized areas revolted against the domination over life, liberty, and property due to these tyrannical and corruption during and after the gilded age.
In the rural regions where agriculture was rich and a main source of income, farmers had to put up with high tariff prices, costly goods, low profits, and price cuts to 4.6 cents a pound. This ultimately led to the forming of the Populist movement in the 1890’s. Low profits impacted the farmers tremendously as the cost of vital materials and equipment was too costly for these poor tenant farmers. Unable to pay for seeds and other vital materials, farmers had to deal with other costly obstacles such as the transportation and taxation of their agricultural goods. With nowhere to turn, they were forced to get high interest loans from banks. Seeping deeper into debt and fear of losing their farms, white farmers gathered and formed The Farmer’s Alliance in the 1870’s. This alliance helped farmers break free from banks by forming alliances with the government. At first The Farmer’s Alliance aided farmers by loaning farmers the money to help settle their debts with the banks and...

Find Another Essay On An Analysis of the Populist and Progressive Era

Presidents of the Progressive Era Essay

829 words - 4 pages The progressive era was a period of social activism and political reform in the United States. The political climate was ripe for reform and America was seeking leaders who could provide a new, more beneficial direction. Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson were two of the most renowned presidents of this era. One kindred goal of both of these presidents was to monitor and rectify large trust and monopolies in the U.S. Despite the fact that

“The Progressive Era and the Occupy Movement”

1777 words - 7 pages Progressive Movement” (Sachs). With the public returning to familiar senses of accusations and criticism towards capitalist “tyrants”, a strong resemblance to the past Progressive Era of the early 1900’s cannot be overlooked. Although differences do exist between the two influential movements (most notably the roles held by both advanced technology and the federal government), the many similarities – the push for reform and the presence of economic

The Progressive Era

1273 words - 5 pages The beginning of the twentieth century was a time of great social change and economic growth in the United States. The progressive era was a time in which Americans were innovating in social welfare. In the progressive period the government needed to take action in the role of economy, regulating big business, immigration, and urban growth. Once the great depression happened in which America’s economy faltered people started to panic. For

The Progressive Era

742 words - 3 pages The Progressive Era The progressive era was a time of great change, the way people thought and what they did began to change quickly. Industry and business also changed a great deal in this era, with the many new inventions and strong businessmen things where rapidly changing. The progressive era lasted about 40 years, from 1879-1920. In 1879 Tomas Edison invented the electric light, I guess you could say he just lit the way for may other

The Progressive Era

1087 words - 4 pages or the Playground Association of America. Also unlike most movements, instead of one major group of people being the source of votes, the Progressive movement engulfed people from all over the social status line. Laborers, the middle class, women, and even the upper class were behind this radical change for America. Key people like Jane Addams and Gifford Pinchot fueled the fire for the Progressive era changing America forever.The heavy

The Progressive Era

1683 words - 7 pages could see the progress that was coming. “While Bourne thought transnationalism was to a degree already achieved in America, it was also an ideal toward which America should continue to strive” (Fischer, 155). The United States of America is currently seen as a country where people can come to be free and express themselves in any way that they want. This may have been the illusion during the Progressive Era, but it was not the truth. During

THE PROGRESSIVE ERA

723 words - 3 pages step.The progressive era started in the west, where progressives believed that government is responsible for cleaning up the corruption caused initially by the Industrial Revolution. It was clear why progressives felt the need to clean up American society. Robert Lofollete, a Republican who fought for the rights of the farmer and laborer, began progressivism at the state level. His contribution helped start the progressive era successfully. Once

The Importance of The Gilded Age and The Progressive Era To the Development of American Society

1049 words - 4 pages The Gilded age and the Progressive Era are time periods that played an important role in the development of the American society. The Gilded Age is a period of American history between 1870 and 1900. This term was coined by Mark Twain in the late 1800s. By this, he meant that this period was glittering on the surface but corrupt underneath ("Learn About the Gilded Age"). The Gilded Age is well known for its political scandals and extravagant

Women in the Progressive Era: Relentless Pursuit of Liberty and Equality

1561 words - 6 pages “Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God." The exacerbation of issues that plagued America for centuries combined with the disturbing realities of urban and factory life gave birth to the Progressive Movement—a movement composed of a diverse coalition that sought to improve modern industrial society and American democracy. This period spawned many ardent American activists. Social critics such as Upton Sinclair, Jacob Riis, and Jane Adams

The Progressive Era: Conflicting Viewpoints

1703 words - 7 pages of evidence were sound. Also, the particular known views of the historian were occasionally taken into account. Each of these works has its own particular view on the Progressive Era and its importance in history. In The Age of Reform, Richard Hofstadter reviews both the Populist and Progressive movements from a psychological standpoint. He maintains that both were groups, Populist farmers and Progressive long- established wealthy

The Impact of the Progressive Era on Society

702 words - 3 pages Teddy Roosevelt changed America forever with his ‘speak softly and carry a big stick’ policy. This policy was a kick-start to the progressive era, in which many strove to achieve social change and improvement. There is reason to believe that progressive movements had little effect oh society. However, through progressive presidents, awareness of factory conditions, and activists seeking to broaden rights, several amendments were passed between

Similar Essays

The Populist And Progressive Movements Essay

548 words - 2 pages The Populist and Progressive Movements The Populists and Progressive were form of movement that occurred during the outbreaks of the workers union after the civil war. The populists began during the late 1800s.The progressive began during the 1900s. There are many differences between these two movements, but yet these movements have many things that are similar. Farmers united to protect their interests, even creating a major

Progressive Era: The Era Of Immigration, Race, And Women’s Rights

2557 words - 10 pages Introduction: The Progressive era was a period of reform in American history that spanned roughly from the 1890s to the 1920s. Prohibitions, segregation, women's suffrage and immigration arose during this time, like many of the social reforms that shape the way we live and work today. The progressive era in the United States one of the most important times in history with brought permanent changes to the American ways of living. All of these

An Analysis Of The Populist Party's Premature Fall Into Obscurity.

958 words - 4 pages An Analysis of the Populist Party's Premature Fall into ObscurityQuestion: After its startling successes of the late 1880's and early 1890's, why did the Populist Party quickly fade into oblivion after 1896?Key Words: Analyze - examine the motives; answer the questionTime Period: 1880's-1900Geography: United States of America, specifically the MidwestType of History: Political, EconomicalThesis: While a number of factors contributed to the

The Industrial And Progressive Era Essay

1810 words - 7 pages through the suffocation of the greed and power of the railroad owners and the factory owners to improve their position in society during the Industrial Revolution. As the Progressive Era became a time of equal rights and better conditions, farmers and workers had already established their place in society and became protected by the government since they were two very important elements in the American economy.The motto of the ancient world until