Abortion in America is a controversial issue in which both
sides have valid arguments at face value. The pro-choice side has many
arguments to support it belief in keeping abortion legal. Many of these are
faulty, and argue points irrelevant to the issue as I will attempt to
illustrate, thereby eliminating the main pro-choice arguments.
The pro-life position has somewhat different ideas. The most
popular of these is: The unborn entity is fully human from the moment of
conception. Abortion results in the intentional death of the unborn entity.
Therefore, abortion can be defined the intentional killing of a human being.
This killing is in most cases unjustified, since the unborn human being has a
full right to life. If, however, there is a high probability that a woman's
pregnancy will result in her death (such as tubal pregnancy, for example),
then abortion is justified. For it is a greater good that one human should
live (the mother) rather than two die (the mother and her child). Or, in
such cases the intent is not to kill the unborn but to save the life of the
mother. With the exception of such cases, abortion is an act in which an
innocent human being is intentionally killed; therefore, abortion should be
made illegal, as are all other such acts of killing.
One argument made by people in favor of abortion is an
appeal to pity. When one fallaciously argues by appealing to pity, one is
arguing that certain actions should be permitted or tolerated out of pity for
those performing them when in fact the basis for showing them pity is not a
legitimate basis for the action. For example, a woman who argues that she
should not receive a parking ticket because her child was crying and she took
her child to a candy store to cheer her up is appealing to pity. The
following abortion rights arguments are examples.
Anyone who goes to pro-choice demonstrations in the United
States will see on pro-choice buttons a drawing of a coat hanger. This is the
symbol of the pro-choice movement representing the many women who were harmed
or killed because they either performed illegal abortions on themselves
(i.e., the surgery was performed with a "coat hanger") or went to physicians.
That means, if abortion is made illegal, then women will once again be
harmed. This argument does sound true. Although the thought of finding a dead
young woman with a bloody coat hanger dangling between her legs is
unpleasant,and powerful, it does not make a good argument.
The reason this argument doesn't work is because it is begging
the question. In fact, this lie hides behind a good percentage of the popular
arguments for the pro-choice position. One begs the question when one assumes
what one is trying to prove is correct.
The question-begging of the coat-hanger argument is very obvious: but only by
assuming that the unborn are...