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An Argument Against Abortion Essay

1025 words - 4 pages


Abortion in America is a controversial issue in which both

sides have valid arguments at face value. The pro-choice side has many

arguments to support it belief in keeping abortion legal. Many of these are

faulty, and argue points irrelevant to the issue as I will attempt to

illustrate, thereby eliminating the main pro-choice arguments.

The pro-life position has somewhat different ideas. The most

popular of these is: The unborn entity is fully human from the moment of

conception. Abortion results in the intentional death of the unborn entity.

Therefore, abortion can be defined the intentional killing of a human being.

This killing is in most cases unjustified, since the unborn human being has a

full right to life. If, however, there is a high probability that a woman's

pregnancy will result in her death (such as tubal pregnancy, for example),

then abortion is justified. For it is a greater good that one human should

live (the mother) rather than two die (the mother and her child). Or, in

such cases the intent is not to kill the unborn but to save the life of the

mother. With the exception of such cases, abortion is an act in which an

innocent human being is intentionally killed; therefore, abortion should be

made illegal, as are all other such acts of killing.

One argument made by people in favor of abortion is an

appeal to pity. When one fallaciously argues by appealing to pity, one is

arguing that certain actions should be permitted or tolerated out of pity for

those performing them when in fact the basis for showing them pity is not a

legitimate basis for the action. For example, a woman who argues that she

should not receive a parking ticket because her child was crying and she took

her child to a candy store to cheer her up is appealing to pity. The

following abortion rights arguments are examples.

Anyone who goes to pro-choice demonstrations in the United

States will see on pro-choice buttons a drawing of a coat hanger. This is the

symbol of the pro-choice movement representing the many women who were harmed

or killed because they either performed illegal abortions on themselves

(i.e., the surgery was performed with a "coat hanger") or went to physicians.

That means, if abortion is made illegal, then women will once again be

harmed. This argument does sound true. Although the thought of finding a dead

young woman with a bloody coat hanger dangling between her legs is

unpleasant,and powerful, it does not make a good argument.

The reason this argument doesn't work is because it is begging

the question. In fact, this lie hides behind a good percentage of the popular

arguments for the pro-choice position. One begs the question when one assumes

what one is trying to prove is correct.

The question-begging of the coat-hanger argument is very obvious: but only by

assuming that the unborn are...

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