This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Comparison Of Ancient Cultures: Greece And Rome.

1212 words - 5 pages

Greco-Roman history is very complex. The two civilizations developed at dramatically different rates, as well as different times in history, and comparison is both difficult and easy. It is easy to compare Greece and Rome because both societies are in relatively the same area, situated on the same major body of water: The Mediterranean. However, it is also very difficult to compare Greek and Roman cultures because of the very fact that Greece is a country, or back then, a very large group of city-states, and Rome is a single city. There are many differences in the social structure, the treatment of women and slaDiscrepancies appeared in many elements of the social structure. They way women were treated in both societies was dissimilar. In the ancient Greek city-states "women has no political role...and were rarely ever seen outside the family compound" (Sindelar, p.35). Women in the ancient world, especially in Greece were seen as "property" of their fathers', and, after marriage, of their husbands'. Even at birth, the father had the right to choose whether the baby should live or die, and often the reason for letting the infant die was just because it was born a female. In adult roles, women were married young usually to males considerably older than they, had very few civil rights, and hardly any legal rights; they could not vote, they could not even roam about the town without a specific reason. They could not attend most events on the public forum, with a few exceptions. These women, although the male was figure-head of the household, dominated Greek home life, and their duties around the house were mainly keeping order within the household and rearing the children. But since Greek society was slave-based, female slaves were expected to do the household chores such as cooking and cleaning in a well-off household. Females in Greece were controlled by the men in society from birth to death.In Rome, however, specifically under the Pax Romana, women were given greater freedom, especially in their public life. Roman women were expected to be servile to their husbands, and remained "in guardianship even when they have attained their majority" (Twelve Tables, Sindelar, p.70), but they had greater freedom in regards to the way they were treated by their male counterparts. Marriage in Roman culture was "companionate," based on the equality in marriage today (King, p.164), but as in Greek society, wives were often confined to their homes and expected to complete domestic tasks. Women, especially those of the upper classes, were permitted to attend public events as their husband's companion. Rome, under the Pax Romana, unlike Greece, was not seen as a male-only world. In the city itself, women did not have an official role, but "they were often used as the cement in political alliances" (Women in Roman Politics, Sindelar, p.67). Though the domestic lives of women in Greek and RomanLike women, slaves played an integral role in keeping Greek and Roman...

Find Another Essay On A Comparison of Ancient Cultures: Greece and Rome.

Ancient Civilizations And How They Relate To Today. Speaks Of Ancient Egypt, Rome And Greece

4893 words - 20 pages . The schools strongly pushed history, which the children recited out loud. The children also learned practical skills such as: reading, writing, and public speaking.Rome is also known for it's large empire. Roman armies conquered parts of Spain, Macedonia, and Greece. As the empire grew, Rome subdued many states that Alexander the Great had conquered. By 44 BC, Rome controlled a vast empire of diverse peoples. Rome is known for their great

Similarities in the Artwork of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece

1028 words - 4 pages The artworks of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece have similarities that not only reflect objects and images, but also the media, style and representation. These countries were not always wealthy, clever, creative and powerful enough to gain supplies, but they all find a way to create art with what they had. They have all influenced on each other’s cultures and belief through their artistic values and ways

Contributions to Western Civilization Made by Ancient Greece and Rome

2072 words - 8 pages some of the ancient world’s greatest writers, leaders, and philosophers. The cultures of ancient Greece and Rome made a number of contributions to western civilization in the form of advancements in literature, architecture, art, government, and philosophy. The ancient Greeks and Romans made a variety of contributions to western civilization in the field of literature. Both of these ancient cultures produced a variety of literary works which

How did omens and prophesy influence citizens and government in ancient Greece and Rome?

836 words - 4 pages at this time, and understanding can be reached on how these omens ruled their lives. Though these omens may have come from a very similar religion, the governments treated these prophesies in different ways. In Greece omens were opposed by many government leaders, because these leaders were trying to keep religion and government separate. In Rome, however, the government was created by omens and the region was connected to government throughout its existence. Thus omens and prophesies have greatly influenced the citizens and government in these ancient civilizations and prove that the effects of these omens are evident in all aspects of life during this time.

The transformation from regional to world powers in both Han and Rome was inspired by the customs and ideas of previous cultures In this essay, a comparison of the two areas can be found

1955 words - 8 pages The transformation from regional to world powers in both Han and Rome was inspired by the customs and ideas of previous cultures - the Han forming its powerful empire on the ancient Qin dynasty's institutional ways along with Confucius' intellectual power and Rome on Mediterranean predecessors. Although these empires had no real contact with each other, they had much in common. The Roman and Han empires had many similarities including rule

Ancient Greece - A Time Of Great Cities And Lives

533 words - 2 pages Ancient Greece was an interesting time and place with huge markets inwhich people could sell items of every kind. Strict laws with even stricterpenalties if broken, a place where women were did not have as many rights as they do today,and along with the most outstanding army in their time. A quote that goes along with thistime is; 'I have killed one I have killed two -- the vampire who said he was youo.' -Sylvia Platts.Likewise in the Ancient

The United States of Greece and Rome

1151 words - 5 pages On this planet there is only the one sure way to ensure peace, government. Luckily throughout history there have been big societies that helped countries establish governments of their own. One of the biggest and well shaped government is the democracy of the United States of America. The U.S. had two societies in particular to look to for guidance, and those two were ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The U.S. Government is among the most

A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture (

1596 words - 6 pages some type of integrity and acumen, and yet there were no formal schools in Ancient Greece. Those lucky enough to receive some type of intellectual training obtained it first from their parents, and then from other citizens acting in the capacity of mentors. Of these mentors, the Sophists would charge a fee for their services. While the knowledge they possessed was in high demand from eager pupil, Socrates stated one should take caution with whom

the civilazition of greece and rome

1200 words - 5 pages Research Paper Assignment: Topic and BibliographyTopic1. Select the topic for your research paper. This is the theme you will use to compare and contrast two different civilizations.From the list below, choose a topic that will be the focus of your research paper.Conflict Women Culture 2. Select two c ivilizations to c ompare and contrast in your research paper.Based on the topic you chose, select two civilizations that you will compare and

Rome, Egypt and Greece

793 words - 4 pages or a combination of these events can bring about the collapse of a civilization. No ancient civilization would survive today due to religious, governmental and social reasons. Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans invoked divine support for their wars and empires. Religious devotion to their gods was considered to be a key component of loyalty to their state. Rulers, such as pharaohs of Egypt, emperors of Rome, and Alexander the Great were

The Geography and climate of ancient greece

671 words - 3 pages because the water regulates it. The area also got a lot of rain and not much other precipitation though. During the summer it was regularly sun and warmer temperatures and in the winter there was frequently an on and off rainfall.The on land transportation systems in Ancient Greece were very primitive compared to the present day systems. Only the cities really had roads and they were not very easy to drive on. They were very well organized though

Similar Essays

Ancient Greece And Ancient Rome Essay

636 words - 3 pages When comparing Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, anyone can see that there are many differences including geography, art and architecture, and religion. There was also a big difference in the division of social classes of both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. In Greece, their society was divided into slaves, freedmen, citizens and women. On the other hand, Rome had slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians. While women were not considered to be

Ancient Rome And Anceint Greece Essay

818 words - 4 pages Each starting out as small city-states, ancient Rome and ancient Greece both grew into large empires. Powerful leaders and significant decisions led each civilization down the path to prosperity. Each grain of choice and accord made a vast impact for the later generations. From the similar roles of religion and the comparable economy to the contrasting achievements, both ancient civilizations were quite successful; yet the Greeks deserved the

Slavery In Ancient Greece And Rome

1601 words - 6 pages Slavery was the practice of taking a human being and making them do the work of another by force. This was practiced through out the ancient world and especially in Rome and Greece. Slaves were nothing more than just property to the ancient peoples. They didn't have the rights of citizens nor were they able to do what they want in most cases. Slaves had many tasks that they had to do, many of which included taking care of the masters house and

Government In Ancient Greece And Rome

1596 words - 6 pages America and the Constitution. Ancient Greece was not a unified nation. The Greek peninsula contained several islands with mountainous terrain, which made travel and communication difficult. Therefore, each community developed their own political systems, known as city-states. These city-states then formed their own system of government, which varied greatly among them. Corinth, for example, was an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a system of