An Essay Explaining The Main Outlines Of The Genre Of Television News

1707 words - 7 pages

Understanding TelevisionAssignment TwoShane GladstoneChose a television genre. Outline its distinguishing characteristics and discuss its place in the medium of television today. Make reference to at least two programmes in your answer.Selected genre - Television News: The BBC'From the 1950's onwards numerous surveys of public opinion have demonstrated that the public learns about world news primarily from television.' (Mullan, B 1997:80)News tells stories. The stories of our society both good and bad and as a television genre it is something we could not live without. Reporting daily and ongoing events around the world in a spoken word / image hybrid of everyday journalism. Television News is widely regarded as THE mass medium, the only constantly reliable information source to appear on our screens. Even though technological advances and the ongoing development of the Internet have enforced demise in media control. The explosion of Digital Television and News 24, both giving you up to the minute access and ongoing progress reports 24hrs a day shows why it deserves its status as a primary force with the medium of television today. Each station follows a similar linear structure and operates around the same stylistic ideals, however 'News comes in a variety of shapes and sizes: simply compare, for example, the rolling, reporter led CNN news, the more 'entertaining' News at Ten, the discursive Channel 4 programme of the early evening, and the conventional and painstakingly presented BBC bulletins.'(Mullan, B 1997:80) and you will see many differences in style, conventions, pace and structure.I have chosen The BBC and it's flagship channel BBC 1 as a model for my study into the genre of television news. This decision was made primarily on the basis of The BBC's dedication to the genre. Here is an example of how news programmes dominate the channels daily schedules: Typical day's listings (Wednesday 4th December 02)6:00 - 9:15amBreakfast3hrs & 15mins1:00 - 1:30pmNational30mins1:30 - 1:45pmLocal15mins6:00 - 6:30pmNational30mins6:30 - 7:00pmLocal30mins10:00 - 10:25pmNational25mins4:10 - 6:00amNews 242hrs 10 minsWe are exposed to 7hrs, 45 minutes and 16 seconds of news bulletins a day, from The BBC alone. This shows just how vital a genre the news programme is to our television schedules and society. The daily framework this schedule adheres to is used by society like a talking clock. Associating the morning news with breakfast time, the midday news with lunchtime, the early evening news with dinner and the late bulletin with bed. The news has become synonymous with human behavioural patterns and the intended target audience varies depending on the time of the day. For example, the early evening news is seen by the corporation as a lead into prime-time viewing and catches the family at its most nuclear: possibly discussing their day over a meal? Also coinciding with the period involving the father of the homes return from work. Hungry and in need...

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