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An Essay On Change And Continuity

2446 words - 10 pages

Change: - Telecommunications and computersThe way people communicateExchange informationContinuity: - Values, customs, attitudes of people don't change.Remain the same even in the face of changeRevolution.Turning upside down or complete changeIn the way people think/ Government/ Ownership of property/ Values, belief of societyBasic aim- to destroy the past- build a new society based on a vision of what the new order should be.Violent, sudden overthrow of an existing system- replacing it with a new political, social and economic orderAgricultural RevolutionAgrarian- of the land/ agriculturalAgricultural Revolution (1760 onwards) entailed:Increase in agricultural productionMajority of land was ruralEverybody involved in agricultural activitiesMost of land owned by wealthy aristocratsImportant in Britain- had to feed nation- little was imported1700ís population began to expand rapidly- farming methods changedOn Arable land- 3 Field system was usedFarming began to become profitable- farmers experimented with new methodsWar lead to a greater demand for wheatBritain imported wheat cheaplyDemand increased- supply dwindledEnd of Napoleonic wars- government increased the corn lawsProtected British Farmers against competitionImposed high tariffs on wheat- guaranteed large profit1784- 1914 agriculture went into declineWet patches led to grain loss and sheep to die.Industrial RevolutionRural- in the countryUrban- in the cityIndustrial RevolutionBritain over 2 centuriesAspects of society affectedPopulation expanded rapidly- people moved to towns to find workFarming techniques changed- new machineryTrade grew rapidlyOverseas trade grew rapidly due to colonizationTransportation & communication improvedMigration- movement of people from one place to anotherUrbanization- process where an area is turned into town/ cityProtest and ChallengeProtestBoycotts- refuse to work/ participate in something you donít supportPetitions- written form, signed by many peoplePicketing- People display written signs outside their workplace to persuade others to strikeStrike- refusing to workTrade Union- organization of workers from same industry- form to protect rights and interestsPolitics and PowerDiscrimination- unfavourable treatment, unjust differentiation/ distinction on the basis of gender/ racePrejudice- perceived opinion/ thoughtHuman RightsRights put forward by "The Declaration of the Rights of Man"LibertyRight to ownPosses propertyRight to securityRight to resist oppressionMaking of the lawFreedom of speech and pressWomen omitted from the DeclarationChildren enjoy the rights of education, protection, nutrition, safety and loveFound in a country's constitutionDemocracyAutocracyAll adult citizens have a right to voteAll power is exercised by an absolute rulerFeatureFeaturesSocial EqualityToleranceAbsence of class distinctionBasic FreedomState control of all citizens1 political partyAnti- democraticPresence of secret policePress censorshipRestrictive...

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