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An Essay On Cultural Change Management

2307 words - 9 pages

Organisations are dynamic settings in that they are continually changing. To change something means either altering, varying or modifying it in some way. Changes have occurred gradually in organisations since the days of F.W. Taylor, from the methods he used, to the mechanisation and automatic production lines of modern industry. (Handy c. 1993)The organisation is typically viewed as an open system in constant interaction with its context, transforming inputs into outputs as a means of creating the conditions necessary for survival. Traditional theories have been dominated by the idea that change originates in the environment both internal and external. Changes in the environment are viewed as presenting challenges to which the organisation must respond. Certainly contingency theorists and population ecologists believe that the major problems facing modern organisations stem from changes in the environment.According to contingency theory organisations need adjustment in order to meet environmental conditions. In this process organisations often face resistance to change. One cannot expect everyone in an organisation to respond in an identical manner to specific change proposals. Different individuals and groups are likely to be affected in different ways and are also likely to perceive the implications differently from those proposing to implement the change (Buchanan and Huczynski p.467 1997)Humerto Maturano and Francisco Varela, two Chilean scientists (Gareth Morgan p.236) challenged this system's approach and argued that all living systems are organisationally closed, autonomous systems. However, an effective organisation is one which satisfied the demands of those constituencies in its environment whose support it needs to survive. There is also another view which states that only those constituencies in the environment which can threaten the organisation`s existence should be appeased. Yet another view holds that the concept of organisational effectiveness is subjective and that the true measures of an organisation`s effectiveness is from the point of view you take in relation to the organisation. Thus organisational change can come about through effective action.Before change in an organisation is effected, it is important to promote what behavioural scientists call Organisational Development (OD). This concept can be considered as an approach to the introduction of planned change, concentrating on the process of change rather than the content. It involves a number of techniques which are designed to build a more effective organisation. OD aims to help the organisation gain some insights into its own processes. The emphasis is in creating a more flexible open-minded organisation which is more responsive and receptive to change and where people can recognise the need for change and implement action themselves (R.C. Appleby 1991).The increasing need to change led to the development of OD created by changes in technology and labour skills,...

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