This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Essay On Plato's Theory Of Forms.

1022 words - 4 pages

Plato's theory of forms is strongly based on what is real and what is not. What is real is thought to be perfect, but something cannot be real or perfect if it is always changing. He explains that the "World of forms" is very different to the "World of appearances". The "World of forms" can only be properly understood by philosophers and those who seek knowledge, not by the ignorant or those who do not wish to learn the truth. The theory of forms makes a distinction between those objects that are real and those that are only real in our minds. His dialogues (e.g. Parable of the cave) portray knowledge as the process of leaving the cave and going into the sunlight. The people in the cave find their reality in the shadows cast in the cave and assume there can never be anything beyond these shadows. These shadows symbolise how the world that we see is just a shadow or reflection of what is real. For Plato, the real world is not what we see around us, it is only the "World of forms" that is real and unchanging. This is also known as the " One and many". The "One" being the perfect "World of forms" and the "Many" being the imperfect "World of appearances"Plato approach to the two different/ alternate world is know as dualism. The idea of dualism has had a major effect and has strongly influenced the development of philosophy. Another side to Plato's dualism is the belief in the separation of knowledge and opinion. We seek knowledge but really all we have is opinion. Plato realised the opinion is often mistaken for knowledge, for example, what may be beautiful for one person may be ugly for another. Both people seem to have knowledge, but they are only opinion. These opinions are contradictory, as is everything in the "World of appearances" therefore it is impossible to have any knowledge of them. Plato believed that if someone concerned themselves about beautiful things only has opinions about them, only people who are concerned about beauty itself can posses true knowledge.People who know and understand how to find true knowledge in the world beyond the senses are involved in the "Intelligible World" and those that believe in the senses and opinion are involved in the "Visible World". For Plato, knowing the forms was a kind of mental seeing or a vision of truth. It leads to discovering the "Form of Good" and therefore Plato believed that philosophy made you a better person. This theory is important for understanding and objects true nature. For example, a cat is not a dog and not a mouse, but yet it has four legs and a tail like the other two animals have, so how is it that we can distinguish a cat from a dog of a mouse? Plato believed that each animal has a perfect form, the cat has perfect cat-ness that makes us recognise a cat when we see one. This perfect cat-ness is only found in the "World of forms"...

Find Another Essay On An essay on Plato's theory of forms.

Plato's Theory of Knowledge Essay

1276 words - 5 pages Plato's Theory of Knowledge Plato's Theory of Knowledge is very interesting. He expresses this theory with three approaches: his allegory of The Cave, his metaphor of the Divided Line and his doctrine The Forms. Each theory is interconnected; one could not be without the other. Here we will explore how one relates to the other. In The Cave, Plato describes a vision of shackled prisoners seated in a dark cave facing the wall

Critique Of Plato's Theory Essay

951 words - 4 pages Critique of Plato's Theory In Plato's writings he addresses the issue of knowledge. How can one know things if not introduced to them by experience? Thus, Plato claimed that all knowledge was gained through experience. Not only is it derived from experience, but it is also a changing thing. Everything in life changes, therefore people's knowledge will change. Different people who live in different times and areas will know different

Plato’s Theory of Forms

2218 words - 9 pages Plato’s Theory of Forms Plato, one of the greatest philosophers of all time, has had a profound effect on subsequent ages. He was born into an aristocratic Athenian family in about 428 BCE, and his are the earliest writings of philosophical findings that have been recorded. However Plato not only recorded his own findings, but those of his teacher, Socrates. Socrates, a man who was known by the Grecians to be a

An essay for theory of knowledge on intuition - Essay

1000 words - 4 pages many young musicians, such as Michael Jackson. At a very young age Michael Jackson was able to sing and dance on stage despite not having any lessons as he just listened to his intuition and went with what his body told him. As he had no previous knowledge of music or had done any practice, it shows that he completely listened to his gut and created an outcome. However, it is possible to argue that intuition is not a way of knowing on it’s

Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge

910 words - 4 pages existed before this life in order to have knowledge of the forms. Finally, Plato showed that the soul does not permanently reside within one body and die when that body dies. It must exist separate from that body and continue to exist after that body's death. Taken together, these three points make up Plato's theory on the transmigration of the soul. Bibliography: BIBLIOGRAPHY Plato. "Phaedo." Plato: The Last Days of

Glaucon's Challenge and Plato's Theory of Justice in Plato's Republic

1939 words - 8 pages working together, therefore it is shown not to be in a person’s best interests to be unjust and have an unhealthy soul. It is best to live a just life. An objection to the relevance of Plato’s theory of justice to Glaucon’s challenge is that Plato’s answer regarding psychological justice cannot be equivalent to practical justice. It may not be said that a person with a just soul must never commit unjust acts, especially because there is no

An Analysis of Plato's Republic

1348 words - 6 pages but also the imperfect justice system of the community in great ways. Demonstrate how the passage relates to main ideas in the chapter The main idea of this chapter is arguing that the justice and governing of a society is imperfect no matter who does so. Socrates uses an analogy of a ship to define why this is a true statement on page 172 section 488 a-e in Plato’s “Republic” while relating to the precious metals of the soul in book 3 of the

an essay with personal opinions on hume and descartes on the theory of ideas

613 words - 2 pages Hume's theory better than Descartes.Descartes believed imagination could not help humans. Descartes' definition of ideas was, only things which exist in the mind and represent other things are called ideas. His argument was the nature of the ideas which make up the mind could gain an idea about God, but instead, humans could think about God by other means. A major strength of Descartes was his idea of objective reality, which is one's perception of

An essay on business ethics, presuppositions of the game theory. Speaks of Solomon's ideas

1165 words - 5 pages Soloman believes that as the game theory gets more sophisticated, we tend to lose sight of the problem rather than solve it. He sees the problem as how to get people to think about business and about themselves in an Aristotelian rather than a neo-Hobbesian (or even a Rawlsian) way, which the game theoretical models simply presuppose.Soloman discusses seven presuppositions in the first section of his 'Ethics & Excellence' book. They are

Explain the relationship between Plato's Form of the good and the other Forms

1377 words - 6 pages Alice ChapmanExplain the relationship between Plato's form of the good and the other Forms (25)Plato believed that behind every concept or object in the visible world, that there is an unseen reality which he calls its Form. However things such as number and evil don't have a form. The forms may be seen as an ideal image for the particular earthly examples (beauty and trees etc) which Plato calls particulars. He emphasised that the Form's exist

Plato's Cave : The reality of Plato - Branksome Hall - Theory of Knowledge essay on Plato's Cave

678 words - 3 pages him even though he tried to educate people. Nevertheless, he was in danger of being executed. By this fact, I have a question about the opinion of enlightened educating people. Should they take the risk even though they have the chance to die? Does it have to be a mission for the enlightened? In Plato’s theory, the cave represents people who believe that knowledge comes from what we see and hear in the world – empirical evidence. The cave shows

Similar Essays

Essay On Plato's Theory Of The Forms Westminster School Hakluyts Essay

1835 words - 8 pages ‘Plato’s theory of the Forms does not adequately explain reality’ Plato argues that our reality (as in the state of the physical world which we understand and know to exist) is not the ‘real world’, simply a reflection of the ultimate reality that exists beyond our physical world. In his dialogue ‘the Republic’ he asserts that there are two realms or realities; the physical realm being the reality that we can interact with on the quotidian and

Explain The Criticisms Of Plato's Theory Of The Forms

1605 words - 6 pages , Aristotle's criticism that these ideal forms do not have to exist independently from this material world is valid. But he does not give us a reason why it is impossible for them to be self-evident or explain to us how they could exist in this world. This causes the criticisms to be less valid in my view as there is no significant reason for Plato's theory to be untrue.Likewise with the second criticism about how there cannot be an ideal form of

Characterise And Assess Plato's Theory Of Forms/Essences In The First Half Of The Phaedo (Up To 95e)

2848 words - 11 pages possible to take - the 'traditional' or 'transcendent idealist'.(3) The 'traditional' reading of Plato's forms put the emphasis on its metaphysical claims rather than epistemological. The 'transcendent idealist' reading on the other hand stresses that the opposite is the case - the theory of Forms is a theory about knowledge, and, as a side effect, also has metaphysical claims. In dealing with these issues it shall become clear that a definite

Plato's Theory Of Education Essay

1015 words - 4 pages of these mathematical concepts elevate the individual's form of thought in one truly monumental aspect. Moreover, the knowledge derived from arithmetic and geometry is invisible and as a result, causes the soul of the individual to proceed into a higher form of philosophical thought. Once the individual's soul is searching for its answers on an even more complex scale, they will transition to the final level in Plato's Theory of Education