An Essay On The Inuit Of Northern Canada.

2317 words - 9 pages

INUIT(IN U IT)100(100) WORDS(WORDS) FOR(FOR) SNOW(SNOW) NO(NO) WORD(WORD) FOR(FOR) TRIBE(TRIBE) AND(AND) A(A) NAME(NAME) THAT(THAT) MEANS(MEANS) ''PEOPLE'(PEOPLE)SETTLEMENTThe Inuit way of life began some 10,000 years ago in the Bering Strait. The Inuit's early ancestors are believed to be the second major group of migratory settlers to cross the Bering land bridge. As part of the Aleut Eskimo language family the Inuit migrated across the bridge and by 8,500 B.C. are believed to have established several coastal villages around the Bering Strait area. During this time the Inuit population began to thrive, due in no small part to the abundance of food in that area, and in doing so needed more land to sustain the growing population. The Inuit undertook another mass migration splitting into several sub-groups, or bands, and heading in different directions. The exact date of this migration can only be speculated. The Inuit are believed to have migrated north along the coast and possibly inland towards large rivers and valleys.Their way of life must have been very successful for the Inuit undertook yet another migration around the time of 5000 BC, spreading eastward from Alaska and into what is now known as the Northwest Territories. This group of people, called the "Sivullirmuit" (meaning first people) by the Inuit's and the 'Dorset' by archaeologists, spread eastward across Canada settling as far east as the Belle Isle in Newfoundland. Above you will find a map showing the possible migratory routes across Canada the Inuit may have taken. Note the vast area covered in their travels. This has led me to believe that the Inuit were less attached to their territory as some of the other Canadian native tribes are. It seems unlikely that such a nomadic race of people placed any great importance on territorial boundaries..LifeThe Sivullirmuit migration into the baron tundra immersed them into an environment the likes of which they had never seen. Rather than forest, rivers and ocean the Inuit now saw tundra, glaciers and, well, more tundra. The north bound Sivullirmuit were faced with new daily struggles for survival and had to learn and create new skills and technologies. As they migrated north they soon found sea and river fishing to be either an impractical or impossible way of food gathering. Rather than abandoning the migration the Inuit capitalized on the abundance of large sea and land mammals living on the ice shelf. These mammals provided a very secure lifestyle with their abundance and size (a small whale weighing 5 tonnes) allowing them to focus on developing the survival skills necessary for survival in the harsh climate.The Sivullirmuit hunted with finely crafted tools and weapons made out of stone, ivory or bone. They were so finely crafted that even the most skilled modern Inuit craftsmen are awe inspired by the quality of the tools and carvings. These tools endure today as an important part of the modern Inuit heritage. They are of great...

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