An Essay On The Causes Of Wwi

1806 words - 7 pages

Who or what was to blame for World War One: Did two bullets lead to twenty million deaths

Who or what was to blame for World War One: Did two bullets lead to twenty million deaths

When one talks about the World Wars Germany often springs to mind and was supposedly the root cause for the First World War and even The Second World War, but was it the sole force of Germany alone? Or was some larger power behind this whole "setup" in which at least 20 million deaths occurred. Let me set the scene for you and let us embark on a journey that will reach into the realm of horrific torture, an accidental assassination and the source of number of deaths equal to almost a third of the population currently living in the UK. But before I show you these plans of evil. A new country is formed in 1871; it is a day to remember, as this country will be the fundamental reason for over 10 million deaths for the years to come. Germany is formed; Britain has built up an empire stretching from America to the edge of India. Germany, being born quite late is immensely jealous of Britain and builds up an army of two million foot soldiers. Now it aspires to have the greatest war-fleet in the whole of Europe. But it still will be no match for the British navy. So Germany forms an alliance.

Whilst the forming of alliances is materializing, Germany and Britain are having a massive arms race triggered by the German's building naval giants in factories around the whole country, many of these battleships include Dreadnoughts. Britain senses this as an immediate threat to her lands and starts building even more naval vessels. By 1914 Britain had 29 Dreadnoughts and Germany had 14. Meanwhile France has been fighting with Prussia (German state) and lost Alsace-Lorraine, a wealthy town with a varied range of abundant resources, and wants revenge. France is also in league with Britain and later is thinking about using the sheer size of the British Navy to it's own advantage. Austria-Hungary snatched lands in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908 as a part of expanding their empire and becoming a great power again. However in Russia the Tsar of Russia is becoming less and less popular with most of the population and was facing food shortages and terrible poverty. This forced Russia to think about taking lands in The Mediterranean and near the Black Sea, which was basically a large chunk out of the Ottoman Empire.

Austria-Hungary took control over Bosnia Herzegovina in 1908, which was a huge mistake. The population in Bosnia-Herzegovina were mainly Slavs and they wanted to be reunited with Serbia (another Slavic country) to get revenge on Austria-Hungary. This situation is exacerbated by Russia having, not only, a huge army; but also having a large influence in the Slavic countries. This connection with an unknown enemy would influence the war effort greatly and raise morale.

In 1908, Austria-Hungary took over the former Turkish province of...

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