An Essay On The History Of Australia And The Early Settlers, Also List The Demographics, Culture And Influences

1062 words - 4 pages

Australia is one of the seven continents of the world. The landmass of the Australian continent extends over an area of about 7682 million square kilometers. This is almost as great as the area of the United States of America (excluding Alaska), a little more than one third of the size of Russia and about thirty-two times greater than the United Kingdom. If you travelled in a straight line from Australia's east coast to the west coast at its widest point, you would cover a distance of almost 4000 kilometers. You would also pass through two time zones Ð on the west coast the sun raises two hours later than it does on the east. A journey from south to north through the `red center' would cover over 2500 kilometers and pass through several climate zones, from the cooler and temperate south to the hot, humid tropics in the north.Australia is the smallest of the sevencontinents of the world.· Australia is the sixth-largest country.· Australia is the largest island in the world.· The population of Australia grew to over20 million people in 2003.The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of six states and two territories. Each state and territory has its own internal government and capital city. The federal capital of Australia is Canberra. Australia also has seven external territories: Norfolk Island; Christmas Island; the Cocos (Keeling) Islands; the Coral Sea Islands Territory; the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands; the Australian Antarctic Territory; and Heard Island and McDonald Islands.Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, which it shares with the continents of Africa, South America and Antarctica, as well as many islands in the South Atlantic and South Pacic oceans. We also refer to Australia as being located in the eastern hemisphere, which it shares with East Asia and South Asia, New Zealand, the Paci®c Islands and part of Antarctica. The dividing line between the eastern and western hemispheres is the Prime Meridian.To the north of Australia lie:· some of the most populous countries in theworld. China has the largest population in theworld (1300 million); Indonesia has the fourthlargestpopulation (250 million).· some of the largest cities in the world.Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Seoul, Osaka,Tokyo, Manila and Jakarta are all megacitieswith populations of over 10 million people.· some of the world's largest and most importanteconomies. China has the second-largesteconomy after the United States, and Japanhas the third-largest economy.· some of the poorest countries in the world.Indonesia, Vietnam and Papua New Guinea allhave a gross national income (GNI) percapita (per person) of less than US$1000.Australia's GNI is over US$20 000.The oral history of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples Ð its Indigenouspeople Ð tells of a Dreamtime when all things began. Stories of this time have been passeddown by word of mouth over thousands of...

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