A Comparison Of I Have A Dream By Martin Luther King And Victory Speech By Barack Obama

1672 words - 7 pages

"I Have A Dream" and "Victory Speech" are two amazingly powerful speeches delivered by two big leaders of the American nation: Martin Luther King and Barack Obama. Both of these speeches are united in the hopes of creating a better country and achieving the American dream. The two discourses are an introduction to a change or to an improvement. Although these speeches are fairly similar, their purposes and audience are different.
To begin with, King's speech makes reference to the American dream as the extended metaphor of a "cheque with insufficient funds", which refers to the "promise of (...) Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" the government has made but not kept to every United States citizen. It is important to mention that the factors of the promise are also the elements of "a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.", therefore, it is evident that King's speech was based on it, thus, the tittle of the discourse: "I Have A Dream." Also, The purpose of the cheque metaphor is for people to understand the promise of the American dream in terms that the whole public can understand, as well empathize with the horrible situation of lack of respect towards the african-american back then. Furthermore, in Obama's speech, he makes a reference to "hope for a better day","individual liberty", the restoration of "prosperity", the promotion of "the cause of peace", and equality amongst the citizens of the United States, the past elements are part of the concept of the American dream. To back up the past idea, at the end of the discourse, Obama mentions that he wants to "reclaim the American dream."
To continue, The purpose of King's speech is to persuade. The aim is to introduce and explain the anti-segregation movement as what would "go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom...".It is important to mention that King implies such security of future success with the past quote to make the audience trust and support him and his cause. King also includes phrases, diction and ideas that the target audience wants to hear, such as when he mentions that "Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children."This obviously gives the audience peace of mind since something is already being done about the problem of racism, therefore it might just be that their children, grandchildren, and so on will not have to suffer what black people did in the past. Another of King's purpose is to make people reflect about hope and equality amongst human beings and to be aware of how horrible and "vicious" racism is. Thus, the audience of King's speech is the members of the anti-segregation movement, racist americans, and people of different races in the United States.
Moreover, in contrast with King's speech, the purpose of Obama's discourse is to "thank everyone for all for all the support", including all the people who voted for him and came to see him give out his discourse. Another aim of Obama's speech is to...

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