A Comparison Of Plato And Aristotle.

1892 words - 8 pages

Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. This fact is very cleverly illustrated by Raphael's 'School of Athens' (1510-11; Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican), where Plato is portrayed looking up to the higher forms; and Aristotle is pointing down because he supports the natural sciences. In a discussion of politics, the stand point of each philosopher becomes an essential factor. It is not coincidental that Plato states in The Republic that Philosopher Rulers who possess knowledge of the good should be the governors in a city state. His strong interest in metaphysics is demonstrated in The Republic various times: for example, the similes of the cave, the sun, and the line, and his theory of the forms. Because he is so involved in metaphysics, his views on politics are more theoretical as opposed to actual. Aristotle, contrarily, holds the view that politics is the art of ruling and being ruled in turn. In The Politics, he attempts to outline a way of governing that would be ideal for an actual state. Balance is a main word in discussing Aristotle because he believes it is the necessary element to creating a stable government. His less metaphysical approach to politics makes Aristotle more in tune with the modern world, yet he is far from modern.Plato's concept of what politics and government should be is a direct result of his belief in the theory of forms. The theory of forms basically states that there is a higher 'form' for everything that exists in the world. Each material thing is simply a representation of the real thing which is the form. According to Plato, most people cannot see the forms, they only see their representation or their shadows, as in the simile of the cave. Only those who love knowledge and contemplate on the reality of things will achieve understanding of the forms. Philosophers, who by definition are knowledge lovers, are the only beings who can reach true knowledge. This concept has to be taken a step further because in The Republic, Plato states that philosophers should be the rulers since they are the only ones who hold the form of the good. Plato seems to be saying that it is not enough to know the forms of tables or trees, one must know the greatest form--form of the good--in order to rule. The reasoning is: if you know the good, then you will do the good. Therefore, philosopher rulers are by far the most apt to rule.In The Republic, Plato builds around the idea of Philosopher Rulers. Even though it is not his primary point, it certainly is at the core of his discussion of the ideal state. The question that arises is, 'Why do you need ideal states which will have philosophers as rulers?' There are many layers to the answer of this question. The first thing is that a state cannot be ideal without having philosophers as rulers. This answer leads to the question, 'Then why do you need ideal states to begin with?' The Republic starts with a discussion...

Find Another Essay On A Comparison of Plato and Aristotle.

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Essay

856 words - 3 pages building the foundation for female suffrage.      Lastly, Aristotle, a man of great virtue and notorious genius, the last piece of the ancient philosophy jigsaw puzzle, appends the studies of his ostentatious predecessors. Being the understudy of Plato, Aristotle found much ado in mans essence and politics. Aristotle took the thought of pure form and pure beings to its pinnacle by concluding that of all pure forms one

Comparing Plato and Aristotle Essay

2127 words - 9 pages sophrosyne, virtue of spirit is Courage, and the virtue of Reason is wisdom. Plato has now defined the just city and the just person. Aristotle was born in 384 BC, in ancient Stagira in Greek Macedonian. Macedonian is located in northern part of Greece and was not considered to be a true part of Greece by the southern Greeks of Athens, Sparta, and Thebes. Aristotle's father was a physician to the royal court, which allowed him to go up in the upper

The Views Of Reality Of Plato and Aristotle

1015 words - 4 pages assume that both philosophers shared the same beliefs and theories, but in fact, quite the opposite, although some theories of one gave ideas of theories to another. Plato was a great believer in God, and Aristotle lived to the rules of science, and thus this created the all famous Plato and Aristotle Dichotomy.PlatoPlato's work is very famous, and his theories are sometimes used in novels, soap operas, and movies. Plato, the older of these two

Political Justice: Plato and Aristotle

2208 words - 9 pages Plato and Aristotle had different ideas of politics and political justice. In The Republic, Plato creates the ideal city, which is needed to guarantee justice. He aims to create a peaceful united city that will lead to the greater good of the community and individuals. Unlike Plato who imagines the ideal city, Aristotle looks at actual cities in The Politics. He doesn't want to create the ideal city; he aims to improve the existing city. While

Classical Theories - Aristotle and Plato

1909 words - 8 pages Plato and Aristotle have both documented strong opinions about the influence and social purpose of poetry. Plato, in The Republic, outlines reasons for his `refusal to admit the imitative kind of poetry'(Plato cited in ed. Adams 1992, p. 31). Plato's reference to `poetry' does not apply to the poetry of contemporary society, as it was a performance art and not meant for silent reading and reflection. Julia Annas (1981, p. 94) believes that

POLITICS OF SOCRATES, PLATO AND ARISTOTLE By Walubo Jude Tadeo

990 words - 4 pages Socrates, Plato and Aristotle had virtually the same beliefs about man's relation to the State, although Plato's political theory of the State was more rational than Socrates or Aristotle's. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle all believed that man was not self-sufficient, they believed man would be most happy living in a State. They also believed that all men wanted to live the truly good life where they could be in tune with the truth and achieve

Arguments of Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics

1195 words - 5 pages What does imitation (mimesis) involve for Plato and Aristotle? Explain its different features. Mimesis, the ‘imitative representation of the real world in art and literature’ , is a form that was particularly evident within the governance of art in Ancient Greece. Although its exact interpretation does vary, it is most commonly used to describe artistic creation as a whole. The value and need for mimesis has been argued by a number of

Distinctions and Comparisons between Aristotle and Plato

1638 words - 7 pages viewed in the physical world as an idea or an imperfect form of the object he studied. If Plato were to observe a tree in the physical realm he would add “ness” to an object to make it known that the tree he saw before him was participating in the form of a tree, and is merely an outline of an ideal tree. Aristotle disagreed with Plato’s ideology of an immaterial world and an invisible world not seen by the human eye. The system of Aristotle’s

Democracy Outlined by Plato and Aristotle

1114 words - 4 pages for the basis of modern political thinking, although many in modern society UK would be sceptical to call it a democracy. Plato and Aristotle in The Republic and The Politics respectively were critical of the Athenian democracy, by examining the culture and ideology present the limitations and possible downfalls of a democratic way of life. Within this essay I will outline these limitations and evaluate their validity. Plato defines Athens as a

Arroyo Administration: The Plato and Aristotle Views

2842 words - 11 pages enough to support their basic needs and some minute luxuries. At the bottom are the poor. These are those that could not even support their necessities. And this class actually constitutes a large proportion of our population. That is why Philippines can still be considered a poor country, belonging to the third world. The classification of the people today is somewhat the same with what Plato and Aristotle had described. However, there are

The Beliefs of Plato vs Aristotle

3784 words - 15 pages When Socrates was sixty years old, Plato, then a youth of twenty, came to him as a pupil. When Plato was sixty years old, the seventeen-year-old Aristotle presented himself, joining the Teacher's group of "Friends," as the members of the Academy called themselves. Aristotle was a youth of gentle birth and breeding, his father occupying the position of physician to King Philip of Macedon. Possessed of a strong character, a penetrating

Similar Essays

A Comparison Of Plato And Machiavelli

2537 words - 10 pages Term Paper: Comparison between Plato and MachiavelliJia Yi Quan LiMay 12, 2014Philosophy of the Person II (10:30) A Comparison between Plato and MachiavelliA long standing debate in human history is what to do with power, who should rule, how to rule and if morals should be separated from politics. These questions have sparked a lot of controversy because humans or states have had to sacrifice their freedom to a certain extent for the order and

Historical Views Of Leadership: Plato And Aristotle

1780 words - 7 pages ” which says that the three major classes were fashioned by the gods through the introduction of different metals into their blood: gold, silver, and bronze (Plato, 1987, pp. 122-123). Presumably it is only the Guardians who, having learned the knowledge of the Forms, will understand that this is a fiction. Aristotle differed in many ways from his teacher. While Plato witnessed the end of the Peloponnesian War and was repulsed by the weakness and

Examining The Ethics Of Plato And Aristotle

1051 words - 4 pages This essay will be examining the ethics of Plato (428-347 BCE) and Aristotle (384-322 B.C). I will firstly attempt to summarise the five fundamental concepts of Plato and Aristotle before providing my own opinion and view on their ethics. I will concentrate on their theories on the good life as a life of justice, censorship, knowledge and the good life. I will first examine Plato’s ethics. Plato was a philosopher who was both a rationalist

Plato And Aristotle Essay

1272 words - 5 pages Plato and Aristotle Plato and Aristotle have two distinct views on wellness. However, each man’s opinion on wellness is directly tied in to his respective opinions on the idea of imitation as a form of knowledge. Their appreciation or lack thereof for tragedy is in fact directly correlated to their own perspective on wellness and emotion. Firstly, it is important to consider each man’s view of wellness—that is how does each man go about