An Evaluation Of The Four Fundamental Patterns Of Knowing In Nursing

666 words - 3 pages

A critical analysis of the four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing is essential for nurses to be able to grasp the complicated nature of the nursing practice. Barbara Carper (1978) lists the four patterns of knowing as: empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge, and ethics or moral knowledge (p.14). The science of nursing is called empirics and the connection of art to nursing is referred to as esthetics (Carper, 1978, p.14). These patterns are four very complex areas of nursing that every nurse must consider in order to be as successful as possible in providing care. In this evaluation the author will discuss how these concepts affect present learning and practice.
The first pattern to be discussed is the empirical science behind nursing as a profession. As technology advances with time, the need for organized data seems to increase as well. Carper elaborates,
“The term nursing science was rarely used in the literature until the late 1950s. However, since that time there has been an increasing emphasis, one might even say a sense of urgency, regarding the development of a body of empirical knowledge specific to nursing” (1978, p.14).
There is an increasing shift towards the consideration of nursing as a scientific profession. Therefore, nurses being educated today have a curriculum with a growing focus on scientific knowledge. This is important because the science behind the health of the human body is extremely complicated and dynamic.
The next pattern of knowledge in nursing is esthetics. Carper (1978) claims that nursing is at least partially an art (p. 16). Many would agree with this statement, recognizing that nursing is not all about facts and objective evidence. The problem some have with considering nursing an “art” is that the term is too broad (Carper, 1978, p.16). Each nurse has his or her own unique mode of caring for patients. It takes time and practice to develop empathy and understanding for patients, but when a nurse has mastered these traits she will provide invaluable care....

Find Another Essay On An Evaluation of the Four Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing

"Four Basic Financial Statements". Provide an explanation of the four basic financial statements used in business.

913 words - 4 pages determined by who needs the information and what type of information they need.ConclusionAccounting is an integral part of any company. In order to be successful, profitable and competitive in business, it is absolutely essential to have a firm understanding of the financial status of the company, and for that you have to have accounting. The four basic financial statements represented here give a brief overview of some of the information available

Evaluation of an Advertisement Essay

1065 words - 4 pages Evaluation of an Advertisement Advertising is to persuade people to buy their product or in this case encouraging people to send money to help its charity. However to persuade people isn't that easy, you have to use the correct wording, and things such as power of three, alliteration in order to persuade that customer/person. In this advertisement many of these things are used. They really make you want to send a

Nursing: An account of the subject area.

1541 words - 6 pages I am presently employed as an enrolled nurse on the bank of a large general trust hospital in the north west of England. I qualified as an enrolled nurse in 1972. At present I work on a male medical ward, which has twenty-five beds. Some common disorders which patients suffer from in the area where I work are: Complication of Diabetes, Chronic Pulmonary Disease, Chest infections, Hypertension, Chronic confusion. I estimate that 80% of our

An Evaluation of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine

2107 words - 8 pages completely. (Influenza, The aforementioned, however, does not imply that the vaccine serves no purpose: even if the vaccine fails to form an exact match with a year’s virus, the inactivated viruses in the shot can prompt an immune response known as partial immunity. This phenomenon prompts the production of a low number of antibodies when a similar strain of the virus to the vaccine enters the body, allowing for a weaker, though

Paradigms of Knowing in Communication Research

949 words - 4 pages shows how people can view a topic and not always have the same results. Work Cited Baxter & Babbie. (2004). Four social science paradigms: An overview (pp. 47-67). In Basics of Communication Research. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth

The Importance of Knowing About Cancer

1206 words - 5 pages themselves of great importance. Not only is it good to know about cancer to see the signs in your children but also it gives you an advantage over cancer. If you know treatments and the process of battling cancer, you can right away take action and have a better chance at beating it. The same as knowing where your children are every second knowing what could potential harm you or your child is also of importance. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Cause and

The Fundamental Causes of the Russian Revolution

1652 words - 7 pages in order to now be employed in these giant factories, thus the Proletarian class emerged and became an important social class in Russian society. By 1914, their number reached approximately 225 million and by 1917, Russia had over 3 million workers. There was an elite group of educated Russians that attempted to adopt the Western ideals of human rights and to apply them to the Russian work force. This sparked the leaders within the peasant class

The correlation between sleep patterns and learning patterns of children.

865 words - 3 pages medication were excluded from the study in order to obtain an accurate reading. Most of the children came from small, two-parent, middle- to upper-class families whose parents were well educated. 38 percent of the children were firstborn.To begin the procedure, the parents of the children completed a number of questionnaires, including one of family background material and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Within the following two to four weeks

Patterns of opiate use in the USA and England

2182 words - 9 pages The Evolution of the Drug AddictBy Amber RobinsonDiscuss changes in patterns of Opiate Use and Addiction and in social perceptions of opiates in the united states and england in the 19th and 20th CenturiesThere has been major shifts in the attitude towards opiates and users over the 19th and 20th Century, from its initial state as a medical issue to the current status as a matter for the legal system. While the actual nature of opiates and their


2374 words - 9 pages : that common heart, of which all conversation is the worship, to which all right action is submission."The Second fundamental basic idea of Emerson's philosophy is found in his recognition of the Universe as a boundless plane, periodically the playground of numberless Universes incessantly manifesting and disappearing. In "The American Scholar" he says:"There is never a beginning, there is never an end to the inexplicable continuity of this web

The Fundamental Building Block of Latin Music

2215 words - 9 pages (repetitions of sound). Mainly Latin music is based on a rhythmic pattern known as the clave. Clave is the fundamental building block of all Cuban music, and is a 3-2 (occasionally 2-3) rhythmic prototype. Claves are in addition the name for the two sticks that play this 3-2 (clave) pattern (Padilla,100) Latin music usually uses a three form with (1) A long introductory verse, followed (2) By a montuno section where the band plays a vamp (a two- or

Similar Essays

Knowing In Nursing: The Four Fundamental Patterns

813 words - 3 pages contradictory opinions arise. An ethical nurse also has to be knowledgeable of other cultural and philosophical ideas of what is right and wrong and what is the desired outcome for others. In conclusion, the four fundamental patterns of knowing within nursing are all important for quality patient care. Empirics focuses on science and factual evidence, esthetics is the art of nursing and incorporates uniqueness and experience, personal acknowledge

Four Fundamental Concepts Of Knowing In Nursing

889 words - 4 pages There are different types of knowledge and different ways of knowing. Four fundamental concepts of knowing in nursing highlighted by Caper (1978) are empirical, personal, ethical and aesthetic. He divided knowledge into two forms which are tacit and explicit. Tacit is insights and based on experience and not easily visible and expressible, difficult to share and communicate with others which is highly personal. Empirical sources of knowledge

Patterns Of Knowing In Nursing Essay

693 words - 3 pages In Nursing, there are four main fundamental patterns of knowing to follow. The first pattern is called empirics, the science of nursing. Next is called esthetics which is the art of nursing. The third pattern to follow is the component of personal knowledge in nursing. Last is known as the pattern of ethics, the component of moral knowledge in nursing. Each of the patterns are very different in their own ways. However, nurses should utilize all

An Evaluation Of The Role Of Globalisation In China.

878 words - 4 pages most famous one would be the US and Cuba. US and Cuba have an economic embargo on each other that they do not proceed any trading or bilateral activities together. Embargo impedes the import of more advanced technologies and skills from MEDCs like the US. However, the US wouldn't suffer much from this as it has the most GDP and the second highest GDP per capita in the world, lots other LEDCs would export primary and secondary goods to it such as