This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Examination And Analysis Of The Role Of Yeast In The Evolution Of Societal And Religious Views Of Beer And Alcohol In America

1960 words - 8 pages

Understanding the process of brewing will help explain the time limitations of brewing and storing beer, and will ultimately help explain how this tug of war came into existence, as the process of brewing itself is largely responsible for the limited availability of beer early in American history. The process begins with malted barley which is heated to, and held at, a temperature between 60o and 71o C. This process is known as mashing and serves to activate the amylase enzymes which convert the complex starches into fermentable and unfermentable sugars. The wort is then transferred to a boil kettle where hops are introduced and the liquid is boiled extensively to isomerize the bittering oils in the hops. In their isomerized states, these oils will be more soluble and able to impart their bittering qualities into the wort. Finally the wort is chilled as it is transferred into a fermenter and yeast is added to begin the fermentation. The fermenter is sealed from the environment to prevent oxygen, which would stop fermentation, from entering. Fermentation must then be carried out at cool temperatures – about 18o C when using ale yeast and much colder when using lager yeast. Fermentation above these temperatures will still occur but yields an unpalatable product. These temperature requirements made beer a seasonal beverage and limited storage prior to the advent of mechanical refrigeration.
Fermentation is the biological process which allows humans to brew beer, or any other alcoholic beverage. This process occurs in the absence of oxygen, as a means for the cell to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the source of cellular energy. Though little energy can be produced in this manner, it allows the yeast to survive in this anoxic environment. The production of ethanol does not itself yield ATP but occurs as a means of restoring NAD+, an essential electron acceptor which allows the cell to continue to produce energy. Because beer is essentially alive, it is innately unstable, displaying five key forms of instability. These include physical instability, flavor instability, foam instability, gushing and light instability (Stewart, 2004). Each of these instabilities plays a role in limiting the shelf-life of beer, as well as, in colonial times, limiting when beer could even be brewed.
“Beer is an inherently unstable product” (Bamforth, 2010, p.144). This instability can be divided into two classes: biological instability and non-biological instability (Steward, 2004). Biological instability primarily refers to contamination by any variety of microorganisms, which may lead to off flavors or even illness. Non-biological instability, on the other hand, is a reference to the various chemical processes that are ongoing, even in the packaged product. Beer is particularly susceptible to oxidation as well as to light, this light sensitivity being the result of hop products in the beer, added to provide bittering qualities to balance the...

Find Another Essay On An Examination and Analysis of the Role of Yeast in the Evolution of Societal and Religious Views of Beer and Alcohol in America

An essay comparing the issue of abortion from the religious views of Catholics, Jews, and Buddhists

1347 words - 5 pages imperfections of the fetus" and only permitted "... to save the mother's life or health." (Jewish Beliefs about Abortion, Robinson). Rabbi David Novak also states that, "But in every other situation, when there is no such mortal threat, abortion is prohibited.". These facts emphasize the point that abortion cannot be carried out due to any reasons except when the life of its mother is at risk. A rabbi or other Jewish religious authority must decide

An Examination of the Views on Regulation Possessed by New Nationalism and New Freedom

767 words - 4 pages social welfare directly contrasts with Wilson’s desire to limit the federal government and its facilities, thereby resulting in a major difference in terms of their views on government regulation. On the contrary, it seems that the converse is true, as upon deeper examination one my find that the two candidates are in fact no different in this instance: as the establishment of the Federal Reserve under Wilson’s administration is akin to Roosevelt’s

The role of the nurse in helping to reduce and prevent levels of alcohol misuse

737 words - 3 pages There are many available topics of discussion in relation to the issues raised in Target 8 of Health 21. This section of the essay will concentrate on the role of the nurse in helping to reduce and prevent levels of alcohol misuse (a topic raised in Target 8). The chosen client group are women in the middle adulthood.Alcohol is a factor in many of the priority health issues that health visitors (including nurses) need to address, including

The Power of Baseball and Role Models in Latin America

1983 words - 8 pages The Power of Baseball and Role Models in Latin America In many countries around the world, the socioeconomic problem is so bad that they are granted the title of a Third World country. Countries that are not quite as bad, such as most Latin American countries like Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, often have trouble, on a smaller level, of creating jobs and job security for its people to inspire work ethic and incentive to raise

Steven Crane's Role in the Literary Revolution and an Analysis of The Red Badge of Courage

1117 words - 4 pages contradictory with others of its time. Crane’s mother was an active participant of the temperance movement and president of two chapters of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (Szumski 13). She also contributed reports on religious events in the community (Szumski 13). Crane’s father held an important position in the Methodist Church; he later lost it as a result of rebelling and denouncing Methodism’s embrace of the Holiness Movement (Szumski

Societal Boundaries in Kate Chopin's The Story of an Hour and Desiree's Baby

2606 words - 10 pages Societal Boundaries in Kate Chopin's The Story of an Hour and Desiree's Baby As humans, we live our life within the boundaries of our belief systems and moral guidelines we were raised with. Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” and “Desiree’s Baby” tells the story of two women who live according to those societal boundaries. American author Kate Chopin (1850–1904) wrote about a hundred

The Platonic and Aristotelian Views on the Role and Status of Women in Society

3397 words - 14 pages , but rather a practical analysis, and his awareness of the use that women could offer to the benefit of the community. An Aristotelian View Toward Women: Natural Inferiority Plato’s student, Aristotle, had a very different regard toward the societal role of women. Like Plato, Aristotle believed that women were inferior to men both physically and intellectually. Yet, unlike Plato, Aristotle did not see women as contributing to the collective

Evolution of the Gangster and America

1520 words - 7 pages ’ significance in the historical context of the times. In the case of The Public Enemy the characters find themselves set in one of the most challenging times in American history, the great depression. Powers although fictional, represents a person that really did exist, the rum runner. This role comes from the combined events of prohibition and the depression. Lucas on the other hand, is in an era of war, social revolution, and the civil rights

The Different Views of the Origin of Life that Exist in Religious and Scientific Communities Around the World

1962 words - 8 pages The Different Views of the Origin of Life that Exist in Religious and Scientific Communities Around the World You are a journalist working for the Sunday Times newspaper. Your editor has asked you to write a piece entitled 'Where did it all begin?' The aim of the article is to discuss the different views of the origin of life that exist in religious and

Beer: The Production History and Consumption Of Beer with Ref

4454 words - 18 pages the grain and water mixture for a period of time. Two important things will take place in this step. One is to break down proteins to the more soluble and usable amino acids, providing food for the yeast and foam for a nice head on the beer. The second thing is to break down the starch to simple sugars so yeast can convert them to alcohol and carbon dioxide. (Porter)Mash filtration consists of filtering the converted mash by gravity or pressure in

The Shift of Societal Values: An Analysis of Hero's and Their Culture

1248 words - 5 pages Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and Beowulf hail from different time periods and societies. Written in Middle English and Old English respectively, the authors of both epics remain unknown. However, historians know the culture and societal values would influence the authors' accounts and tales. While written in different countries and time periods, Beowulf and Sir Gawain, as heroes, are similar in morality, yet differ in religion and the

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Childhood In Europe And America

2226 words - 9 pages The Evolution of Childhood in Europe and America Somewhere around the beginning of the seventeenth century, the perception of the nature of childhood -- its duration, its perceived purpose, its requirements, its quality -- changed rather significantly in the Eurocentric world, a period Valerie Suransky identifies as a watershed for the modern notion of childhood (1982, p. 6). Actually, two things seemed to have happened: first, the idea

The Evolution Of Gender Roles And Its Role In Society

1996 words - 8 pages an important role in determining the status of males and females: “Female deities governed the earth while male deities ruled the sky” (Fiero). This shows their obvious belief in the importance of men above women, but they still had utmost respect for women as child bearers and givers of life. Moving ahead into the great civilization of Ancient Egypt, women and men had typical gender roles. Women were still seen as child bearers and domestic

Role And Evolution Of The Hero In Literature

1492 words - 6 pages heroes have from always being put on a pedestal. This is an averageyoung hero ruled actions not by thoughts.Another good example of the classic hero is a character called Wesley in themovie The Princess Bride (Rob Reiner). Like Hercules, Wesley is extremelyhandsome and brave. Although not born into the role of a hero, Wesley quicklydevelops this skill. He does not posses unhuman like strength, but is an excellentswords men. He sweeps Buttercup of

Theoretical Examination Of The Role Of Play In Young Children’s Learning And Development, And The Practitioner’s Role In This.

1706 words - 7 pages . This is learning but in a way that involves taking an active role in learning as well as being fun. Therefore, one can say confidently that the children are ‘playing’ (Moyles, RJ Page 3) Parents play a crucial role in a child’s learning and development (Moyles, RJ Page 187) and therefore they must not forget that play is a necessity for the children and so they must recognise this and ensure that they never prevent they child from