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An Inspector Calls Essay

955 words - 4 pages

Minty MooreDiscuss the Importance of Eva Smith, In An Inspector CallsWithout Eva Smith, there would be no "An Inspector Calls', she is the reason for the appearance of the inspector and the whole play revolves around her and her life. Each character has some sort of connection with her and in the eyes of the inspector takes part in ruining her life by killing herself.From the very start of the play it is clear that the inspector is trying to make the Birling family and Gerald feel guilty for the death of Eva Smith, he says that she had 'a nice little promising life', but 'a nasty mess somebody's made of it', he is predominantly implying that at least one person in the room had some involvement of the death of Eva Smith.Eva Smith is a classic working class woman of these times, the use of the name Eva Smith is especially clever because Eva could come from Adam and Eve, meaning that Eva could be any women as Eve was the first women, the surname Smith was and still is an incredibly common surname, meaning she could have been anyone. Eva was used as a tool by J.B Priestley to represent this conception of women, he really wanted to highlight how each character in some way uses their power and social status against Eva, although there may be no actual character of 'Eva' the inspector used her to reveal all the terrible things that the family had done to women who would have been just like Eva. Eva was there to signify to the characters what they had done and make them regret it.J.B Priestley was a great believer in socialism, and the whole reason why the character of Eva Smith may have been created was to emphasis and clarify why socialism was good, not just to the Birling family and Eric but also to the audience as around 1912 there were many negative attitudes towards socialism, same goes for 1946 (when it was first performed) but Priestley simply clarifies it to simply reveal that socialism is about society and that everybody's actions have consequences. The only way that the Birling family and Eric would ever have accepted responsibility for what they did to 'Eva Smith'.The audience never encounters Eva Smith in person; her character is presented, as well as developed, through the words of the Inspector Goole and what each member of the family says about her in their stories. She is described as 'country-bred' with no parents, the audience also know that inspector has actually read her diary with different encounters that she came across in her life. Showing that she was all alone in the world as she had no parents and that she worked in a strange city which she was not used to because...

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