This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Introduction To Autism Spectrum Disorder

2329 words - 9 pages

Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism spectrum disorder has become the most common neurological and developmental disorder diagnosed in children today. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) estimate that 1 out of every 88 American children have been properly diagnosed. There is no known cure for autism, and the inconsistencies of the symptoms of autism in each case make it difficult to target a particular set of effective treatments. However some behavior management therapies, specifically physical therapy, may help to significantly control the unwanted symptoms in young children with autism spectrum disorder.
Symptoms. Children begin showing symptoms of autism as early as twelve months of life, making two to three years old the typical age of diagnosis. The symptoms of autism are truly of a spectrum, hence the name, meaning no child is affected by the disorder in quite the same way. However, symptoms of autism are generally categorized into three basic areas of impairment, the first of these being sociability. Most children with autism have trouble comprehending basic social situations. A child with autism likely makes little eye contact, fails respond to other people in their environment, and reacts inappropriately when others show extreme emotion. It is common for children with autism to misread emotional cues because they focus on a person’s mouth while speaking instead of their eyes as would an unaffected person. Likewise, people may have difficulties understanding the emotions of an autistic child. Many times their body language or tone of voice will not match the emotion that they are trying to express. The second area of impairment is communication. Children with autism have delayed language skills. Even those with comparatively developed language skills may have trouble carrying on simple conversations. Finally, the third and broadest area of impairment is repetitive behaviors. Autistic children often exhibit some degree of a repetitive behavior that can range anywhere from mild to extreme. This can include a variety of actions such as constantly rocking back and forth, toe-walking, eye-rolling, spinning, and clapping. The child could have set routines that they feel a need to obsessively follow every day. This can even take the form of an overly focused interest on something that the child enjoys such as science, music, or art. When these repetitive actions are observed in the child over long periods of time they are then referred to as “stereotypic behaviors“.
Diagnosis. The earliest indicators of autism are impairments of verbal and nonverbal communication. A child with autism will have difficulties responding to their name, smiling and making eye contact, babbling or cooing by twelve months, and using single or two word phrases by twenty-four months (NIMH, n.d.). A proper diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is a two part process. The child is first given a general...

Find Another Essay On An Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1660 words - 7 pages verbal and nonverbal communication. Autism can be a mild or severe condition, which varies for every person. There is nothing visually different with an individual with ASD compared to others, but people with ASD may interact, behave, communicate, and learn in different ways. “The term spectrum refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment or disability that children with ASD can have,” (NIMH, n.d.). What causes ASD

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1166 words - 5 pages Autism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are both disorders of brain development. There are five different spectrums to autism which is why my group choose this topic those different spectrums are Autistic disorder ("classic autism"), Rett syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative disorder, Pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Aspergers syndrome. Each individual part of the spectrum is very interesting in the fact

Autism Spectrum Disorder

1917 words - 8 pages Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, which has a broad variety of symptoms, which has allowed for the diagnosis of the disorder to have been on the rise for the past few decades. An estimated one in 100 Australians are suffering from some form of ASD, of those Australians, it is four times more common in males than females (autismspectrum.org.au, 2014). This piece of writing seeks to explore ASD in depth to

Forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

747 words - 3 pages % of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (Bernier pg. 13). Autism is diagnosed typically at the age of two or older. Before the age of two communicative skills have not been grasped and makes it difficult to diagnose autism. With autism people have trouble with communication skills, social interactions, and normal behaviors. With autistic disorder severely impaired language is detected and people have trouble with intellect. Some people with

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Interventions

1306 words - 5 pages Autism Spectrum Disorder: Adaptations With a Child With Severe Developmental Delays. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology. 2(1), 68-82. Nah, Y., Young, R.L., & Brewer, N. (2014). Using the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scales (CARS) to Predict Long Term outcome in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. March 23, 2014. Sari, O.T., (2014). Outcomes

Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder

1748 words - 7 pages . Insurance coverage for individuals on the autism spectrum is important for the duration of the individual’s life and all those involved. Autism Awareness is an important priority for the wellbeing of humanity. Autism is an epidemic. Autism is characterized as a developmental disorder that is seen in children by the age of three years old. Autism affects the brains normal, natural development, and causes many impairments. The major impairments that

Autism Spectrum Disorder and its Characteristics

1656 words - 7 pages In 2000, one in every one hundred and fifty children was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Since then, there has been a drastic increase of the incidence of this disorder. In 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control, autism spectrum disorder occurs in one out of eighty eight children. (CDC, 2013) That is a significant increase over a relatively short period of time. With such an increase, it is important to learn what

Autism Spectrum Disorder and its Comorbidities

1185 words - 5 pages particular way. It is important to realize they are not trying to be difficult, or misbehave. Epilepsy is another comorbidity of autism spectrum disorder. Children can develop seizures early in childhood, or they can develop in early puberty. It is important for an educator to know that a child who has autism may be a risk of seizures. They would want to learn about seizures, including what to do if a student has one. Understanding the

Autism Spectrum Disorder is the Misunderstood Disability

1148 words - 5 pages When people hear the word autism, they think of someone with mental disabilities. Psychology Concepts describes autism as a “complex and poorly understood disorder.” (541) According to the National Institute of Mental Health, autism is defined as “a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD)”. There are five different disorders in the spectrum, which include autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder

Unknown Causes for Autism Spectrum Disorder

635 words - 3 pages The cause of autism is unknown .As a fetus grows into an infant the brain grows normally in most cases. In some cases the infants’ brain will develop abnormally. If the brains function or structure is abnormal the child may act different than others. This disorder is called Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). There are theories stating that the brain of children with Autism’s brain grows faster and larger than normal children. Autism can

A Brief History of Autism Spectrum Disorder

1683 words - 7 pages diagnosed have an excess of deleterious autosomal copy-number variants or CNVs, and private deleterious single-nucleotide variants, or SNVs, then males also diagnosed (Jacquemont et al, 2014). Supporting, that female brains require a more extreme genetic mutation, then males, for Autism to occur, which takes the focus from X chromosome for genetic basis, instead it is a difference in the genome (Autism Speaks, 2014). Autism Spectrum Disorder, ASD, is a

Similar Essays

Asperger’s Syndrome: An Autism Spectrum Disorder

2602 words - 10 pages Asperger's Syndrome: An Autism Spectrum Disorder Let's say you are volunteering as a mentor for an after school program, you are to work with one child for the next few weeks, helping him or her with their homework, giving advice, just spending time with them. On your first day you meet with this child, you attempt to start a conversation, but are immediately cut off by this child talking about trains. He knows about trains from all over the

Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions Essay

2010 words - 8 pages Introduction In 2000, one in every one hundred and fifty children was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Since then, there has been a drastic increase of the incidence of this disorder. In 2014, according to the Centers for Disease Control, autism spectrum disorder occurs in one out of every sixty eight children (CDC, 2014). That is a significant increase over a short period of time. As a parent, when you hear the words “Your child has

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1358 words - 6 pages Autism Spectrum Disorder it a social behaviour inadequacy condition that affects around 1 in every 100 people. It is diagnosed through the use of referral, for a formal assessment which will usually be multi-disciplinary. Autism spectrum disorder is an untreatable disorder however people with autism spectrum disorder can be helped through the use of intervention therapy and various medication. These therapies usually teach the child how to deal

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay 1191 Words

1191 words - 5 pages Control and Prevention have identified that around 1 in 88 children are on the Autism Spectrum. Autism is also five times more prevalent in males than females (1). While Autism seems to be pretty common, there is still some questioning on the actual cause of the disorder. In an article by Autism Speaks they announced: “..we now know that there is no one cause of autism just as there is no one type of autism. Over the last five years, scientists