An Overview Of The Hopi Indians.

4185 words - 17 pages

In the area that is known now as eastern Arizona there is a culture that has lived in the area for at least 1,000 years and perhaps longer. They are the Hopi. They are pueblo Indians who live on three separate mesas (Stephen 1936a: xxvii). The First or East Mesa has three villages. (The term village does not necessarily connote what a European would have thought of as village, it is an area where some have chosen to settle in order to maintain balance.) On the First Mesa are the villages of Walpi, Sichomovi, and Tewa (Stephen 1936a: xxvii). Sichomovi is considered a suburb of Walpi. Tewa is a new settlement compared the others. They were native peoples who moved to assist the Hopi during the Pueblo Revolt in 1680 (Stephen 1936a: xxvii). On the Second or Middle Mesa there are three villages which are called Misho`ninovi, Shuno`povi, and Shipau`lovi (Stephen 1936a: xxvii). The Third or West Mesa contains the oldest settlement in the Hopi civilization, Oraibi. It was the only settlement on the Third Mesa until 1906, when after population growth Hotavila and Pokabi were also settled (Stephen 1936a: xxvii).These native desert peoples were known for as being sedentary as well as their farming techniques. Before domesticated animals and cultivated crops a family had to use what it could survive (O'Kane 1953: 59). In fact the Hopi economy was still entirely based on primitive native resources up until the 19th century when they started to rely on traders (O'Kane 1953: 59). Through the technique of dry farming and irrigation, the Hopi could live in the desert by manipulating flood waters either to their fields or elsewhere to prevent erosion (Ellis & Colton 1974: 71). They obtained their waters for crops from rainfall, underground water supplies and surface runoff that seeped into the porous soils (Ellis & Colton 1974: 79). Their most prized possession was water, and the Hopi people were very well known for their efforts in conserving it (Ellis & Colton 1974: 71). The typicial Hopi crops consisted of corn, peaches, apples, apricots, melons, beans, and other garden vegetables (Ellis & Colton 1974: 84). However the Hopi were not completely dependent on agriculture for their food. They did hunt small game when it was available. The hides of the animal was used for clothes, as well wild plants helped supplement their diet (O'Kane 1953: 59). All in all the Hopi can be described as peaceful, sedentary, self-supporting, and "moral" (Ellis & Colton 1974: 48).When describing the concept of the Hopi pueblo, the terms town or village are irrelevant. To the Hopi, the European concept of "bigger is better" does not apply, as when one thinks of cities and how they are a center of life in the European world. The main philosophy of the Hopi is "balance is best" (Connelly 1980: 51). The first Hopi pueblos were primarily built of stones, which were a copious resource. They were able to build primitive but functional walls (O'Kane 1953: 59). Later, the...

Find Another Essay On An Overview of the Hopi Indians.

An Overview Of The Whitlam Dismissal

1190 words - 5 pages On Tuesday November 11th, 1975, the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, dismissed Mr Gough Whitlam as Prime Minister and appointed Mr Malcolm Fraser as a caretaker Prime Minister.The dismissal was the most dramatic event in the history of the Australian federation. For the first time, an unelected vice-regal representative had removed from office a government, which commanded a majority in the House of Representatives.A Double

An overview of The Eureka Stockade's Rebellion

1063 words - 4 pages ; have manhood suffrage and to have no property qualifications and have payment for Legislative Council members.#The Eureka Stockade provided numerous achievements that can be acknowledged as an influence for Australia's society. The early 1850 period brought the discovery of gold in various locations across Victoria. As a result, a mass exodus of populace occurred from the colony settlements. The discovery also resulted in an influx of

An Overview of the Muscular System

686 words - 3 pages skeletons is the “exoskeleton”, which is found on creatures that have an external shell, or “suite of armor.” (Hoefnagels). In this structure, the animal has an internal muscular system which pulls on the skeleton, creating motion within the body. In all species of vertebrates, the skeleton serves as a mold and pattern for the shape that the body will take; there are various types of skeletons, which serve individual purposes. For instance, the

An Overview of the Argentine Financial Crisis

1929 words - 8 pages a currency board—to Argentina’s economy that laid the foundation for the financial collapse in 2001 (Hornbeck, 2002). In an effort to move Argentina from an internationally isolated and state-dominated economy to one that encouraged international trade and foreign investments, Carlos Menem, in the early 1990s, initiated a wave of privatization, which included state-owned industries such as utilities (Feldstein, 2002). Following the examples

An Overview of the Movie Pitch Perfect

1467 words - 6 pages the movie, a second show aired right after the first show ended. This hilarious film made over thirteen million dollars, which is phenomenal. The production budget of Pitch Perfect cost about seventeen million dollars. This film gives an in site and a better understanding of college life. This film gives examples of confidence, courage, and lasting friendships college students endure. Students are able to gain the knowledge and strength to be

An Overview of Postmodernism

2754 words - 11 pages to Mexican immigrants, gradually, these groups found an open window towards freedom of expression in arts and literature alongside their fight for social inclusion and acceptance. It is in this background that Postmodernism started taking shape and became a common ground on which practitioners from all social domains would produce their work. There are many voices debating the meanings of postmodernism, discussing its validity or simply denying

An overview of MRP

597 words - 2 pages needed? And when is it needed?The primary inputs of MRP are a bill of materials, which tells the composition of a finished product; a master schedule, which tells how much finished product is desired and when; and an inventory records file, which tells how much inventory is on hand or on order. The planner processes this information to determine the net requirements for each period of the planning horizon.Outputs from the process include planned

An overview of Hajj.

1337 words - 5 pages Hajj is a holy pilgrimage which all Muslims must try and take at least once in their lives. It is meant to be a journey to get closer to Allah and to help you understand your religion in a more spiritual way.The Hajj is described as "an inward journey to the Ka'bah of the heart and soul" in one passage of a book, Hajj is also described in a Muslim dictionary as "the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah

An Overview of Globalization

3286 words - 13 pages study globalization because understanding the contemporary international political economy is an essential part of being an informed citizen. Understanding globalization is a very important part of learning about our human involvement with the environment and society. Our daily experiences at school, work, and home are an integral part of the globalization process. We live in an independent global political economy. The concept of understanding

An Overview of Landscaping

2795 words - 11 pages Landscaping is a profession that involves a natural environment to look a certain way. This profession relies on gardening, but landscaping also involves the installation of a wall and other features. There are many reasons to practice landscaping from making a place look more inviting or make an area more functional. Landscaping has been around for thousands of years. To show for that is the ancient culture gardens. Landscaping was used for

An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound of the Baskervilles

2112 words - 9 pages created that in turn was a success that out lived the author, Doyle. However, The Hound of the Baskervilles is said to be the best mystery novel of all time. Furthermore, it has elements of mystery that add suspense and keep the reader on edge. Arthur Conan Doyle wrote The Hound of the Baskervilles, creating Sherlock Holmes and provided points to overview. Sherlock Holmes is a fictional character that is an excellent detective. The character

Similar Essays

Symbols Of The Hopi Pottery Essay

2085 words - 8 pages ” that this is just a design he will not believe him, so instead he makes up a story. This helps the Indian market his product as well as avoid confusion on the meaning of the pottery by the “white man” (“Museum Notes: An Introduction”1). When the potter is getting ready to start the painting process he /she already knows the design that is going to be painted on the piece. The Hopi potters do not draw the designs on the pots or trace it

An Overview Of The Olympics. Essay

580 words - 2 pages The Olympic Games are an international sports competition. In the Olympics, athletes play in many types of games. Some athletes compete in the Summer Olympics. Some compete in the Summer Olympics. The Olympic Games are very old and have a very interesting history.The first Olympic Games were held in Greece in ancient times. They probably began in the sixth century B.C. The contests are held every four years in the summer. The first games lasted

Overview Of The Career Of An Engineer

1479 words - 6 pages design engineer, aerodynamics engineers, etc. The responsibilities of design engineer is to construct total design of the aircraft, including its shape, performance, propulsion, and guidance and control system (“Aerospace Engineer”). Design engineers use program called CAD (computer-aided design) to translate their ideas into drawing that can be tested over and over (Aerospace Engineers). The aerodynamics engineers are responsible for an

An Overview Of The Indian Elevator Market

2733 words - 11 pages An Overview of the Indian Elevator Market Since the liberalization of the Indian economy in 1991, there has been a great increase in the demand for elevators, also the government had imposed a ban on collapsible gate elevators, thus creating a path for international players to capture this segment. During this period Schindler was trying to establish at 100% subsidiary to start its operations in India. Indian customers are considered to be