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An Overview Of Hajj. Essay

1337 words - 5 pages

Hajj is a holy pilgrimage which all Muslims must try and take at least once in their lives. It is meant to be a journey to get closer to Allah and to help you understand your religion in a more spiritual way.The Hajj is described as "an inward journey to the Ka'bah of the heart and soul" in one passage of a book, Hajj is also described in a Muslim dictionary as "the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah; at least once in a lifetime a Muslim is expected to make a religious journey to Mecca and the Ka'bah; "for a Muslim the hajj is the ultimate act of worship". During the journey of Hajj it is necessary for the pilgrim to complete a set number of tasks in order to complete the pilgrimage successfully.The pilgrimage starts at Makkah because Makkah is where Muhammad (pbuh) was born. Muhammad (pbuh) is particularly important to the Islamic faith because he is the last Prophet of Islam to spread Allah's word. Non-Muslims generally consider him the "founder" of Islam and the Islamic Empire. According to traditional Muslim biographers, he was born 570 CE in Makkah and died June 8, 632 CE in Medina; both Makkah and Medina are cities in the Arabian Peninsula. Muhammad (pbuh) is said to have been a merchant who traveled widely. Early Muslim sources report that in 611, at about the age of 40, while meditating in a cave near Makkah, he experienced a vision. Later, he described the experience to those close to him as a visit from the Angel Jibril , who commanded him to memorize and recite the verses later collected as the Qur'an. He eventually expanded his mission, publicly preaching a strict monotheism and predicting a Day of Judgment for sinners and idol-worshippers -- such as his tribesmen and neighbors in Mecca. He did not completely reject Judaism and Christianity, two other monotheistic faiths known to the Arabs; he only claimed to complete and perfect their teachings. He soon acquired both a following and the hatred of his neighbors. In 622 CE he was forced to flee from Makkah and settle in Yathrib (now known as Medina) with his followers, where he was the leader of the first avowedly Muslim community. War between Makkah and Medina followed, in which Muhammad (pbuh) and his followers were eventually victorious. The military organization honed in this struggle was then set to conquering the other pagan tribes of Arabia. By the time of Muhammad's death, he had unified Arabia and launched a few expeditions to the north, towards Syria and Palestine.Hajj takes place between 6 days in the Islamic month Dhul-Hijjah, it must be between the 8th-13th of this month, but the exact timings of these dates depends on the position of the moon, this is because the Islamic calendar is a lunar based calendar so all major events in the Islamic calendar are decided by the moon. Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, the other Pillars of Islam are the five fundamental things involved in the Sunni branch of the Islamic faith....

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