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Anabolic Steroids Essay

1129 words - 5 pages

Anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse has become a national concern among adolescent athletes and non-athletes. There has been a significant increase in the number of adolescents who use these performance-enhancement drugs since a decade back. These adolescents who use steroids believe that steroids help them appear more attractive and perform better at sports compared to their competitors, which makes them feel that they need to use steroids to boost themselves past the competition. Let us not forget that steroids can be used in two different ways, the legal way prescribed by doctors as a medical treatment for many diseases, or illegally by adolescents who are athletes or non-athletes, ...view middle of the document...

Discussion
Background
Anabolic steroids are drugs that are derived from the male hormone testosterone. “Testosterone was originally synthesized in 1935 by biochemist” (Taylor 16). Testosterone, produced essentially by the testes (gland), is responsible for the muscle growth during male adolescence, which results in dramatic increases in muscle size. Anabolic steroids were made in the late 1930s (Trenton and Currier 572). However, anabolic steroid use is controversial because it is banned in many sports and comes with severe side effects. (good)
Anabolic steroid use has become a concern not just in the US but internationally among high school athletes. There has been a significant increase in the number of athletes using these performance-enhancing drugs in high school. The use of steroids almost doubled between 2010 and 2013 (“Steroid use soars”). These athletes feel that steroids give them the competitive edge that will boost them past the competition. The use of steroids is not just common among high school athletes but also among regular high school students. This problem is not only associated with professional athletes, but many other high school students as well. Recent reports estimate that 5 to 12 percent of male high school students and 1 percent of female students use steroids, which means that this behavior has been spreading between students at a high rate (“Steroid use soars”). (Good)

The reasons of abusing steroids
Anabolic steroids are mostly used by adolescents who are athletes, bodybuilders, and those who frequently exercise. They believe steroids improve their physical performance. Also, adolescents who are non-athletes who like to stay in shape are known to take these kinds of drugs. Steroids are known to increase muscles strength and aggressiveness. Steroids also allow bodybuilders to work out more because they reduce recovery time between trainings, which makes it possible to train harder and, in addition, improve strength and endurance. Some adolescents who are not athletes also take steroids to increase their strength and endurance and to “gain muscle mass and lose body fat,” which they believe improves personal appearance with less effort (Harrison and Kanayama 251). (Good)
The use of steroids is mostly confined to males, regardless of them being athletes or non-athletes. Males usually more frequently use steroids to have a more attractive body and better performance. According to Nilsson...

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