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Anabolic Steroids Essay

1562 words - 6 pages

Anabolic Steroids

     Anabolic steroids are synthetic coumpounds formulated to be like the
male sex hormone testosterone. Many athletes use anabolic steroids male and
female alike, such as body builders , weightlifters, baseball players, football
players, swimmers, and runners. They do so because they mistakenly believe that
they will gain strength and size.

     In a male testosterone is released by the leydig cells in the testes.
The testosterone has two main functions androgenic and anabolic. Androgenic is
the development of male sex characteristics. Anabolic is the development of
muscle tissue.

     To treat patients who suffer from a natural lack of testosterone
pharmacoligists alter one form of testosterone slightly, increasing th length of
time the drug is active. Testosterone was first isolated in 1935, soon forms of
testosterone such as dianabol, durabolin, deca-durabolin, and winstrol were
produced.

     One of the main effects of anabolic steroids is to increase the number
of red blood cells and muscle tissue without producing much of the androgenic
effects of testosterone. There are only four legal uses for steroids treatment
for certain forms of cancer, pituatary dwarfism, and serious hormone
disturbances.

     There are two forms of anabolic steroids those taken orally and those
injected. The immediate effects of both are mood swings of many different kinds.
In one study, physicians Ian Wilson, Arthur Prang, Jr., and Patricio Lara found
that four out of five men suffering from dippresion when given a steroid
suffered from dillusions. A research team from Great Britian Found that a
patient given steroids became dizzy, dissoriented, and incoherent. Physicians
William Layman and William Annitto have had a case of a young man who was
diagnosed as schizophrenic took steriods to help with his wieghtlifting. After
taking these drugs he suffered severe deppresion and anxiety and had trouble
sleeping.

     Most people who use steroids do not have side affects this severe.
Steroids make changes in the electroencephalogram (an image of brain ellectrical
activity). Researchers believe that these changes are responsible for some of
the behavior changes in users of steroids like increased hostility and
aggressivness.

     Even though there not supposed to some of the masculinizing effects of
testosterone still show on users of anabolic steroid . People who use them
sometimes develop acne, deepend voice, abnormal hair growth. Some of these side
effects can not be reveresed. Men who use steroids may become more or less
interested in sex.

     The most severe effect of anabolic steroids is on the liver they call it
peliosis hepatis or blood filled cysts in the liver. If the cysts rupture they
can cause liver failure which can kill a person....

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