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Analyse And Evaluate The Social And Economic Causes Of 2 Of The 1848 Revolutions

833 words - 4 pages

It could be said that the reasons for the 1848 revolutions was the aspects of failure of the 1830 revolutions, also the fact that most European countries were economically backward apart from a few such as Britain and Belgium. The revolutions had some important effects on European affairs and one, notably, is the resignation of Metternich. This in some ways encouraged the development of risings for example in Italy where Austrian influence was strong and also all that Metternich stood for was the opposite of what The revolutionaries stood for, liberalism and nationalism. The common causes of the 1848 revolutions were economical problems such as food shortages, financial crisis, unemployment, ...view middle of the document...

Also corruption was widespread from the prime minister to shop owners with dishonest weights. More importantly there was wide discontent among the middle classes mainly because of their alienation from the ruling class. The middle class was tired of hearing Prime Minister Guizot say: "Get rich, then you can vote", they were about to erupt. However the fall of Louis Philippe was precipitated by riots of the working classes in Paris and not by the middle class which links back to the point that his downfall was due to financial matters and it also shows that discontent was among the general population not just the middle class. These were contributing factors along with more social orientated unrests such as the mutual opposition between the Republicans who accepted France as a 'Republic' and the Socialists who wanted a 'Social Republic', which eventually drove France into revolution; there is no one defining factor in the initiation of the revolution.There was a whole different situation in Italy. Firstly there was little class consciousness, however, Italy was not unified making a possible revolution difficult, as it would require the Italian states to cooperate and they were ruled by absolute monarchs which were as rotten as any other absolute monarchy. Also, Italy was under Austrian influence as it controlled the north east of Italy. Eventually we learn that the states were not united enough and the only state powerful enough to...

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