Analyse The Extent To Which The Supernatural, Lady Macbeth And Macbeth Himself Are Responsible For Macbeth's Downfall.

1358 words - 5 pages

In a tragedy the main character rises to greatness, and then continues to fall down a shame spiral which leads to their down fall. An example of a tragedy is "Macbeth". Macbeth is driven up the hill of greatness a rise, and then his untamed ambition leads him to death. The process of a tragedy is slow to let the audience become comfortable with the power and happiness of the main character. Then all of the sudden signs appear that the end is coming and the main character heads toward downfall. In this tragic story of Macbeth, Shakespeare shows us that Macbeth is very ambitious, courageous, and a moral coward, all of which are factors which lead to his tragic death. Although Macbeth does take actions that lead to his downfall, one should believe that he is not totally responsible for what happens in the play. There are other people in the play such as the supernatural, Lady Macbeth and then lastly, Macbeth himself.Supernatural beings are used to create dramatic emphasis in all forms of literature. Shakespeare uses witches, ghosts, and apparitions in his play, Macbeth, to generate this effect. The witches added an element of the supernatural to Macbeth, as did the appearance of Banquo's ghost and the apparitions that emerged at Macbeth's final meeting with the three witches. All of these occurrences created a more dramatic atmosphere of suspense in Macbeth. The witches in the story are like prophets, foretelling Macbeth's future, or perhaps they can be considered harbingers of doom. They seem to enjoy playing with Macbeth's mind. The witches chant together in an alarming fashion: "The weird sisters, hand in hand, Posers of the sea and land, Thus do go about, about: Thrice to thine, and thrice to mine, and thrice again, to make up nine. Peace! The charm's wound up." (Act I, Scene 3, 33-37) They seem to belong to a genre of an evil cult, and cults are not well known for producing positive actions and reactions in society. Although he takes the action that leads to his downfall, Macbeth perhaps would not have done this if the witches had not told him that he would be king in Act 1 Scene 3. This leads one to believe that it is the witches are more responsible for Macbeth's downfall than he himself is. Later in the story, the witches tell Macbeth that he is thane of Glamis, thane of Cawdor and that he "shalt be king hereafter" (Act 1, Scene 3, 53). Immediately after hearing the witches prophesize that he will be king, Macbeth thinks that he must kill the current king to become king himself. That may mean that before hearing the witch's prophecies, Macbeth had never in his wildest dreams thought of killing King Duncan to become king himself. Macbeth, again, meets with the witches, who tell him through apparitions, "Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff. Beware the thane of Fife". (Act 4, Scene 1, 7-8). In the following scene, we see murderers sent by Macbeth enter Macduff's castle and slaughter both Lady Macduff and her son. The witches are also...

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