Analyse Why Some Us Pressure Groups Are More Successful Than Others In Achieving Their Aims And Objectives.

1336 words - 5 pages

Analyse why some US pressure groups are more successful than others in achieving their aims and objectives.Lawrence Liu 13APressure groups are organised groups of like-minded individuals who campaign for their own interests and/or to achieve goals or pursue common causes that they wish to promote. They seek to influence public policy by gaining access to decision makers who have power. Therefore, compared to parties, pressure groups represent narrower interests and have narrower aims, do not put up candidates in elections and do not seek or take responsibility for government. However, not all pressure groups are successful. In order to succeed in gaining access to decision makers, Pressure groups need a range of resources, ranging from expertise to money.It can be argued that money is a prominent feature in giving pressure groups a foothold to get their voice heard within government. As with most things in US politics, although unorthodox, money speaks volume. Groups raise money to try to gain access to elected politicians through financial contributions to their campaigns, either through PAC's, or by 'spending behalf of' candidates. Political Action Committee (PAC) are the financial arms of pressure groups which are set up to raise campaign funds and channel them to support or oppose candidates in electoral candidates. The expansion in PACs took place following the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) in 19474 which restricted fund-raising from organisations and 'fat cats', leaving a funding gap to be filled. The impact of the reforms limited spending in Primaries, Caucuses, State conventions and General Elections, as well as controlling the amount of hard money donated to candidates to $5000. However, the PAC's 'bundled' these contributions to increase the sum given and effectively were given money for 'issue advocacy' to advertise on behalf of candidates. The impact of PAC's on the electoral process is therefore reflected by the millions of dollars raised and spent by groups, and therefore vital in a close race. For instance, it is argued that members of Congress will not speak out against powerful interest groups such as the NRA or the pro-Israel lobby, as they are afraid of being targeted for defeat. The impact of money therefore shows how a group's funding is a major factor in determining their success, as wealthier pressure groups are often able to exercise more influence through the media and donations to, and on the behalf of political candidates.Furthermore, the idea of money also reflect the success of a pressure group as wealthy pressure groups can hire professional lobbyists to make links with members of Congress in order to try to influence their voting in committees. For instance, in 1999, $1.45 billion was spent on lobbying activities, in which the lobbying industry grew by 7% Specifically, key figures include former members of Congress, who may pass through the 'revolving door' widely perceived as linking service in Congress with...

Find Another Essay On Analyse why some US pressure groups are more successful than others in achieving their aims and objectives.

Economic Inequalities. "Some people are equal but some are more equal than others," by using this quote by George Orwell, we can understand the inequalities in our society.

758 words - 3 pages Economic InequalitiesGeorge Orwell stated that, "all people are equal but some are more equal than others." This statement has been an ideology through many civilizations through the history of mankind, and has prevailed through to modern society. Although in theory all persons are equal, many people subconsciously place prejudices upon people of different gender, race, religion, socio-economic background, appearance and sexual preferences.I

Race and Intelligence - Are different races more intelligent than others?

655 words - 3 pages which looks down on education and then take an IQ test, it is no wonder they don't do well with the test.There is an example in Inheriting Intelligence of sunflowers that were planted in good soil, had plenty of sun, watered, well taken care of. Some were taller than others, able to garner more sun; other had thicker stocks, the better to handle strong wind. These genetic differences help these plants survive in the same conditions. Now we have

Some Careers Require More Professional Employees than Others

1369 words - 6 pages professional when out of the office; their personal life is just a bit more private when it comes to what’s happening off the clock. As professional as today’s workforce may seem, these two careers stand out from the rest. Both of these careers require more professionalism than one would think. Professional personnel within these two career choices are what’s keeping these careers so successful! Although television news anchors and financial

Animal farm by george orwell. essay must be more than 750 words.explain and express values of the quotation "all animals are equal but some are more equal than others."

893 words - 4 pages This essay will explain and make relationships evident between the quotation 'all animals are equal but some are more equal than others' and different language values and ideas from the novella 'Animal Farm' by George Orwell. Firstly, Orwell uses satire as a reason for using animals as characters to highlight certain human flaws so that he can ridicule them. Secondly, irony is used a lot in this novella especially Napoleon. Thirdly, allegory is

Some Minds are Stronger Than Others: Viktor Frankl's Perseverance in Auschwitz

941 words - 4 pages looking down, a friend, family member, or even God, who would expect not to be disappointed.” Determination was a prime factor during this time, and Frankl believed that if you kept your head up and remained determined through anything thrown at you, you will find peace. In conclusion, the book showed me that some minds are stronger than others and have the potential to endure more stress than others. The mind is a very powerful and unique

Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia: Why Do Some Regions Have Stronger Sub-national Identities than Others?

2395 words - 10 pages use of regional language or any public display of sub-nationalism for almost forty years. For these reasons, Catalonia, Basque Country, and Galicia are considered some of the most subnational autonomous communities in Spain. Each region, however, differs in their central goals to achieve succession from Spain. While the Basques promote a more primordial, ethnic, and exclusionary form of nationalism, the Catalans promote language and are more

In what ways and why are the Committees of the US Congress so much more Powerful than the Committees of the House of Commons?

1141 words - 5 pages seems that the overriding factor is the actual roles and the powers given to the committees in each system to perform these roles that gives the committees in congress considerably more power than their counterparts in the house of commons. Their powers being, the ability to stop or delay a proposed bill before it reaches the house of Reps or the senate, a power totally devoid of british committees, whose only powers it seems lie in their ability to amend bills. A power also enjoyed by the committees of congress. This we can say is decisive evidence that the committees of the US Congress are much more powerful in the way they can determine national and state politics.

How And Why Did The Nazis Use Propaganda To Futher Their Aims 1929-33 Ans How Successful Was It????

1065 words - 4 pages How and why did the Nazis use propaganda to further their aims 1929-33 and how successful was it??? Propaganda is a term used to describe untrue stories put about amongst the media and general public to boost something or someone's opinion about a certain thing while it could also in tail degrading something similar or in opposition to you.The Nazis used propaganda to great extreme in the 1929 "“ 33 period to try and make them stand out

In a world of increasing globalization, and individualization, we are more concerned with our own lives, choices, destiny than with the lives, choices, destiny of others.

2175 words - 9 pages : in a world of increasing globalization, and individualization, we are more concerned with our own lives, choices, destiny than with the lives, choices, destiny of others.ANTHONY GIDDEN: Globalization is the way of the future. It will connect everyone with everything. No longer will there be divides within our society. Cultures will be bridge. Globalization is the natural result of human expansion. It will bring us all together. It is the key to

Agree or Disagree: Both President Kennedy and President Johnson were more successful in dealing with domestic affairs than foreign affairs

2937 words - 12 pages Both President Kennedy and President Johnson were more successful in dealing with domestic affairs than foreign affairs. Kennedy focused on domestic policies such as Economic Policies and Civil Rights, while Johnson focused on domestic affairs such as the War on Poverty, Education and Health and Civil Rights.In President Kennedy's foreign policy, Kennedy had a new philosophy. He first tried to move away from Secretary of State, John Dulles's

Was any one of these reasons more important than the others in Hitler's rise to power?

1178 words - 5 pages Question 3. Was any one of these reasons more important than the others in Hitler's rise to power?The Treaty of Versailles was important to Hitler's rise to power because, it was the cause of Germany's downfall. Hitler felt very strongly about the Treaty of Versailles and thought the terms were unfair towards Germany. Many German people also despised the treaty, and wanted something done about it. Hitler was there to turn to. He wanted to

Similar Essays

Why Are Some Assets More Liquid Than Others? Explain How Information Asymmetries Can Cause Markets To Collapse/ Reduce In Liquidity.

1702 words - 7 pages Why are some assets more liquid than others? Explain how information asymmetries can cause markets to collapse/ reduce in liquidity.Part One: When a person invests in a financial institution, the institution in turn invests this money where they see fit. Their aim: to earn interest on the money, over and above the guaranteed rate of return they have promised their clients; hence making a profit for themselves.The more money these institutions

Acceptance Of Scociety, Describibe Why Some Types Of Freakishness And/Or Disabilities Are Accepted By Society More Than Others.

786 words - 3 pages Acceptance of SocietyWhy is it that some forms of freakishness or disabilities are accepted by society more than others, making them more marketable? Disability is a word with many different definitions. Webster defines disability as, "The state of being disabled; deprivation or want of ability; absence of competent physical, intellectual, or moral power, means, fitness, and the like" (Webster 109). I see disabilities as an impairment that may

Exploring Why Some Hazards Are Easier To Predict Than Others

1538 words - 6 pages Exploring Why Some Hazards Are Easier to Predict Than Others For my essay I will looking at different case studies and reasons why it appears that some hazards are easier to predict then others. There were 497 reported natural hazards that took a significant human toll - between 1974 and 1978. The last five years have seen 1,897 of them, a nearly three fold increase. Between 1974 and 1978, 195 million people were

Reconciliation And The ‘Indian Problem’: How Some Parts Of Canada Are More Forward Looking Than Others.

3376 words - 14 pages have been rooted form the general suppression of Aboriginal culture, dispossession of lands, and various other forms of colonialist assimilation techniques. The ‘colonial stains’ are certainly bountiful, that is why reconciliation between Aboriginal peoples, and the settler population, is a long and tedious process that involves all members of the community. The TRC’s approach for achieving reconciliation is certainly heading in the right