Analysing The British Political System Essay

3567 words - 14 pages

The British political system is a complex and challenging concept to analyze and understand. The only way to achieve this, is to distinguish between each part of the system, beginning with the 'constitution'. Following this, a description into the characteristics of the executive branch of the constitution and finally the legislative branch.The most established definition of a constitution refers to the embodiment of a document(s) detailing the most dominant laws which authenticate the structure of government of the country in question. Also a constitution can state the rights and requirements of the people within a country/state, i.e. who can vote, stand for parliament etc. A constitution may contain formal limitations on the power of government; a well known example of this is the U.S. Bill of Rights, which is the first ten amendments to the American Constitution.It can be said that a constitution can administer legitimacy throughout the system by defining the powers of government and the rights and responsibilities of the people. It also appoints, controls and restricts (where necessary) authority within a country.However, in Britain, the constitution is uncodified. This means that there is not one document that details the features of the constitution. The British constitution can be said to exemplify the judgments and knowledge of past rulers, political ambassadors, etc and to be the product of experience rather than perception, "...was never invented or designed but just grew, so that political facts became constitutional rules." (Madgwick & Woodhouse, 1995:11,18)1 However, it has been accused of being an 'elective dictatorship' by former Lord Chancellor Lord Hailsham, "The sovereignty of Parliament has increasingly become, in practice, the sovereignty of the Commons, and the sovereignty of the Commons has increasingly become the sovereignty of the government which, in addition to its influence in Parliament, controls the party whips, the party machine, and the civil service. This means that what has always been an elective dictatorship in theory, but one in which the component parts operated in practice to control one another, has become a machine in which one of those parts has come to exercise a predominant influence over the rest."(Quoted in The Search for Justice, Hodder and Stoughton, 1994)2. In other words, the government can do what it pleases as long as it has the support of the House of Commons and the parliamentary party.Although the British constitution is uncodified, there are still rules, laws, customs etc that must be followed.Statute law is a law passed by Parliament. This can also be of constitutional nature, for example, "Acts determining the composition of the electorate and the conduct of elections, and Acts laying down the powers and composition of the House of Lords."3Common Law can be described as unwritten law of the people and can date back centuries, although is can also be described as laws that are determined...

Find Another Essay On Analysing the British Political System

The American Political System Essay

1088 words - 4 pages The American Political System The American political system is a federal system, which consists of division of a national government and state governments. However, it was not always a federal system, it was not based on the Constitution

The Japanese Political System Essay

1240 words - 5 pages world. In March 2011, thousands were killed and nuclear power plants were damaged by the strongest-ever earthquake came with an accompanying tsunami. This catastrophe challenged Japan’s ability to deal with natural disasters and hobbled its national development. Politic The Japanese political system operates through parties just like other democracies. This is true except the fact that the concept of a political party was regarded with severe

The Caribbean Current Political System

1007 words - 5 pages The Political System Among the many hindrances to sustainable innovation in the Caribbean is the political system (The Westminster model) adopted by Caribbean territories. This model has not demonstrated any hope of sustained innovation, and has not been effective in harnessing cohesiveness in the Caribbean region. Arguably, the disruptive nature of this system is not conducive to long term planning which is essential for innovation. The

Polarization in the Political System

2334 words - 9 pages that is not conducive (or even relevant) to good government.The role of competition in our political system is an inherently contradictory one. We accept the fact that politicians must compete ruthlessly to gain office using whatever tactics are necessary to win.We then, somehow, expect them to completely change their behavior once they are elected. At that point we expect cooperation, compromise, and a statesmanlike attitude. Alfie Kohn (1986

Research Methods: The British Education System

1777 words - 7 pages SECTION 1:Title: the British and foreign university systems.Research Question:Is the British university system better than other countries? Is the British university system the main reason why the foreign students prefer to study in UK?Research Objective:To identify the differences that there are in the British Education System and to know Why the students prefer the British system.SECTION 2: (382 words)Literature Review:Previous studies carried

The role of the media in British political state

1204 words - 5 pages The media plays an extremely important role within the British political system, even if one doesn't imagine so to begin with. All world events are informed to the public via the media as they give us a framework for understanding past, present and future events. Our political world is changing every day and to keep up with our changing world one needs a source that is changing along with the world as well. The functions of the media it has been

An Outline of the English Political System

4650 words - 19 pages reflects British two-party system: 1.-Seats are arranged in two rows of benches facing each other -left: where the Gov. sits. -right: opposition benches. There's no opportunity for reflection of all various shades of political opinion (E.g. Spanish semicircle layout);a third party is not contemplated. -Any 3rd party MP will sit on the opposition benches furthest away from the speaker. According to what's being discussed they

Disillusionment With the American Political System

3847 words - 15 pages from anywhere. Socially the changes have been just as tremendous, though perhaps not always for the better. Divorce rates have skyrocketed. Children frequently massacre one another on school grounds. The income inequality gap has steadily risen. Overall, Americans are feeling less connected to one another than ever before. One casualty of this national disillusionment is the American political system. The average citizen no longer trusts

Impact Of British Colonialism on the Indian Caste System

2930 words - 12 pages backward. The coming and the going of the British brought the greatest changes in perception and reality. In pre-colonial India, the Brahmans were superior to Kings; religion was not intertwined with the political system. State forms played an important role in the Indian society; they were however partially assailable to the state (on the western Categories). The caste system in India shaped its society; this was facilitated by process and

The Need to Reform the Political System in 1815

1466 words - 6 pages The Need to Reform the Political System in 1815 In this question the focus is on the need to reform the political system which was in place in 1815. This meant that people who had a seat in parliament were often the aristocracy or gentry in British society. There was no salary paid to MP’s and therefore only a few people could afford to enter the field of politics. From this quote we can infer that it refers to the needs

The Effect of Political Machines on the Democratic System

1172 words - 5 pages The Effect of Political Machines on the Democratic System “A really efficient totalitarian state would be one in which the all-powerful executive of political bosses and their army of managers control a population of slaves who do not have to be coerced, because they love their servitude To make them love it is the task assigned” - Aldous Huxley (Quotes, 1). Through the strong sarcasm in this statement the negative

Similar Essays

The British Political System Essay

2362 words - 9 pages It is well known that the British political system is one of the oldest political systems in the world. Obviously, it was formed within the time. The United Kingdom of the Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the constitutional monarchy, providing stability, continuity and national focus. The monarch is the head of state, but only Parliament has the right to create and undertake the legislation. The basis of the United Kingdom’s political

The British Electoral System Essay

1776 words - 7 pages The British Electoral System In democratic states, electoral systems are of great importance. Elections give people the right to choose their government; ensure that governments represent the majority (or largest minority) of the people; ensure peaceful changes of government (stability); allow people with fresh ideas an opportunity to enter the political arena; confer legitimacy of government and allow the government

The Political Party System Essay

1733 words - 7 pages arises when these districts are drawn in a bias form, commonly known as gerrymandering. Gerrymandering allows politicians to form districts in their favor or their parties favor. One solution to this problem that this paper will discuss is proportional representation which can alleviate the winner takes all political system which encourages gerrymandering. In the mean time, the U.S. has a two party political system which has positive and

The Danish Political System Essay

1357 words - 6 pages The Danish political system The Danish Political System is democratic. Something special about the Danish democracy is that the States administration is established on a voluntary agreement between the citizens of the country and the constitutional monarchy. The citizens use their influence indirectly through voting for parties, which is also know as a representative democracy. Folketinget is the danish Parliament and is the legislative