I have read a book written by Darlene E. Clover, which named Global Perspectives in Environmental Adult Education: Justice, Sustainability, and Transformation. This book outlines theories and practices in environmental adult education that are emerging worldwide. The need for environmental adult education arises not from a deficit platform of andlaquo; lack of awareness and andlaquo; individual behavior modification-but rather from the asset belief in an existing - if sometimes hidden - ecological knowledge of the need for a deeper sociopolitical, race, and gender analysis of environmental problems, and the power and potential of democratic participation and collective action. Authors from Canada, the Philippines, Kenya, India, Mexico, Fiji, Australia, Sudan, and the United States examine areas such as racism and the legacy of colonization, self-governance and community resistance, ecological, women's and indigenous knowledge, international development and globalization, feminist pedagogical and arts-based practices, and participatory research practice.
In this book, the author researches some details about education justice, especially the phenomenon of racial discrimination and gender discrimination. As everyone knows, at present, adult education has the largest scale in the American education field, and it’s mode of running is the most flexible, at the same time, adult education relates to wide range of education content, for these reasons, adult education forms a separate domain and independents of general education, simultaneously, it plays an important role in the U.S education system. To create communities education to realize the adults’ lifelong learning needs is the goal of the America education.
Although after two hundred years of development, American higher education in the world first to achieve the target of "Popularization". However, minorities’ especially blacks and Native Americans’ education opportunity to receive higher education is serious inequity.
After independence, although the Constitution provides for equal rights for all, but allowing slavery exists. So the right of black long been deprived of civil war, after the victory of the new constitution part, color American and guarantee freedom and equality of all citizens. Black people hold the freedoms and the right of freedom in law. However, the blacks did not get equal citizenship, and running isolating black and white on the education of a number of states. In the field of students, teachers, equipment and funds, there are few black schools can be as good as the white schools. And most black students and minority students can only accept a two-year Community College or State University education after graduating from high school.
America education secretary Duncan says, from the date, in some districts and universities have different racial inequality of educational phenomenon. Actually, according to the unequal opportunities between different races in education,...