Analysis and Critique of Brave New World
The novel opens in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning
Centre, in the years A.F., or After Ford. Ford is the God-surrogate, a
corruption of the name Freud, the controversial psychosexual
psychologist. The Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning is leading a
tour group of young students around a lab. He explains the scientific
process by which human beings are fertilized and custom-made, and
shows them the Social Predestination room, where workers create the
social castes. They pass onto the conditioning rooms, where they
reinforce the caste divisions by sleep-teaching.
Lenina confirms with Bernard that she would like to go on a trip with
him to The Savage Reservation. Following her departure, there is more
bitterness on the part of Bernard concerning his own inferiority.
Lenina and Henry eat dinner, go on a soma-holiday, and see a concert
of synthetic music. Later, they have sex. The next day is Bernard
Marx's Solidarity Service Day. A group of men and women sing and take
soma together, and it eventually turns into an "orgy-porgy".
Lenina and Bernard go on a date. He tries to show her the ocean, and
to express some of his subversive views to her, but she cries. She
convinces him to take soma, and they go back to his rooms and have
sex. The next day, when Lenina asks him if he had fun, Bernard is
pained at the way she seems to degrade herself.
He and Lenina go to The Savage Reservation. Lenina shudders at the
unclean conditions. They meet John, The Savage. He tells his story to
Bernard, and it turns out that he is the illegitimate son of the
Director and Linda, a woman who disappeared twenty-five years ago.
John tells Bernard his life story. He feels desperately unhappy and
alone. Bernard identifies with John and invites him to return to
London with them.
Bernard triumphantly presents Linda and John, the Director's lost
woman and illegitimate son. The Director is laughed out of office.
Bernard is the big man on campus.
Lenina is interested in The Savage, and so she takes him out, and much
to her chagrin, they do not have sex.
The Savage refuses to appear at an assembly. This shatters Bernard's
reputation. Lenina is absent-minded, thinking about the Savage. He
tells her he loves her and she undresses. Disgusted by the sexual
degradation of the society, he violently rejects her.
The Savage is in the Hospital for the Dying to visit his mother. He
hears the low-caste workers and several children talking badly about
her and has a violent reaction. Suddenly, Linda wakes, recognizes him,
and dies. He attempts to destroy a large supply of soma, causing a
riot, and the police take him away, along with Bernard and Helmholtz.
The three meet with Mustapha Mond. Mustapha Mond and the Savage speak
of religion. Mond says that there is a choice between machinery,
scientific medicine, and universal happiness-- or God.
The Savage flees, planning to...