Many scriptures found in Deuteronomy along with several scriptures in the Old and New Testament point to Moses as being the author of Deuteronomy. One main verse that points to Moses as being the author of Deuteronomy is 31:9 which states, “9 Then Moses wrote this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel. The book of Deuteronomy never clearly states who the author is, but by all viewing all other scripture and the scripture found in the book of Deuteronomy Moses seems to be the only person that could have possibly written the book of Deuteronomy. Moses audiences in this book are the tribes of Israel. Many Jewish scholars who interpret the book of Deuteronomy believe that Moses audience were the elders of each tribe who delivered what Moses had spoke. The starting date of Deuteronomy is 1451 BC. Moses gives three speeches throughout this book, but there are five parts that make up the covenant renewal. The five parts of the covenant renewal that take place in Deuteronomy are the Preamble, Historical Prologue, Terms, Sanctions, and Ratifications. The Ten Commandments are given to people of Israel in the book of Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy is all about renewing the covenant between God and His people. God spoke to Moses and used Moses to speak to the people of Israel. The covenant renewal took place in the desert which was east of the Jordan River. Everything that took place in the book of Deuteronomy was in the Plains of Moab and in the crossing of the Jordan River to the Promise Land. The generation of Exodus was no more and Moses now led the new generation. In order for the people of Israel to enter into the Promise Land the renewing of the covenant had to happen.
The author of Deuteronomy is Moses according to both Old and New Testament passages. Moses is the new leader for the new generation. God chose to speak to Moses and used him to speak to the people of Israel. Moses writes the book of Deuteronomy with five different parts and three speeches given by Moses himself. Moses starts Deuteronomy with the Preamble. In the Preamble the different parties of the covenant are identified. The different parties are Israel as the receiver, Moses as the mediator, and Yahweh which is God. The covenant took place in the desert east of the Jordan River in the Plain of Moab. The time that the covenant took place was in the fortieth year and it lasted about eleven days. The purpose and reasoning for the covenant was because God instructed Moses to take His Law to the Israel people. Moses was to lead and share with the people all that God revealed to him. Moses reveals all this within the Preamble of Deuteronomy. Next, Moses gives the Historical Prologue in the book of Deuteronomy. In the Historical Prologue Moses explains the past relationships that God had with His people. God made a covenant at Mount Sinai and He gave a...