Analysis Chart About The Five Year Plans

751 words - 3 pages

Analysis about the 5 year plans Mateo Maldonado.The Five Year Plans were a series of nationalized plans for the economic development of the Soviet Union. One of Stalin's main goals was to increase the output of industrial goods, and he placed emphasis on electrical power, capital goods (ex. coal, iron, and machinery), and agriculture. Stalin wanted to make the Soviet Union's economy self-sufficient; as he feared that his nation was falling behind and needed to catch up with the rest of the industrialized world. The Five Year Plans brought all industry and industrial development under state control. In addition, Stalin transformed Soviet agriculture by introducing a system of collectivization, in which peasants worked on collective farms that were owned by the state. All industry was nationalized, and factories were required to meet output quotas determined by the state.The Soviet regime introduced the First Five Year Plan in 1928, which was maintained by the Gosplan. This plan focused on rapid industrialization and initiated the collectivization of agriculture. Among other orders, Stalin demanded a 200% increase in iron production and 335% increase in electrical power, and set his laborers to work with firm restrictions. Prisoners carried out much of the labor, as they were cheap and in large supply. Factory managers documented "lateness, absenteeism, and bad workmanship" for each worker. If a worker was found guilty of treason for any of these reasons, he could be shot or sent to forced labor on the Baltic Sea Canal or the Siberian Railway. In the Soviet Union, workers constructed damns, roads, railways, and canals, which all helped to expand industry and manufacturing. In the agricultural sector, Stalin's introduction of collectivization essentially destroyed the class of kulaks, or wealthy independent farmers who gained their status from the Stolypin reform in 1906. Collectivization led to the starvation or death of many kulaks, and some slaughtered their animals to rebel against being forced to give them up to the government ("First Five-Year Plan"). The Soviet Regime treated the kulaks with hostility, and Stalin forced the deportation of approximately one million kulak households ("Collectivization and Industrialization"). Hundreds of peasants were forced to work on groups of small collective farms, known as a kolkhozy ("Russia under Stalin"). The government required the peasants to sell a large portion of their crops to the state at a low price, and...

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