Analysis Of Against The Odds And Against The Common Good

2119 words - 8 pages

The following two paragraphs are a summary of Gloria Jimenez's essay Against the Odds and Against the Common Good. States should neither allow nor encourage state-run lotteries. There are five major arguments that people use to defend lotteries. One is that most lotteries are run honestly, but if gambling is harmful to society it is irrelevant to argue if they are honest or not. The second is that lotteries create jobs, but there are only a small handful of jobs that would be eliminated if lotteries were put out of business. Another argument that would support keeping lotteries is that, other than gambling addicts, people freely choose to buy lottery tickets. This is true, however, there are misleading advertisements that may cause people to buy tickets under false pretenses.
A forth argument that defends lotteries is that the funds from lotteries benefit honorable causes like educational and social services. While this is true, there are other means that the government could make up for that money. This leads us into the last of the counterarguments, which is the fear that if the government gets rid lotteries they will have to raise taxes to make up for the lack of funding. Since most lottery tickets are shown to be bought by people with low income, raising taxes is a better option then letting these educational services be funded by mostly the poor people and gambling addicts. Getting rid of state-run lotteries and raising taxes would balance out who is funding these services. While it is legal to smoke, because it is harmful, it is not encouraged, just as it should be with lotteries. The state shouldn’t encourage or even tempt people to waste away their money in hopes of getting lucky and winning big.
Analysis: Jimenez uses some evidence to support her view of lotteries, including some statistics and an analogy. The main body is made up of the five common counterarguments which Jimenez considers and responds to. To support her side of the argument and to answer these counterarguments Jimenez share a few statistics. She tells us that the New York Times reported in 2002, that the state-run lotteries brought in a revenue of $20 billion dollars, and that this is only 4% of the states income. She also tells us about one study in a report from the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy that shows people who earned $10,000 a year bought almost three times as many lottery tickets than those who made $50,000 or more a year. This shows us that more poor people buy lotto tickets, so more poor people are paying the taxes that benefit education and social services.
In the second to last paragraph, the author uses an analogy that compares state-run lotteries to tobacco products. She says that tobacco is harmful, and the state puts heavy taxes on it. They use the revenue to treat people who have gotten sick from smoking and to persuade people not to smoke. She doesn’t apply this analogy to lotteries but assumes that we will think of how to...

Find Another Essay On Analysis of Against the Odds and Against the Common Good

About the economic effects that september 11th, had on the US economy, and whether or not sanctions would be a good idea for the US to use against Afghanistan

1415 words - 6 pages countries that have high trade with you are the most effective. It is also beneficial to gradually decrease trade as a show of power with friendly countries, much before switching to an all out sanction.Sanctions are most often used as a companion measure. What I mean is that it usually coincides with other measure against a country whether it be covert action, or military deployment. This is the case with America and Afghanistan at the moment

Analysis of the song "testify" by rage against the machine.

584 words - 2 pages Rage Against The Machine: TestifyRage Against The Machine (Rage) consisted of four members. Lead vocalist and songwriter Zack de la Rocha and guitarist Tom Morello are the most politically active of the group. Morello's father was a member of the Mau Mau guerilla army that freed Kenya from British colonial rule, while his mother is a founding member of Parents for Rock and Rap, an anti-censorship group. De la Rocha's mother holds a Ph.D. in

Pleasantville Analysis of Film Techniques against the Theme of "Change"

2188 words - 9 pages important as the storyline progresses.The breakfast scene is also a place which symbolically informs the audience of the current circumstances of Pleasantville. Betty is piling food which would normally be considered tasteful by the audience once in a while and individually: pancakes, salami, bacon and eggs. This is what could be represented in the saying: "Too much of a good thing is never good." The incongruous mix of foods is intentionally used

Against the Illegalization of drugs

1810 words - 7 pages AGAINST THE LEGALIZATION OF DRUGSEveryone agrees that something must be done about the tremendous physical and emotional health problems that drug abuse causes. Concern about the abuse of drugs is so widespread that recent polls indicate it to be one of the most serious problems in today's world, threatening the security and freedom of whole nations. Politicians, health experts and much of the general public feel that no issue is more important

A defense for abortion using standard abortion defenses against one another. good material for abortion in general. 1455 words.

1461 words - 6 pages "A defense of abortion" provides a myriad of analogies in the defense of abortion. One in particular is given that I personally enjoy. The analogy of People seeds is hilarious, and on top of that makes good sense. This paper will explain the people seeds and put that argument in standard form for analogies. An evaluation will also be given and an assessment of whether or not the argument is either weak or strong. The people seeds are as

British Plans against France, and against the Jews in 1915

964 words - 4 pages common knowledge and part of the popular literature of the age that in the defeat of the Turks a specific and notable part was played by the Arab revolt and that its leaders had enjoyed the indispensable co-operation and advice of a brilliant young British officer named Thomas Edward Lawrence. This revolt, according to the account, began in Arabia, displacing the Turks, spread over into Syria, and reached a climax in the capture of Damascus. In the


2228 words - 9 pages . In China this would be considered abuse of ones own ancestors.Ironically, psychologists who carry out animal research must believe that humans have evolved from animals and have common ancestry brains. It is therefore possible to use animals to understand human behaviour. Comparisons are invaluable for allowing us to develop a framework for brain analysis and the localisation of brain functioning (Coolican, 1994). According to Green (1994

Outline the case for and against the use of referenda.

2362 words - 9 pages OUTLINE THE CASE FOR AND AGAINST REFERENDAThe concept of referenda has existed for hundreds of years, coming into official use towards the end of the 19th century. There is evidence that the 'poll of the people' was used by William the Conqueror and by the Vatican in medieval times to affirm leaderships. Tacitus in 'Germania' suggests that Principes should decide minor questions, but great matters should be decided by the people. This idea

The question of abortion: the issue, arguments for and against.

2360 words - 9 pages 1. IntroductionAbortion is one of the most controversial moral issues that has become the center of discussion in our contemporary society. This issue has raised strong arguments, and for some people simply to mention 'abortion' is to stir up emotions. In this essay, I will present both sides of the argument: in favor and against. To take a closer look at this issue, I will discuss the arguments of Judith Jarvis Thomson, Michael Tooley, Don

the case against the case against burger

1030 words - 5 pages become more and more convinced that burger is the most disgusting food ever and McDonald’s was certainly the conspiracy of United States which would destroy Chinese next generation. I insisted that I should never had common set with those foods. And I did have never touched the box of Big Mac for over ten years. No burgers is the axiom my parents passed to the little me. I start to have my own idea about burgers when I came to my teenage—why am I

Analysis of the arguments for and against Affirmative Action (Issue #10, Stanley Feingold, George McKenna, "Taking Sides" 13th ed.)

1878 words - 8 pages problems due to this discrimination and it's effects on the black community. One solution to the problem of past discrimination and racial inequality has been to take "Affirmative Action" with regard to minority races in America, enforcing certain levels of opportunity mandated for minority groups, most notably black African Americans. McKenna and Feingold's "Taking Sides" dedicates a section to this debate of whether or not affirmative action

Similar Essays

Succeeding Against The Odds Essay

2098 words - 8 pages At some point in our lives, we come across certain situations that test our determination. Taking risks is part of our lives and many times things are not in our flavor. For those of us who take their chances and put all their hearts and soul into what they believe in, winning against the odds will further strengthen their mind and beliefs. I personally came across such a situation lately and I would like to share my experience with those who

Surviving Against All Odds Essay

1704 words - 7 pages obtain, but the risk was high of being attacked by zombies. Throughout the three texts survival is tested against the environment. In Lord of the Flies and Left 4 dead 2 the environment provided necessities to survive. While in the poem Survival the environment had no involvement with survival. So environment is important in regards to survival as the environment may or may not help chances of survival. Does the idea of survival change depending

Aristotle And The Human Good This Is An Essay On Aristotles Arguement That Happiness Is The Highest End Of Human Good. I Argue Against His Points And Give Details Why

1179 words - 5 pages Aristotle and The Human GoodIn book I, Nichomachean Ethics Aristotle argues the highest end is the human good, and claims that the highest end pursued in action is happiness, "What is the highest of all goods pursued in action...most people virtually agree, since both the many and the cultivated call it happiness"(pg. 198 ll.1095a 15-20). Aristotle's argument is flawed when he suggests only human beings with full use of reason (not animals or

This Is A Presuasive Essay On Capital Punishment. This Essay Has A Pro Capital Punishment Stance. Argues Against Common Statements Used To Challenge The Death Penalty.

857 words - 3 pages considered the harshest from of punishment enforced today. The most common method used to implement this task is lethal injection; although, the electric chair is still used in some states. The large debate over the death penalty comes from liberal fanatics who use deception and falsehoods to further their cause.Supporters of the death penalty consider capital punishment the only way for true justice to be executed for the severest of crimes