This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Analysis Of New Social Movement Theory

1018 words - 4 pages

Analysis of New Social Movement Theory
Works Cited Not Included

In Johnston, Laraña, and Gusfield’s discussion of New Social Movement (NSM) theory, they identify the concept as a “double-edged sword,” in that is has both related itself to the changing shape of society but also overemphasized the newness of its model, almost divorcing itself from previous social movement theories instead of acknowledging and assessing the similarities between them and integrating what is useful from theories of the past. As its basic framework asserts that social movements now are not as linked to class as they were in the time of the emergence of Marxism and at the height of industrialist society (as Resource Mobilization Theory might stress), new social movement theory succeeds in fitting itself to post-modern and post-industrialist social structure while it fails to explain the situations and changes that it describes. It makes the important point that a new and different society incites new and different movements. However, the language of the theory has a “tendency to ‘ontologize,’” as it tries to claim “more explanatory power than it empirically warranted,” which occasionally makes it an obstacle rather than a tool to analyze the modern face of social movements (Buechler & Cylke 276).

Johnston, Laraña, and Gusfield proceed to break down social movements and attribute to them eight characteristics which help clarify what defines a “new social movement.” The first of these characteristics is the frequently discussed observation that social movements are no longer homogenous in the category of social class, which Johnston, et al. describe as an NSM not bearing a “clear relation to the structural roles of its participants” (Buechler & Cylke 277). For instance, members of the environmental and GLBT rights movements need not share the same socioeconomic standing.

The second characteristic of NSM’s is tied to the first, in that groups no longer tend to share an over-arching ideological framework, whereas in Marxist discourse, such a shared frame was the “unifying and totalizing element for collective action” (Buechler & Cylke 277). Ideological unity has been supplanted by “pragmatic orientations” where movement members seek “institutional reform” to attain greater power in decision making processes, promoting a “‘democratizing dynamic’” in social movement discourse.

The third characteristic describes the mode of identity formation that is predominant in NSM’s, whose center tends to be “cultural and symbolic issues,” in contrast to the mobilization around economic grievances in other social movements (Buechler & Cylke 277). The shared symbols and cultural meanings of members of NSM’s serve to redefine daily life in the context of the movement.

A blurring between public and private action or “relation between the individual and the collective” is the fourth and a very prominent trait of NSM’s (Buechler & Cylke 277). The “hippie” movement...

Find Another Essay On Analysis of New Social Movement Theory

When English Is Not a Choice: A Social Conflict Analysis of the English-Only Movement

2014 words - 9 pages that the English-only policy promotes the de-facto status of native English speakers over non-English speakers. Macionis defines the social-conflict approach as “a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change” (12). A social conflict analysis emphasizes how more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit groups with less power. To further examine this social division, Karl

Organization Analysis with Social Systems Theory

957 words - 4 pages organizations by social systems theory. In this paper, I will analyze Adult Day Care Services Center in Korean Health, Education, Information and Research (KHEIR) Center by social systems theory.Mission Statement KHEIR Center, a non-profit service agency, was established in 1986 in response to a United Way inquiry of the healthcare needs of the Korean American community in Los Angeles. KHEIR Center supports and promotes the well-being of the Korean

Aspects of Social Bonding Theory

1488 words - 6 pages States: The influence of theories and traditions on policies and practices, Delinquent Violent Youth: Theory and Interventions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Hirschi, Travis. 1969. Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Hirschi, Travis and Michael J. Gottfredson. 1993. Commentary: Testing a General Theory of Crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 30:47-54.Shoemaker, D. J. 1990. Theories of delinquency: An examination of delinquent behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.White, Harrison C. 1992. Identity and Control: A Structural Theory of Social Action. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Analysis of Genderlect Theory

1480 words - 6 pages their gender. Although she had no prior knowledge of the Genderlect theory, it is evident that it plays a part in her daily life because she tailors herself to mimic the type of communication style the patient displays. Analysis of Artifact When confronting male patients, Mrs. Bryant emulated the male style of communication. She would often skip or hurry through the formalities of social exchange and instead move straight into questions

Soft Power Revolution: An Analysis of Social Media and Non-Violent Activism in the New Era

1583 words - 6 pages . Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Carroll, W. K., & Ratner, R. S. (1999). Media Strategies and Political Projects: A Comparative Study of Social Movements. The Canadian Journal of Sociology, 24(1), 1-34. Dudouet, V. (2008). Nonviolenct Resistance and Conflict Transformations in Power Asymmetries (Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management, Publication). Berlin: Berghof. Nye, J. S. (2003). Understanding international conflicts: an introduction to theory and history. New York: Longman. Sharp, G., & Paulson, J. (2005). Waging nonviolent struggle: 20th century practice and 21st century potential. Boston: Extending Horizons Books.

Analysis of the Mens Movement in Canada

2750 words - 11 pages Analysis of the Mens Movement in Canada With the emergence of the Women's Movement, a deep cleavage was created in gender relations, seemingly pitting women against men in the struggle for equality and status. An effect of this separation in spheres, was a collective of men feeling as if they were being misrepresented, or left behind during a revolutionary period of changing gender relations. A product of this was the conception

Analysis of The Civil Rights Movement

713 words - 3 pages Americans from exercsising their right to vote was one of the many problemd faced during they encountered during the Civil Rights Movement. Even so, they knew it was imparitive to get the African Americans vote counted, because only then would true social and polical change occur.

Analysis of Kurt Lewin's Theory

2406 words - 10 pages knowledge of Lewin’s change theory. I also observed staff nurses as they used the new EMR system to evaluate if their behavior matched what I read in the literature. Subsequently, I conducted one on one interviews and handed out short six question surveys on two units of the hospital over a two week period and recorded common behavioral themes and restraining forces that impinged on the staff and prevented them from accepting or wanting to

Analysis of Psychosocial Development Theory

2682 words - 11 pages The psychosocial theory provides a theoretical structure that highlights the constant assimilation and communication of individual competencies with resources, difficulties, and culture. Development is seen as a product of genetic, social, maturational, and autonomous dynamics. For this assignment, I am analyzing personal development using Erickson's psychosocial theory of development.Erickson believed that development follows the epigenetic

Social Learning Theory of Albert Bandura

3812 words - 15 pages Ross, and Sheila Ross, "Imitations of Aggressive Film-Mediated Models," Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, Vol. 66, 1963, pp. 3-11. Longitudinal study: M. Lefkowitz, L. Eron, L. Walker and L. Huesmann, Growing Up to Be Violent: A Longitudinal Study of the Development of Aggression, Pergamon, New York, 1977. Pornography: James Check and Neil Malamuth, "Pornography and Sexual Aggression: A Social Learning Theory Analysis," in

Social Responsibility Theory (SRT) of the Press

628 words - 3 pages .- Social Responsibility Theory represents a compromise between favoring government control of the media vs. favoring total press freedom. Social Responsibility Theory has broad appeal.- The Hutchins Commission on the Freedom of Press comprising academics, politicians and head of social groups were divided between those who favored a totally fee press and those who favored media control.- At this time, the Chicago School opposed the marketplace of

Similar Essays

Definition Of Social Movement And Neil Smelser's Predictive Theory

1638 words - 7 pages Definition of Social Movement and Neil Smelser's Predictive Theory It is not simple to present the satisfying definition of social movements. To clarify any confusion about this matter, I am going to give definitions of collective behavior and social movement; collective behavior is defined as activity involving a relatively large number of people that is often spontaneous and very typically in violation of established social norms. Social

Analysis Of Barthes' "Mythologies" Social Theory Essays

2282 words - 9 pages Barthes' "Mythologies" is a criticism of modern consumerist society. In the 1950s, when the essays were written, there was nothing at all new about criticism directed at "bourgeois" society; Marx had written more than a century earlier of how the bourgeoisie maintained their unjust position of luxury at the top of society by exploiting the working classes. What is unique about "Mythologies" is the approach Barthes chooses for his attack on

Evolution Of A Social Movement Essay

2624 words - 10 pages other venues, and so, voting soon took the forefront (Feminism and Women's Studies, 2005).As with any fight for independence, rebellion is the seed from which a movement sprouts, and its cultivators are few in the beginning. The first women's rights convention was held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. During the span of two days, a Declaration of Sentiments was drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and signed by 68 women and 32 men (Imbornoni, 2007

Development Of Social Theory Essay

2951 words - 12 pages believe in free will, and that individuals make choices that shape society. The above are Macro-sociologies. This essay will also show some insight to the action theory of symbolic interaction, which is a Micro-sociology. Symbolic interaction studies small groups and individuals within society, along with how they interact with each other.In society, there are several social divisions, one of the most prominent being stratification. This essay